Along with gestational age which continues to increase, eating also increases the nutritional and nutritional needs of pregnant women, especially when gestational age enters the second trimester. During the second trimester, the fetus grows very rapidly, especially regarding the growth of the brain and its nervous system.
Good nutrition and nutrition when pregnancy takes place really helps pregnant women and the fetus in going through the days of their pregnancy. Of course, pregnant women and the fetus will stay healthy. During pregnancy, nutritional needs will increase as is the need for calcium, iron and folic acid. Pregnant women should be encouraged to consume good food nan nutrition, plus control of weight gain during pregnancy. The ideal weight gain is between 12-15 kilograms.
In order for fetal development to run well, and pregnant women can live their pregnancy days in a healthy manner, eating pregnant women must contain the following nutrients:
Calories. During pregnancy the calorie consumption should increase in the range of 300-400 kcal per day. The calories obtained must come from a variety of food sources, where a 4 healthy 5 perfect diet should be the reference. The good thing is, 55% of calories are obtained from tubers and rice as a source of carbohydrates, 35% of both vegetable and animal fats, 10% of protein and vegetables and fruits can complement.
Asama Folate. The fetus really needs large amounts of folic acid for cell formation and the nervous system. During the first trimester the fetus will need an additional 400 micrograms of folic acid per day. If the fetus is deficient in folic acid, this will make the development of the fetus imperfect and can result in the fetus being born with abnormalities such as experiencing anenchephaly (without a skull), experiencing cleft lip and suffering from spina bifda (a condition where the spine is not connected). Folic acid which can be found in fruits, brown rice and green vegetables.
Protein. Apart from being a source of calories and building blocks, the formation of blood and cells is a function of protein. Protein is needed by pregnant women in the amount of about 60 grams per day or 10 grams more than usual. Protein can be obtained from nuts, tempeh, egg whites, meat and tofu.
Calcium. Serves in the growth and formation of fetal teeth and bones. With sufficient calcium during pregnancy, pregnant women can avoid osteoporosis. Why did this happen? because if pregnant women do not have enough calcium, the fetus’s need for calcium will be taken from the mother’s bones. Milk and other processed products are good sources of calcium, apart from calcium, milk contains other vitamins that pregnant women need, such as vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B2, vitamin B3 and vitamin C. Apart from milk, nuts and green vegetables are good source of calcium too.
Vitamin A. Very beneficial for the maintenance of eye function, bone and skin growth. In addition, vitamin A also functions as immunity and fetal growth. However, even though vitamin A is very much needed by pregnant women, do not overdo it in consuming it, because if pregnant women experience excess vitamin A this can make the fetus’s growth disturbed.
Iron. Serves in the formation of blood, especially to form red blood cells hemoglobin and reduces the risk of pregnant women developing anemia. Iron will be needed at 20 weeks of pregnancy. The need for iron as much as 30 mg per day. Iron can be found in liver, meat or fish.
Vitamin C. The body of pregnant women needs vitamin C to absorb iron. In addition, vitamin C is very good for healthy gums and teeth. Another function of vitamin C is to protect tissues from body organs from various kinds of damage and provide the brain with chemical signals, this happens because vitamin C contains a lot of antioxidants.
Vitamin D. Can absorb calcium so it is very useful in the formation and growth of baby’s bones. Vitamin D can be obtained from food sources, milk, egg yolks or fish liver.
If pregnant women do not experience various kinds of symptoms such as anemia, bleeding gums and other symptoms, then the pregnant woman can be said to have fulfilled her nutritional and nutritional needs. It is more important to check nutritional adequacy during pregnancy, of course, through the development of body weight during pregnancy. Of course, weight gain varies each month. (Read: Ideal Body Weight During Pregnancy).
But what if during pregnancy the pregnant woman experiences a lack of nutritional intake? then this can have an impact on the occurrence of babies born prematurely, resulting in miscarriage, the baby’s abnormalities in the nervous system, the fetus develops abnormally, and even causes fetal death. So, pay close attention to nutritional intake during pregnancy, which needs to be kept in mind, don’t meet nutritional and nutritional needs because of quantity, but quality nutrition with a balanced and sufficient composition is the most important.