Skin baby still sensitive so they are prone to problems, such as the appearance of red spots or rashes on the baby’s skin. Although common, it is important to get a proper diagnosis from a doctor. Because not all red spots are natural for babies. Red spots can be a symptom of a disease.
Red spots on baby’s skin can be quite difficult to distinguish, whether due to prickly heat, insect bites or other more serious conditions. If the red spots on the baby’s skin appear without any other symptoms, it is possible that the baby has a mild rash that will disappear on its own after proper treatment. However, if other symptoms appear, you should be more vigilant. The following are red spots on baby’s skin that are natural and should be watched out for.
Common Red Spots on Baby’s Skin
These red spots on the skin of babies are common. But even so, it must still be considered. The reason is, if the situation gets worse, the time is lost and the baby is fussy, it is necessary to consult a doctor. Here are common conditions that can cause the appearance of red spots on baby’s skin.
Diaper rash is a condition where there is inflammation of the baby’s skin in the area covered by the diaper. Generally this situation occurs in the buttocks area. The skin of a baby who has a rash will look reddish. This condition occurs due to skin reactions that are in constant contact with feces and urine. Generally, babies who use diapers have experienced this problem. Diaper rash is common and should not be dangerous. Even so, diaper rash will make your baby uncomfortable so your little one will tend to fuss.
Diaper rash will generally occur during the first two years of your little one, especially when the baby is 9 months to 1 year old. As long as your little one is wearing diapers this rash can recur. Some of the symptoms that indicate that your little one is experiencing diaper rash are:
- The baby’s skin becomes red, especially on the buttocks, thighs, groin and around the genitals.
- The baby becomes fussy, for example, crying when the part covered by the diaper is cleaned or touched.
If your little one’s skin condition does not improve even though you have given treatment, you should check your baby to a doctor. Because the problem of diaper rash can lead to infection, so it requires a prescription drug.
Take your little one to the doctor immediately if she has a spreading diaper rash accompanied by fever. In addition, some other symptoms to watch out for are skin pus and blisters, and excessive drowsiness. (Also read: Movement of the Baby Towards Labor )
Prickly heat occurs when sweat gets trapped under the skin due to a blockage in the baby’s pores. This situation can be caused by hot room conditions, exposure to hot weather or your little one wearing thick clothes. When babies have this problem, red spots usually appear and spread in the neck, chest, armpits, elbow creases and groin. The red spots that appear will itch, so don’t be surprised if your little one feels uncomfortable.
Compared to adults, babies and children are more prone to prickly heat, because babies have small skin pores.
Prickly heat is common in babies. You can treat prickly heat in babies by avoiding the baby from overheating or choosing the right clothes. If the prickly heat experienced by your little one gets worse, you should immediately take your little one to the doctor.
Acne that occurs in babies is a common condition, but the cause itself has not been determined. Acne that appears in babies is certainly different from acne that appears in adults. Acne in babies is a small red or white lump on the cheek, forehead or nose area. Acne in babies usually appears about 2 to 4 weeks after the baby is born.
This skin problem is usually temporary, in some cases this problem can go away on its own. In some babies, acne lasts longer, while in some babies it goes away in a matter of weeks.
Do not use any anti-acne products, because the baby’s skin is still sensitive so it is feared that acne can get worse and cause irritation. You can take your little one to the doctor to get the right treatment.
Serious Red Spots On Baby’s Skin
Red spots on a baby’s skin are generally harmless. However, there are several causes that you should be aware of. The following are serious conditions that cause rash in babies:
The cause of chicken pox is a virus characterized by red spots like mosquito bites. Over time the red spots will fill with fluid and feel very itchy, and can even spread throughout the body. In addition, this condition is often accompanied by fever for a short time.
This skin disease can be transmitted from the broken fluid. If your baby has this skin condition, then immediately consult a doctor to get the right treatment. After a few days, the scar will usually dry out and won’t spread to other people. Chickenpox can be prevented with chickenpox vaccine.
Eczema is a skin problem that often occurs in babies from newborns until they are a year old. This situation will cause the appearance of a rash on the baby’s skin so that the skin will appear red spots, scaly, itchy, sometimes even painful. If the skin is constantly scratched it can cause irritation to the skin or even cause scarring.
This skin disease can occur in any part of the body, it’s just that it appears more frequently on the wrists, neck, ankles, feet, buttocks and folds of the knees or elbows.
Eczema that is often experienced by babies is atopic dermatitis. This situation is triggered by things that have allergen properties or chemical substances that can irritate the skin, such as dust, mites, animal hair or detergents. The symptoms of this problem can be reduced by using drugs recommended by doctors to keep the skin moisturised.
Fifth disease or also known as fifth disease is a viral infection whose symptoms are characterized by fever. Then a red spot will appear on the cheek area after one week and around the mouth is pale. The rash can spread all over the body and even to the palms or soles of the feet. This skin problem can occur for 1 to three weeks. (See also: Are Birthmarks Are Red In Babies? )
Cellulitis and Impetigo
Cellulitis is an infection that occurs on the skin due to the Streptococcus bacteria, as a result, red spots that feel hot and swollen will appear. Even this condition is sometimes accompanied by fever. This situation must be treated immediately so that the infection does not spread quickly.
Another skin problem caused by the Streptococcus or Staphylococcus bacteria is impetigo, which enters through open pores due to wounds. At first a red spot will appear, but then
it swells and if you keep scratching it it will break. The liquid that comes out will spread bacteria if you keep scratching it. The sores that appear due to the rupture of red spots that form elastic will develop for 4 or 6 days, then dry out and form a scab. If your little one has this condition, take him to the doctor immediately.
Morbili is a skin disease caused by the morbili virus. Babies who don’t get the vaccine have a higher risk of getting measles. Symptoms include high fever accompanied by runny nose, cough, inflammation of the eyes and the appearance of red spots all over the body, especially on the face and neck of your little one. The red spots usually appear about 2 to 4 days after the symptoms subside and will last for 3 days and slowly disappear.
You must be aware of this disease because it will cause complications. Complications that can occur include inflammation of the brain, inflammation of the middle ear, and can affect other body systems such as the kidneys, eyes, skin and respiratory tract.
Roseola infantum is an infectious disease that occurs in infants and toddlers. Symptoms that appear are high fever, as well as the appearance of a rash on your little one’s skin after the fever drops. This skin disease is caused by human herpesvirus 6. Outbreaks of this disease can be seasonal in nature, and can even spread in certain environments. This disease usually occurs in babies aged 6 months to 3 years old.
Symptoms of roseola infantum begin about 5 to 15 days after infection. Fever can start suddenly ranging from 39.5 to 40.5 degrees Celsius. Fever may last 3 to 5 days.
About 5 to 15 percent of children have seizures, due to high fever, especially if the fever increases rapidly. Some children also experience stomach pain or runny nose. Enlargement will occur in the lymph nodes on the back of the head, behind the ears and the sides of the neck. Children who have this disease will develop a rash after the fever drops. The rash can be red and flat. The rash can occur on the abdomen and chest, not too large on the arms, face and legs.
Meningitis is inflammation that occurs in the protective membranes of the brain and spinal cord. The causes are viruses, bacteria or fungi. This disease will cause a purple rash on the baby’s skin. Signs of meningitis in babies include:
- The baby becomes unresponsive
- Throw up
- Baby won’t eat
- The skin becomes pale
- The baby’s neck and body are stiff
- There is swelling of the crown of the baby
- The baby is limp
A purple or red rash appears that does not fade when pressed with a glass
If your little one shows the symptoms above, consult a doctor immediately because this situation is a serious condition that has a high risk of causing disability or even death.
Although some rash that occurs in babies is not a serious problem, it is advisable to check with a doctor to get a diagnosis, as well as proper and safe treatment for babies. This is even more so if the rash is accompanied by other symptoms. Those are red spots on baby’s skin that are natural and must be watched out for. Hope it is useful.
This article is reviewed by Midwife Pevi Revina sTR. Keb