Changes in the physical and psychological condition of children cannot be caused by one change, for example when seizure child. Whether the child has seizures at a normal temperature or when your child has a high temperature (fever) or when your child often complains about their body parts. This is what you should know as a characteristic of your child having health problems.
It is often feared that the child has epilepsy. Even though there are still symptoms of epilepsy in children that you should pay attention to. On this occasion, our article will discuss epilepsy in children. Definition of epilepsy in children, symptoms of epilepsy in children, causes of epilepsy and first aid for children with epilepsy.
What is Epilepsy
Epilepsy does not only occur in children. Even adults can get epilepsy. What exactly is epilepsy? According to the definition of epilepsy is a condition characterized by seizures, namely repeated seizures of intermittent brain function disorders. This is due to the abnormal electric charge in the body and also paroxysmal excess on the neurons.
In addition, epilepsy is often interpreted as a disorder related to the nervous system due to the excessive activity of neurons in the brain that causes reactions in the human body that cause reactions. The reactions in people with epilepsy include a momentary blankness, impaired consciousness, experiencing tingling sensations, convulsions and even muscle contraction. Epilepsy is not a disease caused by bacteria or viruses. Even epilepsy, which is often known in the community as epilepsy or seizure, can be mitigated with environmental assistance.
Understanding Epilepsy in Children
Epilepsy is a term commonly experienced by children who have seizures. Even so, the child’s body condition must be considered, the seizures that children experience when they have a fever or seizures after several hours of consuming food. A child with epilepsy is a child who has had multiple seizures. This is due to the occurrence of electrical impulses in the brain that exceed normal limits so that the electrical impulses can spread and create an uncontrollable condition which is eventually transmitted to the muscles causing seizures and twitching.
Epilepsy occurs mostly in the elderly and children. 30% of epilepsy patients consist of children. Children with epilepsy number 25-840 per 100,000 population in one year. The types of epilepsy that often occur in children are idiopathic epilepsy and symptomatic epilepsy. Idiopathic epilepsy generally occurs in children with normal development and physical examination. Meanwhile, symptomatic epilepsy is often associated with conditions due to brain disorders.
Symptoms of Epilepsy in Children
Epilepsy is a disease that can occur to anyone, including children who do not have a family lineage who experience epilepsy. The following are symptoms of epilepsy in children:
1. The Child’s Eyes Are Empty
Children who suffer from epilepsy do not show symptoms of seizures and foamy mouth only. In the case of epilepsy, children who have a blank or blank stare are more common. A child’s blank gaze was different from daydreaming. When daydreaming the child can still be shaken while in the case of epilepsy the child cannot be shaken.
2. Total Awakening
Total convulsions or total convulsions are total seizures in the child’s body. This type of serious seizure occurs in children with epilepsy. This type of seizure often causes the child to fall to the ground and also lose consciousness. Seizures experienced by an epileptic child for two to five minutes. When a child has a seizure, the child’s body will stiffen and vibrate uncontrollably. Children who have a complete seizure without realizing it will leak urine and saliva, accompanied by an eye that rolls backwards. When the seizure has taken place, children often do not realize what has happened to them and experience confusion.
3. Changes in Aura
Children with epilepsy get a different aura, usually making warning signs before the seizure takes place. Children will experience pain that is not clear then hear sounds that are not real and have problems with their vision or feelings that are uncomfortable with their eyesight.
The next symptom in a child with epilepsy is twitching. The child will experience twitching starting from one finger or palm then spreading to the arm and finally the whole body will experience twitching. In the position of your child experiencing twitching can be experienced in a conscious or unconscious state.
Causes of Epilepsy
In cases of epilepsy in children, only a small part of the cause can be identified. Even so, the following are the main causes of epilepsy in children, including:
- Children lack / low oxygen intake at birth.
- The child’s head is injured during the birth process.
- Have a brain tumor
- The occurrence of brain injuries caused by genetic conditions such as tuberous sclerosis.
- Occurrence of infection such as meningitis
- There are abnormal levels in the body such as blood sugar and sodium.
First aid for children with epilepsy
First aid for children who have epilepsy, as follows:
- Loosen or take off your child’s clothes so that nothing will make his condition worse
- Position with the head tilted to allow the child to breathe easily.
- Keep it away from objects that will make it hurt and bumped.
- If the seizure gets worse, immediately take it to a doctor for further diagnosis and examination.
You don’t need to panic, epilepsy will not be contagious and interfere with children’s intelligence. However, if a seizure lasts for more than 15 minutes it is feared that it will damage the brain, although it is rarely found in the case of children who have epilepsy, the seizure only lasts three minutes.
Pay attention to the aspects of treatment for children who have epilepsy, better the drugs recommended by the doctor For people who choose alternative medicine, pay attention to the side effects, it is feared that it will interfere with children’s health in the future. For the treatment of children with epilepsy, it is recommended that monotherapy treatment is using one type of drug. This is considered to be more effective than using various types of drugs.
Children who have epilepsy must have discipline in taking medication in the long term for therapy adherence. The drug is used to reduce seizures, if the child does not have seizures then the drug can be stopped. Meanwhile, it is feared that the sudden withdrawal of the drug will interfere with the electrical activity of the brain for children. Drugs that are stopped suddenly will make the child go back seizures and endanger the child’s condition.