Inflammation of the lining of the brain or meningitis not only affects adults but can affect children. To better recognize meningitis in children, in this article, we will explain the characteristics of children who have bites, when you should worry and need medical assistance. In addition, regarding the prevention and treatment of children who suffer from bites.
How is meningitis in children?
Most children who develop meningitis are five years old. Children with meningitis develop inflammation of the membranes and swell. Some of these conditions will get better on their own, but if left untreated, they often cause serious and worsening complications in children with meningitis.
Meningitis in children can be contagious, this is because microorganisms are easily transmitted. If you get late treatment, it will cause serious conditions, even paralysis and mental disorders. Meningitis disease will be transmitted through the mucus and saliva of children suffering from meningitis. Especially when the child is sneezing, talking, coughing or laughing. Even transmission can occur from eating and drinking together with sufferers.
Transmission of infectious disease is very easy, so parents must be vigilant. Items that are used by children who are suffering from dripping, such as used towels or tissues can be a medium for transmission to children. Children who suffer from bitis will transmit the disease as long as they still show these symptoms. Even meningitis sufferers can transmit the bacteria after taking antibiotics for about 24 hours from the meningitis drug administration.
Is meningitis dangerous in children?
Meningitis is a serious disease, an infection experienced by a child who has bites can reach the brain tissue and even damage the brain. This is because the cause is a microorganism that is easy to attack. The causes of meningitis in children are divided into two:
1. Viral Meningitis
Viral meningitis is caused by several viruses. In the case of children suffering from viral meningitis it is difficult to treat even using antibiotics. Viral meningitis often occurs in the summer, although it usually does not cause a child to suffer serious or destructive illness.
2. Bacterial meningitis
Bacterial meningitis is very common in children. Although it can be treated using antibiotics, sometimes it will have an impact on brain damage, multiple disabilities, mental disorders and paralysis. The prevention of meningitis in children is done in infancy by giving him the prevnar vaccine to protect against pneumococcus.
When viewed from the cause, the most dangerous meningitis is meningitis which is caused by bacteria which can cause children who have meningitis bacteria to experience brain damage, mental disorders, multiple disabilities and even paralysis. However, it does not mean that meningitis caused by viruses is harmless, it is just as dangerous child health. So it is important for parents to know the symptoms that indicate a child has a bacterial or viral infection to get early treatment.
When should you be concerned about your child’s condition suspected of having an infection?
In children who are attacked by viruses or bacterial meningitis, they will experience health problems. Basically a common health problem and is often ignored. To help you, here are the early symptoms that you should recognize when your child has microorganisms that cause miningitis:
1. Child has fever up to 39 degrees
Fever often has many causes, but for children who have meningitis, the symptoms of fever are almost similar to flu symptoms. Even children will experience colds, coughs, vomiting and accompanied by diarrhea which indicates the bacteria incubate for 2-14 days.
The child will experience painful dizziness caused by the inflamed lining of the brain. Even children are more sensitive to light.
3. Loss of appetite
One of the symptoms of meningitis in children is a loss of appetite so that children who do not want to eat then experience a yellow discoloration of the skin and even become fussy and experience seizures.
4. Neck pain and stiffness
Children with meningitis often complain of pain and stiffness. However, this does not apply to children who have pain in the throat in front of the neck. Generally will complain on the back of the neck. Even when the child looks down and sees the stomach hurts more and more. When this layer is infected, it will become more inflamed and cause more severe pain.
The symptoms experienced by a child who is infected with gynecology are almost the same as for minor health problems. Meanwhile, the most specific symptoms of meningitis are when your child experiences stiffness in the neck. However, if your child has some symptoms that lead to meningitis it is necessary to check it out. For example, when your child experiences severe headaches accompanied by fever and vomiting, a doctor’s examination will help to diagnose your child’s illness. The doctor will consider the symptoms that occur in children, whether it is a severe flu or meningitis. The doctor will recommend using a spinal tap even though it is very risky for a child who has a spinal tap.
How to prevent and treat meningitis in children?
Prevention can be done by giving vaccines as babies. Usually using HiB / pneumocukus immunization. Apart from giving vaccines, you must pay attention to maintaining hygiene related to washing hands before touching food or avoiding touching the mouth and nose when children’s hands are dirty.
Next, avoid direct contact with children who are sick. This is because meningitis can be transmitted through mucus or mucus which can unwittingly attack healthy children. Finally, avoid using the same eating utensils as the patient for arthritis in children.
Children who have meningitis can recover without treatment, but the disease will develop more severely and cause complications if the recovery is not complete. Especially if the cause of meningitis in children is bacteria, treatment must be done immediately to reduce the risk of permanent brain damage.
The treatment is carried out, namely by examining the doctor, then it will be advisable to use a medical test that can find out the infection, here are the steps to be taken:
1. Blood test
The doctor will take blood tests and laboratory tests to find out whether the blood is overgrown by microorganisms or not.
2. Imaging Test
This test uses x-rays and CT-scans to perform an examination of the head, chest or sinuses.
3. Spinal tap
Diagnosis using cerebrospinal fluid, if a child suffering from gynecology will show an increase in the number of white blood cells and low sugar levels.