Breech birth is closely related to the position of the baby in the womb. Generally, at 28 weeks of gestation the fetus can still move freely while entering gestational age 34-36 the fetus is already in the pelvic cavity. In the normal position that fills the pelvic cavity is the head while in the breech position the pelvis, legs or head of the baby are filled.
The new breech position was discovered after a doctor’s examination at gestational age 34 weeks. To ensure the condition of the fetus, the doctor will use a repeat examination through Ultrasonography (USG). So that before delivery the baby’s head is above so that at delivery the baby’s bottom or feet will come out first. Every breech pregnancy is not all in the same position. The breech position can be differentiated based on the position that fills the pelvic cavity.
The following are breech positions divided into 3 types, namely:
- Frank breech, where the position of the fetal buttocks is below while the legs are above, almost touching the ears. This position is almost parallel to the shoulders or head. Breech position like this is often found in almost 70% of breech deliveries in pregnant women with breech fetuses.
- Incomplete breech, where the breech is not perfect where the fetal leg is above the other leg in the down position.
- Complete breech, which is a perfect breech with the buttocks of the fetus above the cervix while the legs are perfectly folded. This position at a glance is like a squatting position.
After knowing the definition of a breech position for the fetus, you are still wondering what one of the factors that causes breech is heredity. Until this article was written, it was not stated that breech is a hereditary factor that will repeat itself, but if you have something in common with your family, for example, your pelvis is narrow, which encourages the fetus to change position which causes breech.
Other factors that can cause breech include twin fetuses causing the position of the fetus in the week before delivery, a history of mothers who have given birth to premature babies, then the factors that cause breech baby position are too much amniotic fluid or experiencing placenta previa, which is a birth canal that reduces space in the uterus so that the baby circling triggers a breech position.
Thus, for those of you who are worried about the birth of a breech baby because you have a history of breech, you don’t need to worry. You can prevent the factors that cause breech birth as described above by detecting breech presentation when doing a physical examination to determine the location of the head before delivery. Risk risk of childbirth normal in the breech position will be higher than the baby in the normal position so the doctor will suggest a cesarean section although each condition will be different. We recommend that you consult your doctor and always have your pregnancy checked.