Nosebleeds are a condition where blood comes out of the nose. This occurs due to the rupture of blood vessels on the inner surface of the nasal cavity. Nosebleeds or epithaxis are conditions that can happen to anyone, including people who are fasting. There are several conditions that cause it the child has a nosebleed during fasting.
Nosebleeds are divided into two types, namely anterior epithaxis or rupture of the blood vessels in the front of the nose and posterior epithaxis or rupture of the blood vessels at the back of the nose. In fact, incident nosebleed usually occurs in children aged 2 to 5 years. This is because the blood vessels in the child’s nose are more fragile and break easily.
Even though this incident looks scary, you as a parent don’t need to worry. You can do first aid to treat children with nosebleeds during fasting.
What causes nosebleeds during fasting?
If the child has a nosebleed while fasting, perhaps the air is too dry. The nasal membranes of children will dry out due to dry air during the summer.
This condition is then able to cause a crust that is quite itchy and irritated in the nose. This makes the nose hurt when the child picks it too hard. Apart from these causes, there are other possibilities that cause children to have nosebleeds during fasting. Here’s the summary.
- The child has trauma to the blood vessels. This is, for example, due to the entry of foreign objects, picking the nose too tightly or experiencing injuries to the face near the nose.
- Certain allergic reactions
- Hot weather or summer conditions that are too hot or otherwise too cold.
- Inflammation of the nose, caused by infection, allergic rhinitis, or the presence of nasal polyps.
- There are structural abnormalities in the child’s blood vessels
- Abnormalities of blood clotting factors
Children who have the habit of blowing their nose too often and even loudly, doing it during a cold can cause nosebleeds. But back again, not all children experience the same conditions like this.
First aid to deal with nosebleeds in children
To prevent nosebleeds for a long time, you can take first aid measures. First aid that is done to deal with a child with nosebleeds during fasting is as follows:
- Position the child to sit on the chair, keep the child’s body upright and tilt the head forward slightly. Avoid bending your head back, as this can cause blood to flow down the throat. Of course it will make children feel bad, can make children cough and even vomit.
- Pinch the soft part of the child’s nose under the nasal bone. Ask your child to breathe through the mouth. Do a few breaths while the nose is being pinched.
- Observe the flow of blood out for about 10 minutes. Stopping the blood too quickly can cause the child’s nose to bleed again. You can also put ice cubes to the bridge of the child’s nose, this aims to reduce the flow of blood that comes out.
- Keep the child calm and relaxed during the nosebleed and after. Because, children who have a curious nature will feel and even rub and play with their nose roughly.
If the first aid above is still not effective in dealing with nosebleeds in children, you should immediately take your child to the doctor for further treatment.
When should a child get a nosebleed to the doctor?
Usually, nosebleeds that occur in children last only 10 minutes. Nosebleeds can also stop on their own. However, if the nosebleed continues for more than 30 minutes, take your child to the doctor immediately.
If there is heavy bleeding so that the child loses a lot of blood, you must be vigilant. When you take him to the doctor, keep taking precautions. Make sure that the child does not lose consciousness due to a lot of blood loss while traveling.
If a child experiences a nosebleed during fasting, we should remind the child not to continue to refrain from breaking the fast prematurely. When a nosebleed, the child’s body will be weak due to a lot of bleeding. Immediately, the child should break the fast when the nosebleed occurs.
Ways to prevent nosebleeds during fasting
There are several easy ways you can anticipate the occurrence of nosebleeds in children during fasting. Let us see the points.
Forbid the child to pick the nose
One factor in the occurrence of nosebleeds is an injury to the nose. Chances are the child will feel like cleaning his nose whenever there is dirt in it. However, if the child frequently picks his nose with his fingers hard, there will be friction on the nose wall. This causes bleeding and nosebleeds.
Protect children from injury while playing
Letting children play outside to explore the environment is a way to remind children of falling. However, when children play there will be several activities that they will do. This might give the child a nosebleed. You must protect your child from various injuries that can cause nosebleeds to occur.
Keep the child’s nose from drying out
The occurrence of nosebleeds in children will often occur when the transition season is cold or even dry. One good way to prevent nosebleeds in children is to keep the mucous membranes in the nose from drying out.
You can use a nasal wash that comes in the form of a spray. The nasal wash is able to moisturize the nasal cavity in children. In addition, you must maintain the child’s fluid intake so that the child does not become dehydrated. Because dehydration can cause nosebleeds during fasting.
Keep your child’s nails short and clean
The habit of young children is to always put their dirty hands in their nose or even into their mouth. This will certainly be the cause of the nosebleed. You can anticipate this by keeping your child’s nails short and clean.
Try to cut your child’s nails regularly. It is better if you cut your child’s nails after the child has finished bathing. That’s because children’s nails will be softer when cleaned.
Adding a humidifier for children to breathe easier
The last way to prevent nosebleeds is to use a tool that can humidify the air in the room. You can use a humidifier indoors. Increasing humidity using a humidifier can make the air more humid.
So that the irritation caused by dry air will be avoided. In addition, you can put the humidifier at night. It will make the child breathe easier and the quality of sleep will be better. Choose a humidifier that can keep the air ideal and improve the air temperature according to the room.
That is the cause, treatment and first aid that you can do when your child has a nosebleed during fasting. It would be better if you stay calm while waiting for the child’s condition to improve. If your child has a nosebleed that lasts longer than usual, you should immediately take your child to the doctor.
Hope it is useful!