In general, pelvic narrowness is divided into four groups, namely narrowness of the upper pelvis, narrowness of the lower pelvic area, narrowness that occurs in the lower pelvis or a combination of narrowness of the upper pelvic door, the middle and the lower part of the pelvis. A narrow pelvis can be suffered by pregnant women who get several health risks related to pelvic bone growth, spinal abnormalities such as hunchbacks, an abnormality in the shape of the lumbar spine, besides that for women who have had inflammation of the bones it can make the condition worse in the pelvis. and several other conditions related to joint defects in the thighbone and abnormalities experienced by pregnant women in the shape of the legs. Although it is rare, the condition of pregnant women who have a height of less than 145cm can be at risk of having a narrow pelvis.
Some women who have a narrow pelvis become worried about the condition of the baby’s development, here are the effects of a narrow pelvis on pregnancy and childbirth:
A. At the time of pregnancy
- Several conditions will result in circulatory disorders or primi gravida fundus due to obstructed fetal head.
- The baby’s head has difficulty descending during the month of labor, although some conditions the baby’s head can drop nearer to some labor.
- There is a risk of causing a breech position in the baby.
- In general, babies born to mothers who have a narrow pelvis are smaller than their normal weight.
B. At Delivery
- Occurrence of labor that is longer than normal delivery of other pregnant women
- There was a disturbance at the opening
- Your water breaks prematurely
Although the pelvic cavity is one of the factors in determining normal delivery, the success of normal delivery is also supported by the strength of the mother to push and then the weight of the fetus, the position of the fetus before delivery, the condition of the mother to give birth, including the mother’s age at delivery and medical history. Therefore, pregnant women who have a small stage do not need to worry about the possibility of getting a normal delivery as long as the baby’s head is perfectly located in the pelvic cavity, especially if the size of the baby’s head and body is smaller. So that if the mother’s condition is ready with the supporting factors for normal delivery (the ability to push, good health conditions without a history of disease) and the fetus is smaller than the pelvic condition, she can perform a normal delivery. Caesarean section will be performed if labor is not progressing (there is no development in the condition of the mother and fetus at delivery) and the pelvis size is smaller than the baby’s weight.
Although a narrow pelvis cannot be prevented because it is a genetic disorder, you can calm down by taking the following steps:
- Checking the midwife or doctor to see the development of the fetus with a narrow pelvic condition.
- You can control your weight by reducing the consumption of sweet snacks that are at risk of giving birth to a large baby
- Doing pregnancy exercises or sports that are good for pregnant women with the aim of strengthening physically and maintaining health
- Perform examination in the next pregnancy if there is a narrow pelvis in the first pregnancy.