Pregnant women who are faced with repetitive activities, work, problems in the household and community life, causing a feeling of boredom. The feeling of saturation that is felt by pregnant women every day will lead to depression.
Depression in pregnant women will cause health problems, including maternal and fetal health problems. One of them will affect fetal growth and development. In this article, we will discuss about pregnant women who often experience depression. How does it affect the fetus and what is the solution.
Definition of Depression
As quoted from the wikipedia.org page that depression is a condition that is more than a sad state. Moreover, a person’s sad condition that causes disturbance is called Depression Disorder. Depressive disorders will cause feelings of sadness, experience excessive neglect when doing routine activities, and even experience loss of interest and enthusiasm. Some of them can occur to experience disturbed sleep patterns.
Still on the same site wikipedia.org, the causes of depression include organobiological factors, namely an imbalance in the brain. In addition, it can also be psychological factors that occur due to psychological burdens so that it can have an impact on learning behavior in social conditions. Finally, the cause is due to the socio-environmental conditions that can occur due to the loss of loved ones, loss of work or post-disaster.
The worst conditions of depression can cause mental disorders or loss of enthusiasm for life, leading to suicide. Meanwhile, to reduce and eliminate depression, it varies according to the patient’s condition. The way this is done is by a combination of pharmacotherapy and counseling so that it helps in healing.
Pregnant Women Often Cry Trigger Depression
Feelings of loneliness, feeling alone in facing pregnancy complaints, tend to make pregnant women more sensitive. Even some hormonal changes during pregnancy can make pregnant women more sensitive and sensitive. Pregnant women can cry excessively when hormone levels are at their peak, even pregnant women who tend to cry a lot which will trigger depression.
Pregnant women who often cry during pregnancy are triggered by hormones. There are three hormones that affect pregnant women, namely estrogen, progesterone and gonadotropins. The hormone estrogen is the most dominant produced by the ovum while progesterone helps in balancing the levels of the hormone estrogen, then forming the corpus luteum which occurs during early pregnancy and in the placenta when gestational age getting old.
Finally, the gonadotropins produced by the placenta can change neurotransmitters. Pregnant women will experience emotional changes at week 6 and week 10 of pregnancy. Even pregnant women will experience a similar event, namely hormonal changes when gestational age in the third trimester.
Pregnant women who plan pregnancy or do not plan to become pregnant will have an impact on stress, especially related to emotional status. Stress can be triggered because of very fast mood changes, you should indeed share stories with your husband to reduce your problems. Especially if you have been crying a lot lately.
Often cry during pregnancy, but if you really feel depressed and sad you should consult your doctor to find out the cause. Depression in pregnant women will interfere with fetal growth and development. Even pregnant women will be prone to health problems because they often feel disturbed in regulating appetite and sleep patterns.
Effects of Depression on Mother and Fetus
Pregnant women who are depressed should get immediate treatment. The fetus will experience disorders and is at risk for depression as an adult. Although the risk of depression in children is quite small, the mental health of children as adults must be considered.
Pregnant women who experience depression during pregnancy must be taken and treated seriously. Children conceived by pregnant women who experience depression will experience a similar case as adults due to hormones produced by stress that can affect the development of the child in the womb.
If the mother is depressed before pregnancy, it is better to take medication first, but if the mother is depressed during pregnancy it is important to do consultation and treatment so that it does not endanger the health of the mother and the fetus.
Anxiety experienced by pregnant women will trigger depression. Research conducted in England says that mothers who experience depression during pregnancy will affect the fetus in the womb. Depression will create placental changes that affect the formation of the baby. ( Read: The Danger of Stress in Pregnant Women )
How to avoid depression during pregnancy
When pregnant women depression is a serious problem that will cause many health problems. Feelings of depression will make pregnant women lose their appetite, lack of sleep, become overwhelmed, often win and cause a loss of endurance.
To maintain endurance, you should do the following ways:
1. Take a break
Between your busy schedule, you can get enough rest. Treat yourself to a fun activity. You can spend the whole day doing beauty treatments or watching. Some activities to meet old friends and exchange information about pregnancy can be your solution.
You can relax your mind by practicing yourself through yoga. Yoga specifically for pregnant women will help prepare themselves for labor. You are also taught to regulate thinking and regulate blood circulation.
3. Diet and Exercise
Pregnant women often experience eating disorders. The cause is a feeling of nausea and changes in physical condition. You can drink lots of water and give physical goodness by exercising. Use your free time with your husband to just go for a walk.
4. Avoid Stress
You can avoid sources of stress when you are pregnant. You can have discussions to calm yourself down so that you don’t trigger depression. The role of a husband is needed to accompany you and feel comfortable.
Thus, pregnant women are very susceptible to depression. One of the main causes is hormone factors, although it does not rule out the possibility of being caused by environmental factors. Symptoms are often pregnant women cry, feel lonely, blame the situation and even despair.
Depressed pregnant women are not good for the health of the mother and the baby. Mothers will be susceptible to disease because they forget about rest, irregular eating patterns and experience stress. Whereas the fetus can cause placental disorders and can even cause growth and development disorders. In addition, the children of depressed mothers will have a greater risk of depression at the time of being older even though they return to their raised environment.
Depression feelings can be cured with medical assistance, consult your complaints, treatment met
hods will be tailored to the needs of each individual. Pregnant women who avoid depression will more easily accept the reality after giving birth.