Not only children, of course diphtheria can affect anyone. Of course this is one disease outbreak that needs to be watched out for because the form of spread of this disease is indeed quite fast and also quite easy. Diphtheria is often associated with diseases that exist in the throat. However, it turns out that this disease has various effects which of course make many people feel afraid of this one disease.
Although this disease is indeed treatable, of course maintaining health and a good immune system can at least prevent us from this disease. Diphtheria that occurs in adults certainly has the same dangers as diphtheria in children. Even under certain conditions, adults will be easily infected and become the agent of transmission for this disease. Although the causes and symptoms are almost the same in the symptoms that occur in children. Of course, there is something that distinguishes diphtheria in children and diphtheria that occurs in adults. What does diphtheria look like in adults? Let’s take a look at our explanation below!
Diphtheria Symptoms in Adults
Some of the signs and symptoms of diphtheria in adults are certainly one of the easiest features for us to determine certain diseases. Here are some signs and also symptoms of diphtheria that occur in adults, including:
The symptoms of diphtheria in adults also cannot be separated from the pain that occurs in the throat. Of course, the symptoms of diphtheria in adults are characterized by a sore throat, which is inflammation that occurs in the mucous membrane in the area around the throat and also the oral cavity. Maybe at first it was very difficult to distinguish between a sore throat and dehtheria because they have almost the same symptoms. However, after an interval of a few days it will begin to show signs and also characteristics that are quite characteristic of this diphtheria disease.
The following are some of the characteristics that distinguish sore throat and diphtheria, including:
In terms of causes
– Sore throat
When viewed from the point of view of the cause, of course, sore throat is usually caused by several things including flu, bacterial infection, smoking, chemicals and also other substances that cause irritation of the throat and quite dry environmental air.
Diphtheria is of course caused by the infection of the throat by bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheriae. This bacteria is indeed very contagious through phlegm, mucus, sneezing and also mucus from someone who has diphtheria. In essence, people who breathe air that has been contaminated by the spread of these bacteria can easily contract this disease.
In this case, of course, diphtheria is not caused directly by a virus. However, the diphtheria virus here, namely Lysogenic bacteriophages, infects the Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria. So in fact, these bacteria have also had previous infections. This is of course the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae cannot produce toxins without the virus that infects them.
In terms of symptoms
– Sore throat
For symptoms in a sore throat, of course, it can be characterized by several characteristics, including redness that appears from the palate to the throat which sometimes looks like a wound. For people who experience this sore throat, of course, they will only experience sore throat as usual without any membrane.
In people who have normal laryngitis, of course, they will not experience high-pitched breathing sounds which are of course caused by a blockage in the throat and voice box. In addition, for people who have a sore throat, of course there will be no difficulty when breathing, but in some cases it will cause a fever accompanied by a very weak body.
As for diphtheria, of course, a white to gray membrane that occurs in the throat is called a pseudomembrane. This membrane can also appear in several nasal cavities. For people who have diphtheria, of course, they will make a sound like they are breathing or what is called a stridor. Stridor is certainly a condition in which high-pitched breathing sounds can of course be caused by a blockage in the throat.
In terms of Danger
– Sore throat
When viewed in terms of danger, of course, a sore throat or sore throat does not cause too significant any impact or harm. Only maybe you will experience difficulties in some things such as disturbance when you eat and swallow. However, if left untreated, it will certainly cause pain and muscle weakness and difficulty breathing.
There is no doubt about the level of danger in diphtheria. This is because diphtheria does have more severe symptoms than pain and inflammation of the throat. In this case, of course, diphtheria can attack the mucous membranes (mucus) that occurs in the respiratory tract such as the nose, throat and also enters several other parts of the body that have mucous membranes. This diphtheria bacteria can certainly produce a very dangerous poison called exotosin, which is a poison with very deadly properties. Exotosin can of course also cause neuritis or damage to nerve cells so that it can cause disturbances in the respiratory system damage, respiratory failure that leads to death and vision problems.
Symptoms of diphtheria that occur in adults are also characterized by the appearance of a pseudomembranous. This membrane is of course the appearance of a white and gray membrane that occurs in the throat. This membrane is of course formed from a pile of dead cells and is also damaged by toxins produced by the Corynebacterium diphtheriae bacteria. If peeled off, the sticky membrane in the throat tissue will bleed out.
Another symptom that is an indication of diphtheria is that a person will experience a mild fever and not too high. But there are also some people who have a very high fever ranging from 30 degrees Celsius.
In adults, of course, he will experience swelling that occurs in the lymph glands. This of course can be known from the swelling of the neck which is called a bull neck because the neck is quite large in size.
Muscles Feel Painful & Body Limp
In adults who have diphtheria, of course, they will also experience pain in the muscles. This condition will certainly cause the body to feel weak due to inflammation of the muscle tissue as the cause of the pain.
Hard to breathe
The next symptom is one of the characteristics that characterize diphtheria in adults. This is because Corynebacterium diphtheriae is a bacteria that is quite dangerous and also produces toxins or toxins called extoxins. The
se toxins can certainly damage some healthy cells in the body.
At first this diphtheria poison damaged the upper respiratory tissue, causing sufferers to have difficulty breathing. Diphtheria poison here of course can paralyze the diaphragm muscle, resulting in the loss of the ability to inhale and exhale. This of course causes the dangerous stages that occur in diphtheria, which leads to death.
In addition to difficulty breathing, diphtheria can also cause adults to experience palpitations. The acotoxin that has been produced by diphtheria bacteria certainly does not only attack the upper respiratory system. However, it will be carried by the blood so that it will attack other important organs in the body such as the heart and kidneys.
In this case, of course, the entry of diphtheria poison into the heart organ can cause symptoms of a heart pounding with an sometimes irregular beating. If this condition is not addressed, this condition will cause damage to the heart muscle and also heart failure. For that, if you experience symptoms like this, of course it would be nice if you immediately consulted a doctor for further treatment.
Facts About Diphtheria That You Must Know
Many consider that diphtheria is indeed more terrible and is included in a disease that is quite dangerous. The diphtheria outbreak here will certainly attack an area and spread very quickly so it is very easy to transmit this epidemic between individuals. Especially if the body’s immune system in the area is very bad.
In the case of diphtheria in Indonesia, it is indeed very rare. However, due to several factors, the gap in the immune system is lacking, diphtheria will again become life-threatening. To add to your insight, here we summarize some facts about diphtheria which are considered very interesting for us to discuss as in the following:
Diphtheria Causes Death
The first fact that you should know about diphtheria is that diphtheria is one of the most deadly types of disease. This is because diphtheria is indeed one of the diphtheria diseases as a cause of death. According to the CDC, 1 in 10 diphtheria sufferers are reported to have died despite having received prior intensive care. If you don’t get treatment and also treatment, it is possible that 1 and 2 diphtheria sufferers will die. Deaths caused by diphtheria sufferers can certainly occur due to complications such as nerve damage, heart muscle damage, lung infections, and heart failure.
Bacteria Can Get Infections
The fact of the second diphtheria disease is certainly quite interesting. Diphtheria disease is caused by Corynebacterium diphteriae where these bacteria are infected by a virus. These bacteria are certainly not dangerous until they are infected with a virus. If it is infected, it will be bad for our bodies. If the infection is caused by bacteria that have been infected by a virus, the uninfected diphtheria bacteria certainly cannot cause the bacteria to become infected.
However, keeping the body from being infected by germs and viruses is indeed a must for you. For that, it is very important for you to keep your body healthy and also have a pretty good immune system. Those are some of the symptoms of diphtheria in adults that you must know about. Hope it is useful!