The high mortality rate of Ebola virus occurs in Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone. The spread of the virus allegedly occurred from a toddler from Guinea who died at the end of 2013. This Ebola virus can easily spread from person to person by direct contact, which is why it is easy to take victims. Even on an international site, kompas.com stated that the Ebola mission was under UN attention.
Still on the same site, international.kompas.com, stated that the Ebola epidemic was very dangerous for the world’s population and became an international concern, even in January 2015 an emergency meeting was held to discuss the Ebola case by WHO. WHO just announced the dangerous Ebola virus after claiming 1,000 lives.
This is certainly a concern of the world community, including Indonesia. The possibility of Ebola virus entry is very possible, so self-protection is needed to avoid spreading the Ebola virus. This article will provide a way to prevent family members from the deadly Ebola virus so that you can protect your family.
Ebola Virus Disease or EVD is a life-threatening disease. Even 90% of those who suffer from EVD end in death. Ebola virus is transmitted from wild animals which eventually spreads from human to human. This virus is very easy to spread and can even be infected from touching (exposed to the patient’s body fluids). Ebola virus does not spread through the air but is transmitted through water or food that has been contaminated with the virus. Although until now vaccines and drugs have not been found, Ebola can be prevented by various measures.
How to Protect Family Members from the Ebola Virus
1. Wash your hands
Medical experts recommend that you always wash your hands before touching your mouth, nose or eyes. This is one of the most common types of protection that is often used to ward off bacteria or viruses. Likewise with the Ebola virus, family members must be aware of the importance of hand hygiene. In fact, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, you should wash your hands thoroughly with warm water and soap. If this is not possible, you can bring an alcohol-based water-free hand wash, this hand sanitizer can be used as an alternative.
2. Avoid contact with anyone infected with Ebola
Ebola virus spreads very easily from sufferers to others, so the safest way is to avoid contact with anyone infected with the Ebola virus. Meanwhile, if you have to deal with a patient who is infected with Ebola then wear protective clothing and avoid shaking hands with the patient (or the occurrence of contact that causes the patient’s fluid to be Ebola on your body). If you are close to someone with Ebola virus, and you have to go near someone with Ebola you should wear protective equipment, including a face mask and gloves. Especially for those of you who intend to travel abroad and your destination country is at risk of spreading Ebola, protect it by bringing gloves and a mask.
3. Use your own personal clothes and tools without borrowing
Whether your family members are assigned overseas or yourself who are going to one of your destination countries, look for information about the Ebola outbreak in that country. Meanwhile, to protect from being infected with the Ebola virus, avoid using clothes, sheets or other personal tools together. Even cutlery can be a means of spreading the Ebola virus, be careful when choosing cutlery. Even the World Health Organization warned the world community to be careful with the use of sheets, clothes, eating utensils from patients infected with Ebola.
4. Knowing the signs of the Ebola virus
The Indonesian people still have to be aware of the spread of the Ebola virus, given the possibility of interacting with Ebola sufferers while in a country affected by Ebola. Some of the body conditions to watch out for are sudden changes in temperature, experiencing muscle pain, vomiting or a rash. Experiencing diarrhea, stomach pain, bruising or bleeding and loss of appetite can also be warning signs that someone is infected with Ebola. Moreover, if you are a nurse or medical expert who has had direct contact with Ebola sufferers, the risk of infection is greater, while to reduce the risk of infection, you should use protective equipment in accordance with medical procedures.
5. Know what to do
If you think someone has been infected, the best thing to do is isolate yourself and call for medical help immediately. Avoid direct contact by touching some animals such as bats, chimpanzees, gorillas or monkeys. We recommend that you keep their blood or fluids at a distance. And don’t eat raw meat from bats, monkeys and chimpanzees. Research has found that spread between these animals to humans has a very high risk of spreading the Ebola virus.
6. Avoid direct contact with people who die (suffering from Ebola)
If you know someone has died from Ebola, don’t touch their body. Ebola virus can still spread from people who died because of Ebola to others. Even the fluids found in people who die from Ebola are more contagious than those who are sick with Ebola.
7. Avoid traveling to countries affected by the Ebola outbreak
If you are aiming for a vacation to a country that is known to have an Ebola outbreak, you should postpone it first because the spread is very easy to infect anyone. You can search for information through the internet for some of your destination countries. The absence of vaccines and drugs for the Ebola virus which makes this disease very feared is that it is easy to spread from sufferers to others which must make family members extra strict. Protect your family members who are going to travel abroad (destination countries have Ebola cases) by postponing schedules or taking self-protection when interacting, especially if they have to directly interact with Ebola patients.
8. Don’t underestimate your injury
When family members are in a country where Ebola cases are found, it’s best to take maximum self-protection. Any kind of bleeding wound should not come into direct contact with Ebola sufferer fluid and must be covered. This virus can enter the body through an open wound that is being experienced.
Thus the most important thing is to try and stay away from people who are ill with Ebola. You will not be infected with Ebola unless your individual has come into contact with someone who has contracted Ebola. So you just need to have a high awareness that this is going to happen to anyone. Wash your hands often, of course, one of them before eating.