Asthma can attack people of all ages, including children. Asthma in children if a relapse will certainly interfere with playtime, other activities, and even sleep time. Asthma in children will make it difficult for sufferers to breathe. This disease can recur at any time, especially if exposed to the triggers of the disease.
What Symptoms Do Children Show?
Asthma symptoms exhibited by children may be similar to symptoms of respiratory disease. This is what makes most parents unaware that their child has asthma. Asthma treatment that is done is not fast and precise, it will make asthma worse. The overall health of the child can also be affected.
Not all children show the same asthma symptoms. Symptoms that arise will tend to be irregular. Sometimes allergens become one of the triggers of asthma attacks in children. Here are some symptoms of asthma commonly exhibited by children:
Asthma in children can be characterized by symptoms such as cough that appear incessantly. This cough will be worse at night, no wonder the child’s sleep time is disturbed. Apart from this, asthma in children can also be indicated by children who often cough when playing, laugh and even cry.
Wheezing or wheezing is a frequent symptom of childhood asthma. Wheezing will be heard when the child inhales and when exhaling. This condition can occur due to narrowing of the airways, a result of inflammation of the airways of people with asthma.
Get tired quickly
If the child quickly feels tired between activities, it could be a symptom of asthma. This fatigue is caused by disruption of the child’s sleep at night, which is caused by shortness of breath. The decreased quality of sleep for children can cause the child’s energy to quickly decrease when doing activities.
Shortness of breath is usually caused by the child being too tired. This is a trigger for shortness of breath or asthma attacks that occur in children. Not infrequently, conditions like this will make children afraid to do many activities.
First aid asthma symptoms in children
If the child displays asthma symptoms, you should do first aid at home to deal with bad things that happen. Here is the first aid you can do:
- Keep children away from things that can trigger asthma, such as pollution, or items that can trigger asthma allergies.
- Ask the child to sit and be quiet. Allow the child to relax, teach the child to take a deep breath. You should avoid children from reactions or responses that make children even more panicked at night. Parents must be more calm, so that children can also be calmer.
- Use loose children’s clothes.
- Give me the inhaler. Teach the child to inhale the inhaler twice with pauses for two minutes, until the child feels better.
- If an inhaler is not available, give the child a drink with warm water.
- Immediately take the child to the doctor.
What causes asthma in children?
There are several factors that cause children to suffer from asthma. Here are the points.
- Children have allergies to things, such as food, dust and polluted environments.
- There are families who have a history of asthma.
- Respiratory tract infection
- Low birth weight
- Chronic skin problems, such as eczema
- Being exposed to cigarette smoke either before or after birth
Prevent asthma in children
If the child has allergies that can trigger an asthma attack, such as dust, food, certain animals and plants. It’s best to keep these triggers out of reach of children. In addition, you must routinely check the child’s condition to the doctor. If visiting an area filled with pollution and heavy smoking, cover the child’s mouth and nose with a clean mask or cloth.
Always use a mask when going out of the house. The inhaler should always be available in the bag. Never ignore the signs of asthma in children, because this can be fatal if not treated immediately.
When can the symptoms of asthma in children be diagnosed?
Asthma suffered by children will be a little difficult to diagnose, this is because:
- Symptoms of childhood asthma such as wheezing and coughing are very common in children, especially children under 3 years of age.
- Pulmonary function tests performed with spirometry will usually work optimally in children aged 5 years and over.
In many cases, doctors usually can only diagnose asthma when a child is more than 5 years old. In children aged 5 and under, doctors will rely on the information described by the parents regarding the child’s symptoms. That is why parents are very important and the main key, to help doctors understand the symptoms of asthma in children.
It is important that you consult a doctor immediately if your child has asthma symptoms. Early diagnosis and proper treatment can prevent various disturbances in children’s daily activities, such as playing, exercise and sleeping. This method can also prevent asthma attacks in children that are dangerous, even life threatening.
Foods that children with asthma should avoid
As parents, we must be selective in choosing the food consumed by children. Choose foods that can control asthma by preventing symptoms from recurring. However, there are several types of foods that should be avoided for people with asthma. What are the types of food? Let us consider the following points.
Sulfites are chemical compounds found in food and beverages. Sulfites contained in food or drinks can increase the recurrence of asthma in children. Foods that contain sulfites include dried fruit, shrimp, packaged grape juice, and wine.
Foods that contain gas
Foods that contain gas can increase the pressure on the diaphragm. This can cause tightness in the chest and trigger asthma to recur. Foods that contain lots of gas include cabbage, nuts, and soft drinks.
Fast food contains chemical preservatives, flavorings and dyes that are often found. Some children who have asthma may be sensitive or allergic to types of fast food. You should avoid this type of food for children.
Children who have certain types of allergies are especially at risk for allergic reactions that are similar to asthma symptoms. Foods that can trigger allergies include wheat, dairy products, seafood and many more.
Foods that are good for children with asthma
The following types of food are good for consumption by children with asthma.
- Food Sources Rich in Omega 3 Fatty Acids. Examples include chia seeds, walnuts, salmon, tuna and sardines.
- Food Sources of Vitamin D. For example salmon and eggs.
- Food Sources of Vitamin A. Examples include sweet potatoes, carrots, spinach, broccoli and kale.
- Magnesium rich food sources
- Fruit Spel
- Berry fruit
Hope it is useful.