Diabetes is still a frightening specter for many people of all ages. Although this disease is touted as a disease of the elderly or a disease that mostly attacks elderly people. However, in fact, many people who are relatively young are already affected by this health condition.
Basically, the delay in diagnosis in diabetics is a matter of concern where treatment should be done sooner but this condition turns into a scary thing when the condition of diabetes turns into an advanced condition with a worse risk.
In addition to the type 1 and type 2 diabetes that we have recognized so far, it seems that another type of diabetes called diabetes insipidus appears. This condition is as terrible as other diabetes conditions where of course patients who experience this condition and are not treated immediately, this condition will slowly progress to diabetes 1 and diabetes 2. So what exactly is the condition of diabetes insipidus? Let’s take a look below.
What is Diabetes Insipidus
Diabetes insipidus is a fairly rare condition that attacks sufferers of this disease. Generally sufferers diabetes with this type will experience symptoms such as feelings of thirst and at the same time they will tend to urinate frequently in large amounts.
In certain more severe conditions, people with this type of diabetes will be able to pass up to 20 liters of urine a day. This size is certainly far compared to normal people who do not have diabetes.
The type of diabetes insipidus itself is different from diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a long-term disease condition characterized by blood sugar levels above normal levels. Meanwhile, diabetes insipidus, on the other hand, is not related to blood sugar levels.
But one thing is certain, this one diabetic patient will certainly feel disturbed and uneasy. Imagine, the constant urge to pee can possibly make the sufferer annoyed and can lead to bed-wetting. (Read Other Articles: Preventing Weight Gain from Using Insulin)
How Common Is Diabetes Insipidus?
Diabetes insipidus is actually a rare and rare condition. This disease is also more common in men than in women. Meanwhile, this disease attacks sufferers of all ages. You can reduce your chances of getting diabetes insipidus by reducing the factors and risks properly. In addition, always take care to always be able to consult a doctor for more information when you start to recognize some of the signs and symptoms of this disease.
Diabetes Insipidus Signs and Symptoms
There are several signs commonly experienced by people with this type of diabetes. The most common signs in diabetes insipidus patients are excessive urination and excessive thirst. Other signs that may occur include:
- Often want to urinate at night
- Bedwetting with unusual frequency
- Urine that appears watery and faded
- Meanwhile, some of the symptoms below are signs that a child or baby may experience:
- Unusual wet diaper
- Dry skin and cold limbs
- Fever, vomiting or diarrhea
- Weight loss
- Late growth
- Unreasonable fuss or keep crying
There may be signs and symptoms not listed above. So, if you have a concern about a particular symptom then immediately consult this problem with your doctor to get better treatment regarding your condition or those around you.
Causes of Diabetes Insipidius
The occurrence of diabetes insipidius can occur due to disturbances that occur in hormones called hormones antidiuretic (antidiuretic hormone / ADH) where this hormone generally works to regulate the amount of fluid in the body. This hormone is produced by the hypothalamus, which is a special network found in parts of the brain. This hormone is stored by the pituitary gland after being produced by the hypothalamus.
In the body, the pituitary gland will secrete this antidiuteric hormone when the water content in the body is too little. Please note, “Antidiuretic” has the opposite property with “diuresis”. The diuresis itself means the production of urine in the body. This antidiuretic hormone will help retain water in the body and reduce the amount of fluid wasted through the kidney ducts in the form of urine.
Meanwhile, what causes diabetes insipidus can occur is the reduced production of antidiuretic hormones or when the kidneys in the body can no longer respond as usual to antidiuretic hormones. As a result, this condition makes the kidneys release too much fluid that concentrated urine cannot produce. People with this condition will always feel excessively thirsty and consume lots of fluids. This is done to balance the amount of fluid released by the body.
The condition for diabetes insipidus is divided into two main parts, including:
- Cranial Diabetes Insipidus
This type of diabetes insipidus is the most common. This condition is caused by the body not having antidiuretic hormones from the hypothalamus.
- Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
This condition occurs when the body has enough antidiuretic hormone to regulate urine production. It’s just that, the kidneys do not respond well.
Management of Diabetes Insipidus
In the condition of cranial diabetes insipidus, the treatment needed for this condition may not be necessary because this condition is classified as a mild condition. To compensate for the amount of fluid lost and wasted, you need to consume more fluids in a day.
Meanwhile, there are also drugs that function to mimic the role of the antidiuretic hormone desmoppression. If it is necessary, you can take this type of drug. It’s just that, make sure if you consult this matter first with your doctor so that the dose given is safe and precise.
Meanwhile, for nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, the drug used to treat this condition is a thiazide diuretic. This drug will function to reduce the amount of urine produced by the kidneys. For that, you should consult your doctor to get the right dose so that treatment can run optimally.
When Should I See a Doctor?
There are several conditions that you should need doctor’s help when your condition has entered a phase where you urinate frequently and feel thirsty on an excessive and heavy scale. The condition can vary in many people. For this reason, it is very important to discuss this matter with your doctor in order to determine the most appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic method that can be given to you.
In addition, for those of you who have the above signs or symptoms or maybe other questions that are still in doubt. Consultation with a doctor is the most appropriate answer because you will be handled by experts properly.