Cervical cancer is often associated with environmental factors, namely the unhealthy lifestyle of women, even though the main cause is a virus, HPV. Transmission of the HPV virus can be through intercourse with multiple partners.
This article will provide information about the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer. In general, cervical cancer treatment can be differentiated according to the stage of the spread of cancer cells or known as stage. In the development of women infected with cervical cancer, it can be divided into early stages, namely stage 0-1, advanced stage, namely stage 2-3 and late stage or stage 4.
Difficult to Detect Symptoms of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is a disease associated with the cervical neck in women. The condition in which women are infected with HPV, although in some HPV infections it can heal by itself because the body’s immunity can attack the virus. Whereas in other infections, the HPV that remains in the body will develop into cancer cells.
The development of cancer cells in the cervix takes a long time. This is why new cancer cells are found in women aged 35-50 years. Even patients when infected with the virus do not find specific health problems that make it difficult to detect them early.
Difficulty detecting cervical cancer symptoms at an early stage that causes cervical cancer is said to be the silent killer. Some symptoms at an advanced stage can be recognized by changes in the condition in women.
The following are body conditions that change when a woman experiences HPV infection:
1. Contact Bleeding
Symptoms that are often experienced by cervical cancer sufferers, even about 70-80% of patients who experience bleeding on the device
female genital. Even bleeding conditions can also occur after sexual intercourse, straining during bowel movements and gynecological examinations.
Women who are infected with HPV will experience pain in the lower abdomen and waist. Even women can experience pain that radiates from the upper, pelvis and upper legs. When a woman is menstruating, defecating or during intercourse so that the pain gets worse. The condition that gets worse is when touching the cervix will cause the iliac fossa and experience lumbosacral pain and even experience symptoms of nausea.
3.Vaginal discharge (abnormal vaginal discharge)
Women who experience abnormal vaginal discharge, about 75-85%, have different stages of secretion, especially when experiencing tumor stimulation. The function of the secretion of hyperthyroidism experiences the cervical glands which produce whitish mucus. Abnormal vaginal discharge such as smell and color which will cause itching and pain in the female area can be a sign of cervical cancer.
4. Irregular bleeding in the female area
Women who experience menopause and experience cramping and bleeding can be suspected as a sign of cervical cancer. The amount of bleeding is not much even without experiencing pain in the stomach but in the waist. Luminescence in the female area which can be recognized as an early symptom of cervical cancer. In addition, signs of cervical cancer are often associated with cervical erosion, in which patients are mostly associated with cervical erosion which should be carried out further tests such as pap smears.
Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer
Women in doing tests to find out cancer cells in their bodies, especially those related to uterine cancer cells. However, even for women without symptoms, tests can be done because early prevention can help to reduce the spread of cancer cells in the cervical neck. Cervical cancer screening can help further treatment in women who have cervical cancer.
Several methods of cancer diagnosis can be done. The following are some common methods for diagnosing cervical cancer:
Cervical test or also known as vaginal squamous epithelium to determine the normal condition of glycogen which can turn brown when given iodine, whereas cervical columnar epithelium, abnormal squamous epithelium and cervical erosion have no glycogen, hence no color.
In clinical cases, the cervix is exposed to the speculum in the female area after surface mucus, then iodine solution is applied even to the cervix and fornix. So that if an abnormal negative iodine is found, a biopsy and examination can be done related to the pathology of the female area.
2. Blade Cervix cytologic examination (Cervix Pap)
The next examination that can help to detect cervical cancer is to use the Blade Cervix cytologic examination (Cervix Pap) method, although this initial examination can be done in a combination way to determine the accuracy of the results of examinations performed by women who have symptoms of cervical cancer.
The main method in detecting early stage cervical cancer, however, must be very careful in taking it simple. Even when microscopic examination so that the level of accuracy can better explain the patient’s condition. This examination should be done in combination with clinical and periodic examinations as a screening method.
3. Biopsy of the cervix and cervical canal
The method of diagnosis for cervical cancer is to use a cervical biopsy and cervical canal that is more than class III to IV but if the cervical biopsy is found to be negative, the cervical squamous column junction at points 3,6,9 and 12 is taken where four biopsy points are taken or when doing it. iodine test is colorless and potentially cancerous. So that pathological examination can help in detecting cervical cancer.
Colposcopy examination methods can help select the location of the biopsy so that a cervical biopsy can be performed. Although colposcopy cannot directly diagnose carcinoid tumors. Colposcopy is not a substitute for pap smears and biopsy so it does not find lesions in the cervical canal. Meanwhile, according to research, biopsy using kolposki has an accuracy of up to 98%.
Thus cervical cancer which often threatens women with symptoms that are difficult to find at an early stage can be prevented by carrying out a medical examination. Medical examinations can be selected according to the level of patient needs. An examination that can immediately determine the spread of cancer cells or cervical infection so that it can help to prevent the development of cancer cells.
Checks can be done on women to do prevention of cervical cancer, so that if an HPV infection is found at an early stage it will help to reduce the risk of developing cancer cells. In addition, prevention is very important to do, the virus that can inf
ect HPV can be transmitted through intercourse with multiple partners, unhealthy lifestyles such as consuming alcohol and smoking besides genetic factors can cause cervical cancer, although not so big an effect.