Definition of Measles in Children
Measles in children is a disease that shows symptoms such as a rash all over the body. This condition is very contagious. Measles in children can lead to more serious complications, even very disturbing. In general, symptoms of measles in children can appear for one to two weeks after the body is infected.
Causes of measles
The disease is caused by a highly contagious virus. The virus that causes this disease can survive in the air and on surfaces for more than 2 hours. That is why, if you touch an object that has been splashed by a person infected with this virus, you can become infected.
This virus can also be transmitted by an infected person for about 4 days. Prior to the onset of symptoms up to four days after symptoms began to subside. If this disease is not treated promptly, it can cause endemic disease. As it causes many deaths, especially among children who lack nutritional intake.
What are the symptoms?
Measles is a disease caused by a virus. The appearance of a rash all over the body is a very contagious symptom. Here are the common measles symptoms.
- Red eyes and sensitive to light
- Symptoms are similar to runny nose, dry cough, sore throat and runny nose.
- The body is easily limp and tired
- High fever
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Small white patches on the mouth and throat area
Measles risk factors
In general, transmission of measles can occur through droplets of liquid from a person with measles that come out when sneezing and coughing. Anyone who is splashed with the liquid will become infected with measles. The measles virus is able to survive for several hours and stick to objects. In fact, measles infects children under the age of five or toddlers more often.
A person will be susceptible to this virus if he has not received the measles vaccination. This disease is a disease that must be watched out for. Although the number of people with measles is not too many. Complications caused by this virus in general are bronchitis, lung infections and brain infections.
A person will easily be at risk for complications if:
- Infants under one year of age
- People who have had previous chronic diseases
- People who have a weak immune system
Brown spots and rashes will appear on the skin area, after a few days. The order in which the spots appear, behind the ears, around the head and neck. The rash will eventually spread throughout the body.
The diagnosis of measles will be determined based on the clinical picture. The doctor will first carry out a physical examination and ask about the symptoms experienced by the sufferer. However, in certain cases the doctor will perform a supporting examination. Supporting examinations are carried out such as a complete blood count, examination of antibodies against measles, and liver function.
Measles is also known as rubella or red measles. At this time, vaccines are available to prevent this viral infectious disease. The vaccine used for measles is part of the MMR. The vaccine is a combined vaccine for mumps, German measles and measles.
The MMR vaccination can be given twice. When first given to children aged 15 months. Then the next one is given again when the child is 5 to 6 years old, or before entering elementary school. This vaccine has a very important function to prevent the measles virus.
Some remedies you can do at home to treat measles. As:
- Consume lots of water
- Maintain quality sleep
- much rest
- Avoid exposure to sunlight as long as the eyes are sensitive to light
- Take fever-reducing drugs
- Take pain relievers if needed
When to see a doctor
If some of the ways to prevent measles above don’t work. Immediately take a consultation to a doctor, to find out the cause. As well as getting the right handling and care. In addition, you should immediately contact the doctor if the child shows symptoms:
- High fever that gets worse
- Children are difficult to wake up
- Out of breath
- Very bad headache
- Yellow discharge from the eye
- Looks very pale
- Weak, limp
- Ear pain
Natural way to treat measles
The following are natural ingredients that you can choose from. These ingredients are able to get rid of measles quickly.
Castor leaves can be used to treat measles. The active substances contained in the jatropha leaves can make wounds caused by measles dry quickly. You can use it by squeezing castor leaves into warm water. Then you use it to take a shower.
Turmeric and honey
The content contained in turmeric is an antiseptic and antioxidant. This content is very effective for measles medicine. You can add honey to a glass of warm milk, then add 1 tablespoon of turmeric that has been mashed. The other combination is turmeric with tamarind seeds.
Turmeric can also be mixed with pumpkin juice and honey. Then you drink the water. Honey is equipped with vitamin B2 and vitamin B6, which function to prevent skin diseases. In addition, pantothenic acid and biotin in honey can treat herpes and eczema.
Jackfruit seeds are also able to treat measles suffered. You can make this concoction by boiling the jackfruit seeds until they boil. Then you filter and drain. You can drink the jackfruit seed stew 2 times a day. Morning and evening regularly.
Eggplant contains antioxidants in it. This content is very useful for strengthening the immune system. Vitamin C and Zinc in it are also able to cure measles faster. You can consume 1 gram of eggplant seeds. You do it regularly 3 times a day.
Coconut water< /h3>
Young coconut water is very useful for neutralizing toxins in the body. The enzymes and antidotes contained in coconut water can provide protection to the body. As well as preventing viruses.
Also Read: Bear Measles in Babies
The measles virus can attack the respiratory tract
The measles virus can spread through the air and secret of an infected person. Children will be susceptible to measles. Viruses that are inhaled by healthy people will attack the epithelial cells found in the respiratory tract. Doing so will cause damage to the fine hair, which protects the duct.
Damaged airways will cause prodrome symptoms. Symptoms that appear such as cough and cold for about three days. Then the virus will enter the blood circulation. This condition causes sufferers to feel fever.
Gradual red patches will appear, from behind the ears to the rest of the body. It will take approximately 8-12 days for the measles virus to cause some symptoms. The measles virus is also able to multiply in lymphoid tissue and other organs. As in the spleen, thymus, lymph nodes, and the tonsils. In some cases, this virus is found in the organs on the skin, lungs, liver and even in the digestive tract.