Menstrual Problems in Women – The menstrual cycle in women certainly does not always run smoothly and regularly. Sometimes women experience various problems in their menstrual cycle. Some of these problems are certainly very disturbing and also make women feel uncomfortable. For that, know some menstrual problems in the following women!
As we all know that menstruation is one thing that is very common and must be experienced by every woman. Of course, each woman experiences a different menstrual cycle. There are those who experience regular and irregular menstrual cycles, short and long menstrual cycles. All these differences are of course very much influenced by the reproductive hormones possessed by each woman.
However, for women who experience irregular menstrual cycles, of course, it is very difficult for them to know their fertile period. A regular menstrual cycle in women, of course, is very easy for them to determine the fertile period and also nothing to worry about. In general, the menstrual cycle lasts about 28 days to 30 days. This condition, of course, really depends on the hormones possessed by the woman. Also read: Fertility Calculator for Women
Menstruation generally lasts about 5 days and the latest is about 15 days. Not a few women also experience menstruation for about 2 days. For women who experience a long menstrual cycle for 15 days, of course we need to be aware of this. This makes it possible for women to experience several problems in their reproductive organs. Therefore, we present some menstrual problems in women that you must know!
Menstrual Problems in Women
Before we go on to explain about menstrual problems experienced by women, of course we must first know some phases of the menstrual cycle which can be said to be a normal menstrual cycle in women, some of these phases include:
- The first menstrual phase is marked by the shedding of blood on the uterine wall and will be removed from the body on the first to the 7th day gradually.
- The pre-ovulation phase is of course marked by the maturation of the egg (ovum) and also the formation in the ovary. This phase of course occurs on days 7-13.
- The ovulation phase, of course, is characterized by an egg that matures in a woman and is ready to be fertilized. This phase generally lasts about 14 days before the next menstrual cycle comes.
- The post-ovulation phase is of course marked by an increase in the endometrial progesterone hormone which is thickened so that it will be ready to receive the embryo. If pregnancy does not occur, of course, the menstrual cycle will repeat itself in the next menstrual phase.
If the woman does not experience this phase or is not even normal at that phase. Of course, this is caused by several menstrual problems in women, including:
The first problem is called menorrhagia, which is characterized by a large volume of blood. This of course is caused by hormonal imbalances and uterine abnormalities. If you have had periods with a very large volume of blood that lasts more than 7 days.
This condition is of course very dangerous, especially if it is not accommodated by sanitary napkins. A blood clot that is present during menstruation is certainly considered normal, but if there is enough blood it is a sign of heavy periods. Women who experience menorrhagia are particularly prone to anemia.
Menorrhagia is a menstrual disorder or problem experienced by women and is characterized by a large amount of blood loss. This is due to an imbalance between thyroid hormones and abnormalities in the pelvis. In normal women, the amount of blood that comes out is about 2 ounces, while in women who have menorrhagia, the blood loss is about 3 ounces or even more.
Usually menorrhagia is caused by hormonal imbalance in women, pelvic infections, contraceptives, endometrial disorders and hypothyroidism. To treat cases of women who experience menorrhagia can be done with the help of doctors and health workers. In addition, if the disease is caused by menorrhagia it can cause infection in the pelvis, so it is necessary to remove the uterus and also treatment with chemotherapy.
Dysmenorrhea / Dysmenorrhea
The second problem that is often experienced by women is dysmenorrha, which is a menstrual disorder characterized by symptoms of pain in the back. Menstrual problems are certainly felt by women, especially in the lower part, back area, abdominal cramps and pelvic bones.
Dysmenorrha is of course linked to an increase in a woman’s natural chemical levels at the time of ovulation. This condition can certainly trigger pain in the lower body. This is of course related to abnormalities in the female reproductive organs, fibroids and endometriosis which can cause pain during menstruation. Of course, when you experience dysmenorrha, you can see a doctor or medical personnel.
Dysmenorrhea is often a problem during menstruation because it causes discomfort and also pain due to cramps that occur during menstruation. The pain and also the pain, of course, involve the abdominal organs, reproductive organs, thighs, pelvis, lower back and also the genital area.
The pain and aches experienced by women can of course be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, dizziness and even fainting. Most women naturally tend to experience cramps by the age of 30. Approximately 5% and even more women who experience difficulties when these menstrual disorders appear.
As with amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea is also divided into two parts including primary dysmenorrhea and secondary dysmenorrhea. Primary dysmenorrhea is of course caused by the endocrine system in the body to release excess prostaglandin hormones. This is of course to stimulate uterine contractions to cause excessive pain during friction.
Meanwhile, secondary dysmenorrhea is rare in women. The causes of menstrual problems are usually caused by inflammation of the pelvis, normal separation of the uterine wall, polyps or tumors, chronic infection of the uterus and also weakness of the muscles that can support uterine function in a woman’s body.
Anemorrhea / Amenorrhea (Late Menstruation)
Amenorrhea can be regarded as a reflection of several disorders such as the integral neuroendocrine circle and the hypothalamus, ovaries, pituitary gland and also the uterus which functions to control the menstrual cycle.
The problem when women experience amenorrhea is of course marked by women who do not experience menstruation for up to 3 months. There is a high probability that a woman who does not have a pregnancy for 3 months is pregnant. However, if pregnancy does not occur, it can cause symptoms of perimenopause or menopause.
Women who do not experience menstruation are generally caused by women who experience extreme weight loss, high stress levels, or also heavy physical exercise. Apart from these conditions, of course you have to consume lots of water and also foods that contain lots of iron. Of course, this avoids the risk of anemia during the menstrual cycle.
Amenorrhea can be divided into two types, namely primary amenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea is the failure and delay of a young woman even though she is 16 years old. This condition, o
f course, do not worry you if it is accompanied by the growth of hair on the armpits and genitals, developing breasts and accelerated growth. Of course you can do primary amenorrhea treatment and it can’t be done if a woman is over 18 years of age.
Meanwhile, secondary amenorrhea is more about delayed menstruation that occurs in women before menstruation. However, the next menstruation did not come until the third cycle. Menstrual problems commonly experienced by women are certainly not fatal and you don’t have to worry about it. Usually, this condition is caused by the side effects of using drugs, excessive stress, lack of nutritious food intake and excessive exercise.
The main causes of a woman experiencing secondary amenorrhea include pregnancy, extreme weight loss, ovarian cysts or tumors, exposure to radiation and radiation therapy as well as a previous pregnancy placenta.
Of course, to diagnose both types of amenorrhea, it can be identified by first detecting the cause and then doing an examination. Usually, the examination is done by doing an ultrasound or X-ray of the pelvis and skull to avoid the presence of a pituitary tumor. Urine laboratory tests can certainly be detected to diagnose secondary amenorrhea.
If a woman is exposed to amenorrhea, of course, first steps can be taken by finding out the cause of menstruation. Hormone therapy is done of course to find out any hormonal changes in women, lifestyle and some other physical activity. Both primary and secondary amenora, of course, must be treated with the help of drugs and doctor’s supervision.
The menstrual cycle certainly cannot be predicted with certainty because every woman may experience irregular menstrual cycles. This condition occurs especially at the beginning of menstruation and also when women experience menopause. Irregular menstrual cycles are of course caused by several factors including drastic weight loss, cysts, obesity, very high stress, abnormalities that occur in reproductive organs, obesity and hormonal imbalances in women.
Metrorrhagia (menstrual irregularities)
In this case, of course, it can be triggered by various factors. Metrorrhagia is bleeding that occurs in the vagina during the menstrual cycle. Bleeding experienced by women comes from the woman’s uterus and is caused by cervical cancer, cervical erosion, cervical polyps so that it may require further treatment.
Polymenorrhea (Repetitive Menstruation)
Menstrual problems that are often experienced by women who experience polymenorrhea are characterized by menstruation occurring in less than 20 days and occurring 2 times a month. The cause of menstruation is usually caused by an imbalance of progesterone and also the hormone estrogen. This condition is certainly found in girls who are young and have never ovulated. This of course will be experienced in women who are going through menopause.
Oligomenorrhea (Long Menstrual Intervals)
Most women will experience menstrual cycles for 25 days to 30 days. This normal cycle of course applies to women who are not menstruating, disorders such as tumors or anorexia nervosa and also breastfeeding. When a woman experiences oligomenorrhea, of course, she has menstrual cycles at intervals of 35 days or more during menstruation. Problems with menstruation can of course be caused by a strict diet, emotional problems, hormonal disorders and obesity.
Anovulation (Bleeding that doesn’t happen)
Menstrual problems experienced by women are anovulation where a woman no longer experiences bleeding in the first two or three years after menstruation and will experience it again when five years before menopause. Of course, without ovulation, the hormone progesterone is no longer produced so that women will no longer have regular periods again. The progesterone hormone certainly plays an active role in regulating the time of the menstrual cycle and also when menstruation does not change or even stops completely. Experts certainly believe that about 20% of failure in ovulation is caused by too much physical exercise, androgen production, thyroid gland dysfunction, obesity as well as an overproduction of prolactin.
It is very important to know the various menstrual problems that are often experienced by women. This is necessary to prevent things that are not desirable and will also happen to women. Some of the problems above can certainly be fatal to women so that women will experience health problems. Those are some menstrual problems in women, which often attack the majority of women. Therefore, you must be vigilant and also be aware of menstrual problems that will just come along. Hope it is useful!