The characteristics of a baby who does not develop in the womb – Hearing the news of pregnancy is certainly a happy thing for parents. Every parent wants their baby to grow and develop properly while in the womb, so that when it’s time to be born into the world, they become a perfect and healthy child. Therefore, it is important for pregnant women to routinely check their pregnancies from the beginning of pregnancy to before delivery because various pregnancy problems may occur, including the state of the fetus not developing.
The state of the fetus not developing or stopping developing is called IUGR or (Intrauterine Growth Restriction). If this situation is allowed and continues, it will trigger a miscarriage or the baby dies in the womb. So what are the characteristics of a baby not developing in the womb?
The characteristics of a baby do not develop in the womb
Babies who do not develop in the womb can generally be detected at one to three months of gestation through ultrasound or other tests. With this procedure you can know the development of the baby and the possibility that the baby will stop developing. Here are the characteristics of a baby not developing in the womb. (Also read: Getting to know an empty or blighted ovum (BO) pregnancy )
Baby Doesn’t Move
Pregnant women will begin to feel movement in the abdomen at two months of gestation. If at first the pregnant woman feels the baby’s regular movements, but then doesn’t show any movement, then it could be a sign or a sign that the baby is not developing in the womb. When you find out about this situation you should immediately go to the doctor to make sure. Also read: How to Recognize the Characteristics of a Pregnant Person? These 27 Common Signs
Abnormal Ultrasound Results
By doing an ultrasound you can find out the baby’s size, position and overall development of the baby. In this way you can also find out the occurrence of birth defects so that it can help the doctor in determining the estimated birth. It’s just that in cases where the baby does not develop, the results of the ultrasound in the first and second trimesters do not show any development in the baby.
Decreased HCG levels
HCG or human gonadoptropin is a hormone produced during pregnancy. HCG levels will continue to increase from 9 to 16 weeks of age. This situation will indicate that the mother’s pregnancy is progressing and developing normally. It’s just that, in case the baby is not developing, the HCG level will be lower than the level it should be. If this situation continues, it is possible that the baby in your womb will stop developing.
Baby’s Heart Stops Beating
With the Doppler flow procedure, the baby’s heartbeat can be heard in the womb at the ninth or tenth week. If in the first test the baby’s heartbeat is not heard, then in the next test the heartbeat is not heard, it is possible that the baby has IUGR. But besides that, there are other things that can cause this, namely the placement of the placenta or the position of the baby.
In some cases, the baby can survive because it does not completely stop developing, but the baby is in a slow developing state. Baby weight is estimated to be below the 10th percentile, which is less than 90% of the baby’s weight at the same age. In addition, the baby will have pale, thin, dry and loose skin. Even the umbilical cord it has will look dull and thin, in contrast to the normal umbilical cord.
Signs of a Not Developing Baby in Pregnant Women
Apart from knowing from the womb, you can see signs that the baby has stopped developing in pregnant women. These are some signs of IUGR in pregnant women.
Fever is a normal, natural state when the body fights off an infection. However, a fever that occurs during pregnancy can indicate a problem, one of which is a sign of a miscarriage.
Less Morning Sickness Symptoms
The state of morning sickness experienced by pregnant women during the first trimester normally occurs. Morning sickness is a condition of nausea and vomiting that pregnant women experience. However, you need to be vigilant if the symptoms of morning sicknes stop before the trimester ends, because it could be a sign that the baby in the womb is not developing so that the HCG level decreases.
Cramps experienced by pregnant women are normal and are a sign that the baby is developing. It’s just that, if the cramping condition continues to increase or doesn’t even go away over time, then this condition can indicate that the baby in the womb has stopped developing.
The breasts will usually become sensitive in the first few months of pregnancy. However, the breasts will become insensitive for mothers with undeveloped babies. Even the mother’s breast size decreases. This situation is caused because the hormones that function to support the baby’s growth have stopped.
The Stomach Does Not Increase In Bigger
As gestational age increases, the pregnant woman’s stomach will become bigger. The size of the stomach that does not increase can be the cause of the baby not developing in the womb. For this reason, when you do a pregnancy check your doctor or midwife always measures the approximate height of your uterus and belly circumference. The height of your uterus and belly size must increase if the baby in the womb is developing properly. (See also: Knowing the Signs of a Blank Pregnancyg)
Ketubah Out Fluid
Premature discharge of amniotic fluid can be a sign that the baby in the womb has stopped developing. A healthy baby in the womb will be surrounded by amniotic fluid. When the ketubah water comes out, it means the bag that holds the ketubah water has broken.
Causes of the Fetus Not Developing
A baby is said to be IUGR if the growth in the womb does not match the gestational age. This slow growth and development of the baby indicates the size of the baby is smaller than the size of the gestational age. Babies in the womb are not growing well, perhaps because they are not getting the oxygen or nutrients they need to thrive. Well, here are some common causes of babies not developing in the womb.
Mother’s Medical State
Babies in the womb are said to have IUGR or develop late due to medical conditions of pregnant women such as kidney, heart, lung, sickle cell anemia, blood clotting disorders or diabetes. IUGR can also occur in the fetus if a pregnant woman has preeclampsia that occurs during the second trimester of pregnancy, chronic hypertension or experiences both of these conditions.
Experiencing Abnormalities In The Placenta
The placenta is an organ that has the task of delivering oxygen and nutrients to the fetus when it is in the womb. If the placenta is not perfectly shaped or smaller than it should be, then this organ will not function properly. Where is this situation that makes IUGR possible, because the fetus in the womb is deficient in nutrients or oxygen. As a result, the fetus will not develop it should.
In addition, there are several factors that are thought to cause IUGR, such as the following:
- Smoking and consumption of illegal drugs
- Pregnancy with twins or more
- Have certain infections such as rubella, toxoplasmosis or cytomegalovirus (CMV)
If the mother or the fetus in the womb experiences some of the characteristics of the baby not developing in the womb as above, it is highly recommended to immediately have the womb checked by a doctor in order to get the right treatment for this condition.
This article is reviewed by Midwife Pevi Revina sTR. Keb