Cancer does have various types that can occur in several parts of the body. Cancer is known as the most deadly disease. Most cancer sufferers are not successful in fighting their disease. It cannot be denied that various types of cancer are indeed the cause of a person’s death, both early and late stage cancer.
As one of the types of colon cancer that has been disabled has killed as many as 655,000 people worldwide. Colon cancer, also known as colon cancer, certainly attacks the large intestine, which is the last part of the digestive system in the human body. In general, colon cancer can attack any type of business, but most people with colon cancer are over 60 years of age.
Bowel cancer that occurs in humans at an early stage usually does not show significant symptoms and causes no symptoms at all. This condition makes the stage of colon cancer to increase to the final stage. Therefore, it is very important for you to be aware of any symptoms and signs of colon cancer that might attack you.
Causes of Colon Cancer
Most colon cancer begins with the formation of small lumps known as adenoma polyps. These lumps will spread out of control over time. Colon cancer can also occur when there is a genetic mutation in which DNA cells in an area of the body grow out of control and are destructive.
In patients with colon cancer, the growth of these cells naturally begins with abnormal cell growth that occurs in the inner lining of the intestine. But then it spreads and damages other cells nearby so that the good cells in the body can die and are also destroyed so that they are replaced by cancerous cells. In this case the genetic mutation can be called heredity. In other words, someone who has a family history of colon cancer will have a greater risk than family members who do not have a history of colon cancer.
There are at least 2 types of colon cancer that are thought to be genetic, including:
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
The first type of cancer can be said to be a rare disease in humans. This type of disease is caused by the appearance of thousands of small lumps on the walls of the large intestine and rectum. A person who has FAP has several times the risk of developing colon cancer before the age of 40 years.
Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC)
The next type of cancer is a disorder known as Lynch syndrome. In someone who has Lynch syndrome has a risk of developing colon cancer before the age of 50 years.
The main factor that causes colon cancer is age. This is because age becomes a race when someone is suffering from an illness. In this case, of course, age is related to the cause of colon cancer. Although not directly, but with age, of course, you can have a risk of developing colon cancer. Colon cancer attacks humans who are elderly, namely around 50 years or more. One in four people who have polyps will certainly lead to an increased risk of cancer.
Colon cancer is also associated with the occurrence of other diseases in the human body. Like a study published in the Journal of Gastroenterology which found that insulin dependence has a major contribution to the development of colon cancer in the body. At least it is known that about 40% of people with diabetes will have a greater potential for colon cancer than people who do not have diabetes.
Excess alcohol consumption
The next factor that can trigger colon cancer is alcohol. As we know that alcohol contains substances that are bad for the health of the body. According to one study, alcohol has been shown to increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer. For this reason, it would be nice if you avoid consuming excess alcohol because it can increase your risk of colon cancer.
The next factor that can increase the risk of colon cancer is genetic factors. This factor can also be called heredity. At least researchers estimate that about 25% of people who suffer from colon cancer are caused by genetic factors. The most common causes of genetic factors are the two types of colon cancer that we have mentioned above, namely FAP and HNPCC.
Inflammation of the intestine
Do not rule out the possibility for colon cancer sufferers starting from inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory bowel disease is of course marked by the condition of Chron’s disease and ulcerative colitis which can increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer. In general, the longer a person has inflammatory bowel disease, the greater the chance of developing colorectal cancer.
Indirectly, the environment has a considerable influence in triggering a person to experience colon cancer. The environment does shape where the development of colon cancer may occur. For example, where you live, what your job is, who is around you to the lifestyle of those closest to you. All of these factors certainly have a considerable influence in triggering colon cancer.
The criteria for this type of unhealthy food are of course very complex and also varied. Various types of junk food and fast food do have a significant role in causing colon cancer. Especially if you eat too much red meat and fat, it will certainly trigger the growth of cancer cells in your body. Other types of food that can cause colon cancer are foods that are low in fiber and high in bad fats which are one of the causes where the risk of colon cancer increases.
Lack of exercise
Sport is indeed a word that is very easy to say, but very difficult to do. Colon cancer can also occur because your body is not moving enough. A study has certainly proven that lifestyle does have a significant contribution to the development of colon cancer. Exercise is very necessary to prevent colon cancer because it can overcome various other disease problems.
The cause of the next colon cancer that occurs in a person can of course be caused by free radicals. These free radicals can come from DNA mutations due to lifestyle changes that you carry out as well as exposure to external factors from our daily routine. Of course, free radicals here can be caused by several factors, such as the environment that makes you always exposed to chemicals or the air you breathe everyday does not have healthy criteria.
olon Cancer Symptoms
Every disease can be detected when it causes certain signs and symptoms. Likewise with colon cancer, which can be identified by looking at some of the signs and symptoms. Although in the early stage colon cancer there are no significant symptoms, but if the colon cancer has increased. Then, it will cause several symptoms that can be easily detected. Here are some of the symptoms that arise if a person has colon cancer, including:
– The body will feel tired easily
– There is considerable constipation
– Decreased appetite
– Losing weight
– Increased frequency of bowel movements or diarrhea
– The presence of blood in the stool and even bleeding in the anus
– The occurrence of pain and cramps that occur in the stomach
– The texture of the feces and feces will get harder so it is very difficult when you defecate. This condition makes you experience constipation or become more watery (diarrhea).
– The occurrence of flatulence
– Changed bowel habits that last for several days such as constipation, diarrhea and short stools
– The anus is bleeding
– The body will get tired and weak easily
– Accidental weight loss
– There is blood in the stool, making it look dark
Of course, not all of the symptoms we have mentioned above are experienced by cancer sufferers. However, only some others feel some of the symptoms listed above. However, almost everyone experiences what is known as abdominal pain with problematic bowel movements. Colon cancer symptoms that have spread more widely (metasis) depend on the location of the cancer and also the size of the location of the tumor in the body. Many colon cancer patients do not realize the symptoms of colon cancer before they are diagnosed.
Here are some symptoms that people with colon cancer may experience if the cancer symptoms have spread, including:
– If the bones are affected, symptoms include fracture, pain, constipation and decreased alertness due to too high a calcium level.
– If the lungs begin to be affected, these symptoms include shortness of breath, coughing, chest pain, difficulty breathing and also feeling extreme fatigue.
– If the liver has been affected, the symptoms that can occur are extreme fatigue, nausea, swelling of the soles of the feet and hands, increased thickness of the stomach and the appearance of itchy and yellow skin.
– If the lymph nodes are affected in the stomach, the symptoms you can feel are flatulence, swelling and loss of breath.
– If cancer cells have spread to the brain and spinal cord, then the symptoms you can feel are pain, headaches, memory loss, difficulty speaking, difficulty moving, seizures, blurred and double vision, even some people experience a daze .
The next cause that can be a risk factor for kidney disease due to increasing age. In general, age is very influential in triggering kidney disease, namely the age of 40 years and over. However, that does not mean that young people will not be attacked by kidney disease. This of course has to do with your lifestyle and also the habits you do.
Those are some things you need to know about the causes of colon cancer as well as some facts that are not widely known by most people. Therefore, keep your health by adopting a healthy lifestyle and stay away from things that can cause colon cancer to attack you. Hope it is useful!