What happens if a pregnant woman gets chickenpox?
For pregnant women the virus can cause serious complications for their health as well as for the health of the fetus. For example, about one in 10 pregnant women with smallpox develop pneumonia (a respiratory disorder caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses). The effect of smallpox on the fetus depends on the age of your womb. So it is important for you to check your health condition when you have chickenpox immediately. The risk of smallpox in pregnancy depends on the age of your pregnancy. Here are some of the possibilities:
1. If chickenpox occurs before 20 weeks of pregnancy, your fetus will be threatened with miscarriage or a baby premature birth. Baby defects can occur in the form of skin disorders, abnormalities in the fingers or eyes or it can occur in the digestive tract.
2. If smallpox occurs at 20 weeks of gestation, the fetus will be safe because it has received antibodies from the mother. Even so, you have to keep your nutritional intake considering that lack of appetite will increase twice as much as other normal pregnant women. This is because rashes may appear near your mouth
3. If chicken pox occurs at gestational age third trimester or your baby is born at the age of 2-4 days and is exposed to chickenpox will threaten his health. Therefore, newborns should be immunized immediately or known as vericella zoster Immune Globulin (VZIG). it is declared safe because it has gained immunity.
How to treat smallpox in pregnant women
You can use paracetamol to treat pain and fever associated with chickenpox. You can also use calamine lotion to reduce itchy spots. Try to drink lots of fluids and get plenty of rest. Consult with your doctor, generally the doctor will give acyclovir, an anti-viral treatment. This will reduce fever and other symptoms. Acyclovir must be taken within 24 hours of developing a rash for it to work. Acyclovir should only be prescribed by a specialist. In addition, you can maintain the condition by always wearing a jacket when going to travel, using clothes that absorb sweat to avoid itching mixed with your sweat. It is generally recommended to use some ointments that can reduce itching especially if you wake up frequently at night.