It is important to maintain a child’s digestive health because 70-80% of the formation of a child’s immune system is formed in the digestive tract. If the child has indigestion, the absorption of nutrients will be hampered, besides that they are at risk of experiencing interference digestive function. To be more aware of digestive disorders in children, this article will discuss the understanding of digestive disorders in children, the important role of digestion in children, the precautions that must be taken to maintain healthy children’s digestion.
Definition of Digestive Disorders in Children
Often children complain of pain in the stomach? This is one of the early signs of indigestion. Indigestion is called dyspepsia, which is a condition of discomfort in the stomach. Although digestive disorders are common among children or adults, the symptoms must be watched out for.
Children who experience digestive disorders will inhibit the child’s growth and development. This condition is because digestion functions as the formation of body resistance, the process of absorption of nutrients and disturbs the intelligence of children if there is a nutritional imbalance due to obstruction of absorption of nutrients in the digestive process.
Indigestion in children is caused by an incomplete digestive system or consumption of food and drinks that triggers digestive disorders. Therefore, children need adjustment time to be able to adapt to the food they consume. Indigestion cannot be considered trivial because it will continue and require medical treatment to avoid other health problems.
Important role of digestion in children
Digestion in children has an important role, namely to form endurance. Children who have healthy digestion will affect their health. By having healthy health, the child’s growth and development will be optimal. In addition, children who have healthy digestion will affect their optimal nutritional needs.
The digestive system greatly affects the nutrition needed by the child, a healthy child’s digestive system will be able to absorb nutrients from the food and drink that is consumed according to the child’s body needs. child.
Digestion also plays an important role in children’s intelligence, this factor is associated with unbalanced absorption of nutrients that can interfere with children’s development and development. The disruption of growth and development in children will have an impact on children’s intelligence. The current development is that intelligent children are able to have two-way communication that can be supported by your brain’s abilities. With a healthy digestive tract, it makes maximum work and the nutrients the child’s body needs are absorbed optimally.
Prevention of digestive disorders in children
Preventing digestive disorders in children is done since the child is born, namely by giving exclusive breastfeeding. Breast milk, which is the baby’s main food, can provide immunity to the body and provide complete nutrition. Breast milk contains probiotics that can maintain metabolic processes in the body, can protect the intestinal wall and increase immunity.
In addition, to be able to help a good digestive system in children, it can be done while in the womb. Pregnant women are advised to consume foods that contain probiotics such as consuming yogurt. Consumption of foods containing probiotics can balance the growth of good bacteria and help educate in maintaining good digestive health.
Poor digestive disorders in children are related to difficult food intake in children. Thus, to help your child complete all nutritional needs as long as by paying attention to the food consumed. Generally, children only like one food, this hampers their nutritional intake. Therefore, you can divert interesting attention so that the child’s appetite for food increases. For example, by providing attractive cutlery or making bento.
Indigestion in children
Digestive disorders in children vary, here is a description of digestive disorders in children:
1. Impaired all digestive system functions
Disorders related to the child’s digestive system or irritable bowel syndrome, causing constipation, stomach pain, or diarrhea. The symptoms faced are generally changed bowel movements. The child may develop diarrhea more frequently or become constipated more frequently. The way to deal with children who experience irritable bowel syndrome is by stopping food and drinks that trigger diarrhea / constipation in children. Some foods to stop are foods that contain too much seasoning, too salty, sour or sweet.
2. Pyloric stenosis hypertrology
Children with pyloric stenosis hypertrol will experience 12 finger intestinal tract narrowing due to thickening of the intestinal wall muscles. This is what often occurs in children, namely vomiting while getting breast milk. The specific symptom of this medical disorder is vomiting that occurs in children aged 2-12 weeks. The medical action that is taken if it is confirmed that the health problem has been made is by making an incision but not cutting the pyloric muscle with the aim of widening the channel.
3. Recurrent abdominal pain
Children often experience recurrent abdominal pain and are often found in children aged 3 years. The causes can be various due to social, psychological, and something that triggers stress in children. Symptoms faced by children are recurring abdominal pain, even pain three or more times for three months and experiencing disruption in the child’s activities. The way to overcome this is by knowing the main causes in children and then consulting a child psychologist.
4. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding
If the vomiting child is accompanied by fresh or blackish blood spots due to denaturation of stomach acid. The reason is that the child has wounds in the ulcer and duodenum or varicose veins in the esophagus. Symptoms experienced by the child are vomiting blood and passing black stool.
In addition, there are many other digestive disorders experienced by children such as reflux, diarrhea due to infection, colic, constipation, bloating or bacterial intolerance. The way to deal with digestive disorders is by consulting a doctor to get a medication that is suitable for the child’s condition. This is because it cannot be diagnosed only from one symptom but must undergo a medical examination to help restore the child’s digestive health condition.
Healthy digestion in children will support optimal growth and development in children. So that the nutritional needs that the body needs are met, this is what will help in maintaining children’s health, immunity and children’s intelligence.