Breast-fed children had an IQ score on average seven to ten points higher than formula-fed babies. So if you want to raise the intelligence level of an entire generation of children, breastfeeding will be a simple and cost-effective way to do it. Research has shown that breastfed children get higher grades in school.
Before knowing the reasons why breast milk can increase a child’s IQ, there is nothing wrong with knowing the process of breastfeeding so that it becomes a very useful fluid for child development. Even breast milk has a content that is more complete than formula milk. Here is the process of making breast milk in the body.
The process of making breast milk in the body
Lactation system in your breast that resembles a tree. The mammary glands (leaves) are a group of grapelike cells high up in the breast that make milk. Milk travels from these glands down through the milk ducts (branches). These ducts then expand under the areola (the dark area that surrounds the nipple), forming the milk sinuses (tree trunk), which then empties into about twenty openings in your nipple (like a channel down to the root of a tree). These milk sinuses are located beneath your areola.
To empty these milk sinuses effectively, your baby’s gums need to be on top of them so that the baby’s jaw compresses the sinuses where the milk is being collected. If the baby sucks only on your nipple, only a small amount of milk will be drawn out, and your nipple will be unnecessarily irritated. The baby sucks on the areola, not the nipple. The baby has to adapt to your areola in his mouth to get milk out.
Your baby’s suction stimulates the nerves in your nipples that send messages to the pituitary gland in your brain to secrete the hormone prolactin. The prolactin surge encourages continued milk production, which occurs in about minutes. As your baby continues to suck, sensors in your nipples signal the pituitary gland to secrete another hormone, oxytocin.
This hormone causes the elastic tissue around each of the many mammary glands to contract, squeezing a large supply of milk through the milk ducts into the sinuses and out the nipple. This is called the milk ejection reflux, or MER. The milk comes out so fast that it leaks out the side of your baby’s mouth. If you are pumping or expressing by hand, you will see milk spray coming out in all directions.
The first milk your baby receives each time your baby sucks is foremilk, which is thin like skim milk due to its low fat content. As the baby continues to suck, more oxytocin brings in the second phase, squeezing out the milk later (called hindmilk), which is much higher in fat and slightly higher in protein and, therefore, helps the baby gain weight and helps the baby’s stomach feel full.
The more milk that is removed from your breasts, the more milk your body makes to replace it. Meanwhile, when your baby is less breastfeeding, the body responds by reducing milk production. This applies to the supply and demand for the milk production system, the more often the baby sucks, the more the mother produces milk.
Breast milk can increase IQ
Despite the intellectual differences between breast milk and formula-fed children used to be associated with increased interactions associated with breastfeeding and the fact that breastfeeding mothers are more educated and / or more child-centered, new evidence suggests that there is an interplay between breastfeeding and development. the brain from the nutrients in breast milk that promote brain growth.
One of the main ingredients in breast milk is a brain boosting fat called DHA (docasahexaenoic acid), an omega-3 fatty acid. DHA is an essential nutrient for growth, development and maintenance of brain tissue. Autopsy analysis of brain tissue from breast milk and infant formula showed that the brains of breastfed babies had higher concentrations of DHA, and the DHA levels were highest in babies who were breastfed the longest.
To ensure that babies are getting enough nutrients for their developing brains, it is very important that nursing mothers get enough DHA in a nursing mother’s diet. Rich sources of DHA are fish, especially salmon and tuna. Increasing DHA consumption will benefit maternal health as well.
Cholesterol is another fat necessary for optimal brain development. Breast milk contains a lot of cholesterol, while current formulas do not contain the same. “Low cholesterol” may be good news for an adult’s diet, but not for babies – cholesterol provides a basic component for the manufacture of neural tissue in the developing brain.
DHA, cholesterol and other breast milk fats provide the proper substances for the manufacture of myelin, the fat layer that surrounds nerve fibers. Meanwhile, myelin can be isolated, so it can carry nerves to convey information from one part of the brain or body to another. So it is important that DHA builds brain development, that if the mother’s consumption does not provide enough of them for breast milk, then the breasts can produce it.
Lactose content is the main sugar contained in breast milk. The body breaks it down into two simple sugars – glucose and galactose. Galactose is a valuable nutrient for the development of brain tissue. Researchers have shown that larger species have greater amounts of lactose in their milk, and breast milk contains one of the highest concentrations of lactose of any mammal milk. Cow’s milk and cow’s milk formula contain lactose, but not as much as breast milk. Soy based and other lactose free formulas contain no lactose at all, only sugar and also corn syrup.
During your baby’s first two years, the brain grows rapidly, and baby’s daily experiences shape brain growth. Brain cells, called neurons, develop and connect with each other. When babies interact with their environment, the baby’s brain will make new connections. This is because breast milk is digested more quickly, breastfed babies eat more frequently and therefore may interact with their caregivers more frequently. Breastfeeding itself, by touching the skin of the mother and baby so as to maintain inner contact between mother and child. The variation in milk flow and closeness between mother and baby is, usually a more engaging, more interactive experience than bottle feeding. This is a natural way to ensure that babies get the stimulation they need for optimal benefits from breast milk and also support brain development.