In the 12th century AD, an incurable wound on the leg known as LUPULA was found, then it grew so that it was found to be part of the disease lupus. Lupus is not a skin disease but a disease related to an abnormal immune system. In a normal immune system, the immune system will help protect the body from viruses, bacteria, germs that come from outside the body. Meanwhile, people with lupus will experience an overload of immunity which causes attacks on their own body, known as autoimmune health disorders.
Lupus disease will cause inflammation of the body’s organs besides causing health problems in the patient’s body, including diseases of the lungs, heart, joints, brain, blood and even other body parts that may be attacked by the immune system that attacks the body.
In a body condition that is attacked by lupus, it can cause inflammation so that it can not only be seen from the symptoms of the rash on the face of the skin in the shape of a butterfly, but other organs called systematic diseases. While lupus that affects the skin alone is called cutaneous lupus and is less dangerous than systematic lupus.
Lupus can affect both men and women, but it affects women more often. The ratio of lupus between men and women is 1: 9. So that lupus disease mostly affects women than men. Lupus sufferers are only discovered when lupus is chronic so that the cure is difficult and even inflammation that endangers health has been found.
At this time, the team of RHodes24 through this article will provide information about how to detect lupus early on. So that it will help in providing anticipation of the highest risk factors for lupus. The following are ways.The following are ways that can be done to recognize the symptoms of lupus disease:
Early Symptoms of Lupus
In patients with lupus, their initial symptoms are not known. Generally, patients come to the doctor and tell them the symptoms that have arisen. Symptoms that appear will vary even though you have the same history of lupus.
In some cases of lupus, when observed from the initial symptoms, high body temperature changes can occur. Then there are also patients with lupus who complain of sore joints, and even experience prolonged mouth sores that make it difficult to heal. There are also those who have early symptoms seen from changes in skin color that turn red.
Skin that is red when exposed to the sun and on the cheeks has patches. Even the initial symptoms suffered by lupus sufferers can also be triggered by the drugs used in the treatment. In women, the signs of lupus are only known during pregnancy or even when entering early pregnancy. However, there are also patients affected by lupus who cannot remember the specific factors that cause lupus.
Lupus disease will attack the organs so that it cannot be known if it is a symptom of a certain organ disease or a symptom of lupus. Sometimes vague symptoms can come or disappear. The diagnosis must be carried out in stages to find out the patient’s work history so that it can be combined with laboratory tests and then carried out to determine immunity.
Symptoms of Lupus
Symptoms of lupus vary, but can be recognized by the presence of red spots on the body of people with lupus. Lupus sufferers will experience a rash that gets worse when exposed to sunlight. In general, the symptoms of lupus are divided into two, namely general symptoms and symptoms that occur in the affected organ. Odapus will experience different symptoms from other lupus sufferers.
In the symptoms of people with lupus, 95% experience pain in the joints. Meanwhile, 90% had a high fever up to 38 degrees Celsius and experienced swelling in the joints. Furthermore, 81% experienced prolonged fatigue followed by skin rashes in 74%. Even the symptoms of lupus sufferers will experience anemia with a percentage of 71%.
Furthermore, other symptoms are kidney disorders (50%), deep chest pain (45%), experiencing butterfly rash on the face (42%), experiencing sensitivity to sunlight (30%), hair loss (27%) then experiencing abnormal blood disorders (20%), experiencing white and blue fingers (17%), having a stroke (15%), mouth sores (12%) and often experiencing loss of appetite (60%).
Detecting Lupus Disease
After knowing the symptoms associated with lupus, you should consult your doctor to get early treatment so that it doesn’t get worse. Especially if you have a family history of lupus. The doctor will suggest to carry out an examination by diagnosing the disease by conducting laboratory tests including:
- Perform an anti nuclear antibody (ANA) test. Anti-nucler antibody examination aims to determine auto antibodies in the blood.
- Anti double stranded DNA examination (Anti ds DNA examination). This examination aims to determine which patients have antibodies to the genetic material contained in the cells.
- Anti-Sm Antibody check. The aim of the anti-Sm antibody examination is to determine the antibodies contained in Sm contained in the core protein cells.
- Examination of the presence of immune complexes in the patient’s body
- Examination in testing for total serum complement. The purpose of this examination is to increase the specific level values of C3 and C4, namely two types of protein.
- LE cell examination (LE cell prep). Tests to determine the presence of certain types of cells affected by antibodies in the cell nucleus layer although this test is rarely performed compared to anti nuclear antibody tests.
- Supporting Checks. Furthermore, a complete examination in the form of thrombocytes, leukocytes, then routine urine, antibodies, kidney biopsy and skin biopsy.
Lupus disease that is difficult to diagnose is systemic lupus. Systemic lupus is a multi-system disease, making it difficult to diagnose. In addition, lupus does not develop rapidly so that symptoms will appear and develop in sufferers. Even systemic lupus will mimic many types of diseases. Even systematic lupus disease even though you have done a positive ANA laboratory test does not necessarily have lupus.
Meanwhile, to determine systematic lupus disease medical experts must collect data, at least 4 lupus symptoms are found and supported by laboratory tests. So that it can be found whether the patient has lupus or not.