This is because most babies with congenital or hereditary diseases will look normal at birth. By doing a neonatal screening test will help provide treatment, treatment as early as possible so that the baby can have the same growth and development as other normal babies. Even so, there are also those who have other ways of detecting hereditary diseases in babies.
Here are some ways that are often used to detect baby diseases as early as possible:
1. Tracing Family Health History
The simplest way that parents can do in detecting hereditary diseases as early as possible in infants is to trace the family medical history, this does not require DNA testing. You just trace your extended family history then give a picture of the health pattern and also you can find out the risk of developing hereditary diseases. Knowing your family’s medical history can help doctors detect degenerative diseases.
2. Perform neonatal screening tests
Neonatal screening tests are often performed on newborns for about 48-120 hours. Whereas for babies who are examined in babies who are 24 hours old, you can do another check at the age of 2 weeks. How to do a neonatal screening test is to do a blood test on the baby which is usually taken on the baby’s heel and then dripped on filter paper. This will help you in detecting congenital diseases associated with thyroid hormone deficiency which will result in mental retardation and physical and mental growth restriction in babies. Then next genetic disorders related to the G6PD enzyme such as anemia. This examination can also help your child to avoid a sudden increase in body temperature, shortness of breath or an irregular heartbeat in the baby.
3. Respond to your baby
You can easily recognize cataracts in babies. Congenital cataract or cataract in infants is a hereditary disease. Cataracts can be detected easily, in just one minute in your baby. First of all, you can give your baby toys with striking colors, then you can move the toy to the right and left, up and down. Then you can then watch your baby’s response. If in normal circumstances, your baby will respond to this stimulation, follow the motion or reach with his hand, but if your baby does not respond at all and is not interested in the food, consult your doctor immediately. You can do this response test at the age of your baby 2-3 months.
4. Make a Journal of Food and Drinks consumed by Children
The next hereditary disease is allergies in babies. Some parents often do not realize that their child has allergies. You can detect early by keeping a journal on the food and drink consumed by the baby or objects that your baby is holding. Even so, you should still confirm it by consulting a doctor.
Thus for those of you who are in maintaining family health, especially health related to hereditary diseases in babies. You can take a medical history so you can take precautions, also live a healthy life that will help you and your family avoid health problems.