All pregnant women are aware of the importance of consuming nutritious foods during pregnancy, even to support optimal development and growth, doctors often recommend giving supplements or vitamins to maintain a healthy growth of the baby. Even so, it’s a shame that some pregnant women often forget about mineral intake such as iodine which is needed during pregnancy. You don’t get it wrong first, the need for iodine in the body must be fulfilled because if it is excessive or insufficient intake in pregnant women it will have an impact on maternal and fetal health.
The need for iodine is very important, the opinion was confirmed by research conducted in Australia, that during pregnancy and six months postpartum iodine is often deficient, although in small amounts. Iodine is a mineral that will have an impact on the neurological development of the fetus, so it is important to fulfill its needs. You need to remember that although the need for iodine must be met, it does not mean that excess consumption is due to excess iodine which will cause health problems for pregnant women. The World Health Organization, WHO recommends pregnant women to get 220 micrograms of iodine to maintain the health condition of the mother and fetus during pregnancy and after delivery.
As quoted from the site womenshealthmag.com states that a mineral like iodine is very important in maintaining pregnancy, adequate iodine needs in pregnant women to reduce health risks during pregnancy. Besides that, on the same site womenshealthmag.com states that iodine deficiency will have an impact on the physical and mental state of the baby. Even so, stop consuming too much, follow the rules for iodine needs for pregnant women. If pregnant women experience excess iodine, it will have an impact on hypothyroidism, which is a condition in which there is a decrease in the synthesis and secretion of thyroid hormones from the thyroid gland. This is related to consuming too much iodine, thus inducing the occurrence of enzymatic disorders which causes delayed hormone synthesis in the glandular part known as the thyroid gland.
In knowing the iodine in the body of pregnant women, a urine test can be done. This test will function to determine the advantages and disadvantages of iodine in the body of pregnant women. If the results are good, then you are not required to add foods that contain high iodine or supplements to meet nutritional needs. Meanwhile, if the examination finds an indication of iodine deficiency, it is advisable to consume foods such as yogurth or bread enriched with sufficient iodine content or consume supplements as recommended by the doctor.