Have you ever heard the term polymyositis? Do you know this term? Or have you experienced polymyositis?
Most of the people probably don’t know this term yet. This term is of course intended to define an inflammation of the muscles which of course can weaken the performance of muscles in all parts of the body. In most cases, polymyositis occurs in the muscles of the hips, shoulders and thighs. Until the case of polymyositis in the human body, of course it is not certain how to deal with the polymyositis disease.
The causes and symptoms of polymyositis are not yet known with certainty. But of course, you must know what the real cause is and also how to deal with these muscle disorders. For that, we present the causes, symptoms and also how to deal with this polymyositis disease.
What is Polymyositis?
Polymyositis is an inflammation which of course can cause muscle weakness and also an increase in enzyme levels in the muscle bones. Another case with dermatomyositis, this term is used to define the presence of an idiopathic inflammation of myopathy which is of course related to dermatological manifestations. Meanwhile, inclusion body myositis is an idiopathic inflammatory myopathy which of course can develop slowly with a pathological finding which is very common in adult men.
This type of polymyositis disorder occurs in sufferers who find it very difficult to climb stairs, lift objects, reach for objects above and also get up from a sitting position. Polymyositis is most common at the ages of 30, 40 and 50 years. The disease is certainly more common in black people than in white people. In the case of this disease, of course, women will be attacked more often than men.
In the case of polymyositis, the signs and symptoms usually occur gradually over several weeks or even months. Certain conditions can be treated by reducing the risk factors for polymyositis in the human body. To get further treatment, of course you can discuss it with your doctor.
Causes of Polymyositis
Of course, every disease, both acute and chronic, is caused by several factors that we are certainly not aware of. Likewise with the causes of polymyositis in the human body. Although until now it is not certain what causes a person to experience polymyositis. In its characteristics, this disease certainly reflects a close relationship with autoimmune disorders in the human body.
As not many people know, autoimmune disease is a condition in which the human body’s immune system can attack the body’s own muscle tissue. This is because many think that foreign objects are the fault of our immune system. Although it is not certain what causes polymyositis in the human body. But one most important thing, of course, you must still know the characteristics of the disease in order to avoid attacks by the body’s immune system tissue on your own body.
The most common symptom is weakness on both sides of the muscles, both left and right. In this disease, of course, it is the neck muscles that are most susceptible to polymyositis disorders. These muscles are the ones that feel the weakness the most, such as the shoulders and back. Weakness of the muscles affected by polymyositis can occur and also involves muscles close to the body such as the shoulders, hips, thighs, neck and upper arms. Weakness on both sides of this muscle is of course gradual and tends to get worse.
The most common symptom of polymyositis and the most visible is on both sides of the muscle, either left or right. Of course, there are several other conditions that can be signs and symptoms of polymyositis appearing in your body, including:
– Joint pain in several parts of the body such as back, shoulders, neck and pelvis
– Pain and swelling in the muscles
– Due to intense fatigue
– Difficulty swallowing food
– Pretty high fever
– Shortness of breath caused by lung and heart problems
– Body weight tends to decrease
– The eye area is red or purple. Most people actually experience redness on the knees, elbows, knuckles and also on the neck and upper chest.
– Raynaud’s phenomenon is a condition in which the toes and also the middle become very cold and change color due to disturbances in the area of blood flow
– Excessive pain in the muscles
– There are also some people who experience shortness of breath which is very worth watching out for.
Of course, if you are experiencing some of the symptoms we have mentioned above. It would be nice if you visit a doctor to get further treatment so that the condition of polymyositis disease does not get worse.
Risk Factors for Polymyositis
Everyone may be affected by this polymyositis disease. However, there are several criteria that certainly have a high chance of getting polymyositis, including:
– African-American race
– Women are more at risk of this polymyositis disease
– Interstital lung disease
– Old age
– There are several malignant conditions for a disease related to muscles
– The presence of anti-jo-1 (lung disease) and anti-SRP antibodies (serious muscle disease involving the heart)
– Lung and heart disease involvement
– pending examinations and treatments or anything insufficient
– Dysphonia and dysphagia
– Often uses muscles
– People who always work more than their body strength
– People with an unhealthy lifestyle
Those are some risk factors which are certainly a reference and also a whip for us to avoid as much as possible so as not to get worse. Several factors related to our lifestyle and habits that we do, of course we can avoid as best as possible.
Polymyositis Disease Diagnosis
Many think that polymyositis is a disease associated with muscular dystrophy. In general, doctors will diagnose patients who are indicated polymyositis by asking first about their medical history and doing a physical examination. It is not uncommon for doctors to perform a muscle biopsy by taking a sample of muscle tissue and will be examined under a microscope. This examination is certainly one of the steps that can be taken to determine the diagnosis of polymyositis.
In addition, there are several ways to diagnose polymyositis by performing a number of tests, including:
– Creatine phosphokinase (CPK) blood test, which of course can see any damage to the muscles.
– Electromyography is done to see the electrical activity in the muscles.
In addition, there are several steps that can be taken to diagnose polymyositis, such as:
The first diagnosis is of course the doctor will advise you to do a blood test. This blood test of course results in elevated levels of enzymes in muscles such as aldolase and also creatine kinse (CK). In this case, of course, an increase in aldolase and also CK levels can indicate damage to the muscles. In addition, blood tests are also intended to detect certain autoantibodies so that they can determine the most appropriate treatment and treatment.
In this case, of course, a small part of the muscle tissue can be surgically removed for laboratory analysis. This biopsy step can certainly show any abnormalities in the muscles such as infection, inflammation and damage. This step can also be checked for enzyme deficiencies as well as abnormal protein. Usually, a muscle biopsy can show the presence of dead muscle cells, muscle fiber regeneration, degeneration and inflammation.
In this step, of course, the specialist will insert the electrode needle into the muscle through the skin for testing. In this stage, of course, the electrical activity is measured when you tighten and relax the muscles and any changes that can confirm the muscle disease. This step can, of course, determine the distribution of the presence of disease by testing various muscle performances.
MRI (Magnetic Resonase Imaging)
MRI is done to look for signs of muscle inflammation. In this case, of course, the scanner can display cross-sectional images of the muscles. This data can be generated by the presence of a strong magnetic field and radio waves. Unlike a muscle biopsy, an MRI can of course see any inflammation that occurs in a large area of the muscle.
Polymyositis Treatment What You Can Do
Although there is nothing definite in treating polymyositis. But of course the treatment is used to improve muscle function and strength. The more treatment is carried out by people with polymyositis, of course, the more effective the treatment can be to prevent the number of complications from becoming smaller. Of course, it doesn’t hurt for you to keep trying various ways to get the best treatment. Based on the response and symptoms, of course the doctor will adjust the type and treatment strategy for people with polymyositis, including:
The first treatment that can be done is by giving drugs that are commonly given such as;
– Corticosteroid-sparing agent
This type of drug is of course a combination with corticosteroids. This type of drug can of course have the potential to reduce the dose and also the side effects of corticosteroids. The two types of drugs most commonly used for people with polymyositis are methotrexate (trexall) and also azathioprine (Azasan, Imuran).
– Rituximab (Rituxan)
The second drug is of course for treating rheumatoid arthritis. In addition, rituximab is also an option if initial therapy is not sufficient to control polymyositis symptoms.
Further drugs that are often used for people with polymyositis such as prednisone. This is an effective drug that can be used. However, do not use this drug for a long enough period of time because it will have serious enough side effects that the doctor will reduce the dose gradually.
Apart from using drugs, you can also do various therapies to relieve the following symptoms:
– Speech therapy
Why include speech therapy as one of the steps that can be used for treatment? This is because if your swallowing muscles have weakened, it is possible for you to have difficulty speaking. For this reason, talk therapy is highly recommended for you to adjust for this change.
– Physical therapy
Apart from speech therapy, of course physical therapy can also be done to maintain and also increase flexibility and muscle strength in the body. In this case, of course, you can suggest an activity level in accordance with the treatment you can do.
– Dietary assessment
This step is certainly a further step from polymyositis. This is because swallowing as well as chewing can make it more difficult for you. This step is certainly very useful for you to train you to prepare food and drinks that you can consume.
Those are some things you should know about polymyositis, its causes, symptoms and how to treat people with polymyositis. Hope it is useful!