Following are the nutritional preparations before pregnancy are as follows:
1. Folic acid
Folic acid is one that is useful for preparing for pregnancy, although it is often forgotten. The first step you can prepare is to meet your needs for folic acid, ranging up to 400 micrograms per day. In supplementing folate every day you can get it from natural foods and vitamins according to the dosage given by the doctor. The best sources from nature that provide folic acid are green leafy vegetables, citrus, egg yolks and nuts. By preparing for pregnancy by fulfilling the needs of folic acid, it will help in the development and metabolism of conception. In addition, folic acid is very useful in helping pregnant women reduce the risk of children with congenital defects and other dangerous diseases.
2. Choice of food intake
In preparing for pregnancy, also pay attention to food intake, improve your lifestyle and maintain healthy eating for pregnancy. You can leave unhealthy foods such as junk food which are high in calories and fat and avoid consuming foods such as chips, soft drinks and other unhealthy foods. So that in preparing for pregnancy, you should consume more protein and vitamins. Natural vitamins are highly recommended such as the content of fruits, vegetables, nuts, wheat and milk which contains low fat.
Often pregnant women experience fatigue, lethargy and result in poor health for the mother and the fetus. In anticipation of these conditions, you should prepare your pregnancy by consuming foods that contain iron. Foods or multivitamins that contain iron will help in preparation for pregnancy and avoid anemia which is often complained of by pregnant women.
4. Limiting Caffeine
Limit consumption of coffee and tea because they contain caffeine which can worsen health before pregnancy preparation. Recommendations from health experts that starting a pregnancy can be done with a limit of consuming 200 milligrams of caffeine, this can also be limited to pregnancy.
5. Stay away from alcohol
Research says the habit of consuming alcohol will interfere with fertility, therefore consuming alcohol before and during pregnancy will worsen the condition maternal and fetal health.
6. Leave the smoking habit
Quit smoking completely when planning pregnancy and also during pregnancy. Passive smoking is as dangerous as active smokers, therefore you should ask your husband to stop smoking.
7. Maintain Ideal Body Weight
Maintaining an ideal body weight is the best way, one of which is by eating a healthy diet and also not being too fat or thin. In achieving ideal body weight before pregnancy, be diligent in exercising so that you can live a healthy life.