Although basically the symptoms of anemia are similar, namely weakness, fatigue and lethargy, anemia can be divided into hemolytic anemia, iron deficiency anemia, megaloblastic anemia and secondary anemia. Children are more likely to have iron deficiency anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is a medical condition characterized by reduced red blood cells resulting in iron deficiency. Iron is a trace element that is needed by the child’s body. The main symptoms are pale face, dizziness and a slow response. Due to symptoms that are difficult to distinguish from normal conditions, it is usually difficult to treat them at the onset of anemia.
Tips for preventing anemia in children, including:
1. Exclusive breastfeeding
In order to prevent anemia in children, breastfeeding should be given at least until the baby is 6 months old. Breast milk is the best food for babies. Although the iron content in breast milk is low, the absorption rate is relatively high. For newborns, sufficient breast milk can help them avoid anemia.
2. Right Time Choices in Giving complementary foods
In addition, complementary foods must be on time, that is 6 months of age. Many of these foods are abundant in iron, such as egg yolks and lean meats. Foods high in vitamin C should also be given to children, which can increase iron absorption.
3. Food Ingredients Containing Iron Absorption
Although iron can be obtained well, the next thing to consider is food ingredients that can help you absorb iron, for example broccoli, tomato juice, oranges, strawberries or foods that contain easily absorbed iron, namely meat types such as poultry and fish.
4. Recognize foods that inhibit iron absorption
One example of foods that inhibit iron absorption is the polyphenol group, namely tea, peppers, turmeric, besides the content of phytic acid groups such as wheat, nuts, which will reduce iron absorption.
5. Medical treatment
Children with serious anemia should seek medical attention immediately. After the examination, a suitable treatment can be decided for anemic sufferer. In general, how to treat anemia must be complemented by children’s medical conditions, so that the symptoms experienced by children do not necessarily lead to anemia.
In short, parents should pay attention to the situation of their children so as to assess whether their children have anemia or not. If they get anemia, suitable means such as diet therapy should be adopted to alleviate this disease.