Recently the term sinusitis has become so popular because many people have started suffering from this disease.
Worse, many more people do not realize that they are actually suffering disease sinusitis, because in general, this disease has symptoms similar to flu.
In some people who have flu, some of them tend to ignore this disease because it is considered a minor disease that will heal by itself.
Flu disease is like that, without using drugs, this disease will be cured by itself. The attack of this disease is generally caused by a virus that enters the body and makes the sufferer suffer from this disease. Even then, if the patient is experiencing a condition where his immune system has decreased. Meanwhile, if the immune system is fit and maintained, then flu disease will be avoided because the body works alone to fight the virus that enters the body.
Meanwhile, it is different with sinusitis. This disease has the same cause, namely caused by bacteria or viruses that enter the sinus wall, but the presence of this viru can cause inflammation in that section. However, unlike the flu that can heal on its own, sinus disease or sinusitis cannot be ignored. Efforts are needed to immediately resolve this condition or symptom in order to improve.
Well, to find out what sinus disease is like and how to treat it. Let’s look at the explanation below.
Definition of Sinusitis
Sinusitis is a condition in which part of the sinus cavity becomes inflamed or inflamed. This inflammation is often caused by a viral or bacterial infection. In addition to the several causes above, sinusitis can also occur by many factors, such as irritation or allergies to chemicals that enter the nose followed by the presence of bacteria and viruses.
The sinuses are small air-filled cavities located at the back of the cheekbones and forehead. It’s just that, if the sinuses are blocked by a fluid that contains germs, these germs will be able to infect that area. In some cases, sinus disease is often triggered because of a chronic cold or flu that lasts for a long time.
It could be that the cold that a sufferer has at first is part of an allergic reaction due to exposure to dust or pollution. Which after inhalation, this condition will cause flu arise in the sufferer.
So, if conditions like this continue to occur and a solution is not immediately sought to be able to overcome the condition, then this flu may last for a long time and has the potential for sinusitis to attack the nasal passages.
This disease is a common disease that can infect anyone regardless of race, class, age or even gender. So so, this sinusitis disease will be able to attack anyone, including your parents or even your current baby.
Basically, the function of the sinus organs is to be able to lighten the skull, so if there is a problem in the sinus, this condition will cause the sinuses to be unable to carry out their duties and functions as usual.
As with other diseases, sinusitis comes with several characteristics before it develops into a serious, major disease. Some of these signs and symptoms are worth watching out for. So when you or other people around you start to show some symptoms that refer to sinusitis, you should immediately consult this condition immediately. So that, proper treatment of this disease can be done immediately.
The symptoms of sinusitis include:
1. Pain in the head
One of the initial symptoms that a person with sinusistic disease will experience is the onset of a headache. Unlike in normal conditions, these headache symptoms will generally be felt continuously and will not heal. In this disease, the head will generally feel painful, heavy and like being stabbed. Conditions like this will certainly interfere with the activities and activities carried out by the sufferer.
2. Pain in the face
Given the location of the sinuses in the area around the face, when this part experiences a disturbance such as inflammation in this section, the face will also feel the impact. In this condition, the face will feel as if it is pain that is felt when you experience inflammation in that section.
3. Nasal congestion
The most common thing experienced by sinusitis sufferers is the nasal congestion which is often experienced This condition generally becomes more frequent when the sufferer sleeps at night and wakes up in the morning.
Fever is a symptom that comes along with other symptoms. This one symptom is usually the first symptom when a person experiences sinus. The body temperature sometimes rises and sometimes drops to be one of the signs that can characterize the presence of sinuses after the sufferer has felt the above symptoms.
5. The presence of mucus coming out of the nose
The mucus that comes out of the nose is what we usually refer to as snot. In normal conditions, the mucus that comes out is usually white and thick. However, in sinus sufferers, the mucus that comes out is generally dark and greenish in color. Even in this condition, the sufferer can experience a decrease in the power of smell. On the other hand, the sufferer will feel the eye area like itching which is then accompanied by sneezing and pain when swallowing.
Causes of Sinusitis
You need to know that there are several main causes that can trigger a person to suffer from sinusitis. Thus, you also have to be aware of this condition. Here are some of the causes of sinusitis in a sufferer.
1. Sinus infection
Sinus infections usually occur because of the dirty air and pollution that sufferers often breathe. Germs or small particles flying in the air that enter the respiratory tract will be able to infect the sinuses so that this part will secrete fluid like mucus. For this reason, you should keep your sinuses healthy by always wearing a mask or face shield when you travel.
2. Dirty Air
Yes, dirty air can be a contributor to someone getting sinus. This is because germs, bacteria, viruses and fungi can infect the sinus passages.
Allergies can be one of the factors that make a person experience sinusitis. If you are someone who is allergic to animals, food, animal dander, pollen and so on, then try to avoid any allergen triggers that will make you sneeze or catch a cold.
Those are some of the causes that can make a person suffer from sinus disease.
Given the impact of this disease which is quite dangerous and will reduce the function of several senses in your body, it is very important to find ways to treat this disease.
How to Treat Sinusitis
About 60% of sinusitis sufferers do not need to see a doctor and receive intense medical treatment. Most of the cases found, sinus disease is more often caused by a viral infection. Which if the cause is so, this one disease will be able to heal by itself. It takes about 2-3 weeks for this disease to heal by itself. In other words, the resistance from this disease lasts longer than that of a cold.
For mild sinus disease, pain relievers will be sufficient and you can find these drugs in pharmacies. Several types of drugs that are sold freely in drugstores or pharmacies include ibuprofen and paracetamol. Both drugs of this type can relieve some of the symptoms caused by sinusitis, such as fever, headaches and facial pain.
Meanwhile, for children under the age of 16 years, the consumption of aspirin is not recommended and even this drug is prohibited to be given to them. The use of ibuprofen is not recommended for patients with certain health conditions. Including suffering from asthma, severe heart failure and stomach ulcers.
Several types of other drugs such as decongestants, drops or nasal sprays, can be used to relieve symptoms that arise and are caused by this one disease. These types of medicines are available over the counter at drugstores or at pharmacies.
Taking these drugs will help clear up the blockage and allow you to breathe more easily. However, decongestants will not be able to help sinusitis heal quickly. In addition, the use of this drug should not be taken for more than one week. Thus, if after taking these drugs within one week, your condition is still not getting better, then you should abandon the consumption of these drugs immediately.
When to Consult a Doctor?
Consult your doctor if you experience sinusitis which is accompanied by excessive bleeding or pain. In addition, it is better if before you take decongestant type drugs, you should first check whether you are suffering from several diseases such as glaucoma , untreated hypertension, heart disease, thyroid gland problems, enlarged prostate and diabetes. Because these drugs in general will make a person feel restless and have trouble sleeping.
Those are some things that can be done in treating sinusitis. If your sinus symptoms start to get worse and don’t go away after one week, it’s best to contact your doctor immediately. In this way, the doctor will provide more appropriate treatment for the disease you are suffering from.
Hopefully useful and hopefully get well soon.