1. A source of energy for pregnant women as well as their fetuses.
2. Helping fetal growth, repairing body tissues and other organs.
3. Protecting pregnant women from infection and other diseases, in addition to carrying out the functions of the fetus and other body systems.
It is feared that the lack of food intake for pregnant women will cause various risks for the mother and baby later. The development of the baby is disturbed and the baby is at risk premature birth if during pregnancy you did not pay attention to nutritional intake.
These are the nutrients that must be fulfilled during pregnancy:
1. Calories. In the first trimester of pregnancy calorie needs need to be increased to 180 kcal per day. While 300kcal of calorie needs for pregnant women in the second and third trimesters. As much as 55% of calories are obtained from carbohydrates, vegetable and animal fats as much as 35%, 10% protein and the rest comes from fresh vegetables and fruit.
2. Protein. The protein needed by pregnant women every day is 60 grams. Animal protein is found in red meat, poultry, fish, eggs and milk. Meanwhile, vegetable protein is contained in tempeh, nuts, and others. This protein is needed for a source of calories, forming blood cells, building new cells in the fetus, and forming hormones in the mother and fetus.
3. Fat. The most important fatty acids for brain development in the fetus are omega-3 and omega-6. Sources of Omega-3 can be found from meat, vegetables, and eggs. While omega-6 itself is obtained from soybeans, tuna, sardines and salmon.
4. Vitamins. Vitamins that are also needed by pregnant women are:
- Vitamin A which is useful for the growth of baby’s bones and teeth. In addition, vitmin A is useful for hair, eyes, skin and also reduces the risk of congenital abnormalities.
- Vitamin B1, this vitamin is very important for maintaining energy and regulating the nervous system. The body needs at least 1.4 mg of vitamin B1 per day.
- Vitamin B2, every day pregnant women need at least 1.4 mg of vitamin B2. Vitamin B2 can be obtained from meat and milk.
- Vitamin B12, plays a lot in the development of nerves and brain function in the fetus.
- Vitamin C makes it easier for iron to be absorbed by the body, but it is good for teeth and gums. This vitamin C can be found in fruits and vegetables.
- Vitamin D, vitamin D is very useful for bone formation.
- Vitamin E is highly recommended for pregnant women to make it easier for the body to form and function red blood cells and muscles.
Other substances required by pregnant women are:
1. Iron. The need for pregnant women for iron every day is 26 mg. This iron is needed to prevent anemia. Red meat and spinach which contains a lot of this iron.
2. Folic Acid. This folic acid is usually needed before experiencing pregnancy first trimester pregnancy. These disorders of the brain and spine can be prevented with this folic acid.
3. Calcium. In order to meet calcium needs, Hamli mothers need 1000 mg every day to maintain bones and teeth. Calcium can also minimize the risk of pre-eclampsia or high blood pressure. Get calcium from salmon, yogurt, broccoli etc.