The important role of the immune system or immune system is to provide protection from external influences (bacterial and viral infections) involving cells and organs in organisms. If the immune system weakens, the protection will weaken and cause viruses or bacteria to enter the body and develop. In children, their immune system is not yet perfect so they are susceptible to disease, however, there are several ways parents can do to boost the child’s immune system.
In the article how to increase children’s immunity, we will explain the importance of immunity, how to increase immunity in children and prevention of diseases that attack the immune system in children.
The Importance of Immune in Children
When the microorganisms first enter the body, the second and third reactions of the body form antibodies that are faster so that they require vaccination or immunization. Immunization consists of two types, namely active immunization and passive immunization. Active immunization provides weakened germs or bacterial toxins so that it stimulates the body to carry out its own antibodies, while passive immunization injects antibodies so that levels increase in the child’s body.
The immune system is protection against child health from bacteria or viruses that enter the body. The immune system of children consists of various aspects, namely the relationship between biochemical aspects. The role of immunity in children is to defend the body from foreign objects so as not to cause worse health problems.
Beware of diseases that attack child immunity
The immune system is a mechanism used to defend against foreign objects that the body does not recognize. If immunity is reduced, it will cause health problems and endanger health.
The following are some of the diseases associated with disorders of the immune system in children:
1. Underactive Immune System
An underactive immune system will cause health problems in the form of Immune Deficiency Conditions which are associated with a large group of diseases that suppress the immune system and are often based on chronic diseases. Next is the Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, which is characterized by a decreased immune system due to genetic disorders. Finally, AIDS develops and causes the body to fail completely. Generally, children are a congenital disease of parents who have been infected with the HIV virus.
2. The immune system is overactive
If the immune system is too active, it will cause health problems including allergies caused by certain foods, drinks or substances. Alergan that can stimulate a reaction causing minor problems and medical assistance is needed to be able to diagnose the cause.
Anaphylaxis is a serious allergy caused by food, chemicals or insect bites. Children who experience anaphylaxis will experience itching, swelling of the throat and a drop in blood pressure. Asthma is a chronic lung disorder. Asthma symptoms will make the child wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.
3. Other body system disorders
While some health problems related to the immune system include:
- Chediak Higashi Syndrome is associated with a rare disorder so that this syndrome can affect all major organs.
- Common Immunodeficiency Variable associated with low antibody counts in the body. However, many are found in adults.
- Hives associated with allergies in certain outbreaks either caused by food or contact with certain plants.
How to increase immunity in children
As it is known that immunity in children has an important role in maintaining disease and infection, you can take steps to increase the child’s immunity:
1. Provide exclusive breastfeeding
In children 0-6 months, exclusive breastfeeding really helps increase the child’s immune system. Research conducted shows that breastfeeding increases the child’s immune system and provides protection against respiratory and digestive-related diseases. Breast milk contains nutrients that can boost a child’s immune system.
2. Playing in the environment
Often parents worry about children playing dirty, even though by playing in the environment the child’s immune system will develop fully. Even though the condition of the child playing in the yard will be exposed to dirty exposure which helps in tracking the number of pathogens in training the immune system, on the other hand it will potentially benefit and support the body’s cells in fighting infection.
3. Laugh a lot
Increase the child’s immunity by laughing a lot? You must be surprised, even though in a fun way it will help increase endurance. Research conducted that watching comedy movies will help in increasing the production of cells which help in boosting immunity in killing cold and flu germs.
4. Get enough rest
Research conducted to increase immunity is by getting enough rest. Adequate rest will lower the risk of flu compared to sleep deprivation. Even a healthy portion of sleep for children aged 3-12 years is 10 hours per day. Thus the need for children’s sleep is longer than adults.
5. Reducing antibiotics
Give less antibiotics if the child’s illness is mild. Generally, parents ask the doctor to include antibiotics even though minor illnesses such as flu, cold or sore throat do not require antibiotics. Giving antibiotics to children too often will weaken the immune system in children.
6. Avoiding Air Pollution
With air pollutants, it will damage the hair cilia in the nose which function as an antidote for the entry of foreign objects into the body. So avoid your children from air pollution such as cigarette smoke, combustion smoke and several dangerous chemicals that are often used as ingredients in several household appliances.
7. Consumption of foods that can increase immunity, including:
- soy milk containing flavonoids which can increase endurance. Flavonoids are a type of pigment that is often found in green plants that can boost the immune system.
- Fish and Eggs contain zinc which can improve body development, strengthen immunity and increase intelligence.
- Honey is an important source of protein that can increase immunity. Besides being able to maintain stamina and good for consumption every day.
- Prebiotics are good bacteria in the digestive tract that contain a lot of processed foods
such as yogurt or some foods such as wheat, bananas, honey and nuts.
- Vitamin C can increase the child’s resistance to infection and also heal wounds. Can take supplements or natural vitamin C content from fruits and vegetables.