Oral hygiene if not maintained, will cause several problems, one of which is swollen gums. Swollen gums capable of causing discomfort and mouth disorders that are not said to be mild. If this condition is not treated quickly, it will affect the tissue and bones that function as supporting teeth. One of the causes of swollen gums is an infection.
In general, swollen gums can be followed by other symptoms. Symptoms that arise include the appearance of pus under the gums or teeth, bad breath, even an uncomfortable and unpleasant taste in the mouth. These symptoms are symptoms of developing a condition known as periodontitis. In fact, gums are healthy when you brush your teeth and if you touch them, they won’t bleed.
Gums that are pink in color, tight, and can provide a very strong resistance to the teeth. These are the main characteristics of healthy and ideal gums. Something that happens of course there are several things that cause it. So what are the causes of swollen gums?
Why can swollen gums occur?
Swollen gum disease is a condition that is often encountered. This disease can strike at any age. This condition can be characterized by enlarged, bulging and even prominent gums. Here are some things that can increase the risk of swollen gums occurring.
- The presence of dental plaque that has accumulated. Dental plaque contains many types of bacteria. Some of these bacteria can harm the health of the gums.
- Inflammation of the gums or gingivity
- Fungal or viral infection
- Habit to smoke
- Skorbut or lack of nutritional intake. Skorbut is a condition in which the body is deficient in vitamin C.
- Improper fitting of dentures and other dental equipment.
- Gum sensitivity caused by using certain toothpaste
- Use of mouthwash
- Consuming certain drugs such as anti-epilepsy, hormonal contraceptives, and calcium channel blockers.
How do you deal with swollen gums?
Swollen gums are a minor annoyance. In general, this condition can be treated by changing the habit of cleaning the mouth. Get in the habit of brushing your teeth 2 times a day, every day and it’s better to complement your hygiene using regular dental floss. Another way you can do is as follows.
- Apply a cold compress to reduce swelling of the gums.
- Increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables
- Avoid smoking, alcoholic drinks, and foods that are high in sugar.
- Changing toothpaste if the gums are swollen due to the sensitivity of certain toothpaste.
- Stop taking certain drugs that can cause swollen gums.
- Tooth plaque removal
- Clean the root area of the tooth, between the gums. This is called root planning to remove bacteria in the mouth.
Swollen gums that are already in severe condition need special handling. In certain conditions, it will require the provision of pain relievers, antibiotics and the use of special mouthwashes. If the gums are swollen for a long time, more than two weeks you should immediately consult a doctor.
Steps to prevent swollen gums
The habit of brushing your teeth regularly and doing it properly is the most effective step. Of course, this step is to prevent some dental and mouth problems. One of them is a disorder of the swollen gums. However, you should avoid brushing your teeth too hard.
This can damage the soft tissue on the gums. You should be able to choose a soft toothbrush bristle with a blunt tip. The tip of a hard toothbrush can cause tooth enamel and gums to become irritated. Use the direction to brush your teeth in a circular motion.
In addition, there are several things that are done to prevent swollen gums. You can do it at home. Here are the points.
- Consume foods with a balanced nutritional content. Calcium and vitamin c content must be consumed. Expand to consume water too.
- Avoid foods or drinks that are too hot and cold
- Avoid smoking and other tobacco products
- Avoid consuming popcorn. This type of food can become lodged between the teeth and gums.
- Relaxing. If the body experiences excessive stress, it can increase our risk of inflammation, including the gums.
Treat swollen teeth in the following natural ways!
Fortunately, you can easily treat swollen gums and gums at home. Now for symptoms of swollen gums that are still relatively mild, here’s how you can do:
Gargle with salt water
Gargling with salt water is not only effective in cleaning tartar or dental plaque. Salt is useful as a remedy for swollen gums. The sodium content in salt can be a natural antiseptic. Of course, for oral health. You can do this by mixing water and salt, then rinse your mouth after brushing your teeth.
Gargle with lemon water
We can find other antiseptic content in lemons. Lemon contains acids that are very useful for the mouth. The content of acids as natural alkalis as a pH balance in the mouth is very good. You can easily, simply squeeze the lemon by mixing it in a glass of warm water. Then you use it as a mouthwash, do it three times a day.
Apply a mixture of pepper, salt, and water
The mixed kitchen spices have a function as a natural remedy for swollen gums. Especially pepper. Pepper has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. This content is very useful for pain relief. You can try it by mixing pepper, salt and a little water. Then stir until the ingredients are in the form of a paste, rub it on the swollen gums.
Starfruit is very effective to kill the types of bacteria in the mouth. You can choose starfruit that is not ripe yet, then you can grow it until smooth. After it is finished growing, you can apply it directly to the swollen gums. You can do this three times a day.
Gargle with guava leaf boiled water
Not only as a medicinal ingredient for diarrhea, this material is able to eradicate bacteria in the mouth. You can do this by boiling several pieces of guava leaves. After that, the difference with the diarrhea medicine, this cooking water can be drunk immediately. However, in the context of being a medicine for swollen gums, the decoct
ion of some guava leaves is used as a mouthwash.
Also Read: 4 Easy Ways to Take Care of Gums in Babies
If some of the methods above do not work to cure swollen gums, you should immediately consult a doctor. The doctor will provide appropriate treatment and treatment. The role of the gums and the mouth is very important. Disorders that occur in the gums can be fatal.
Especially in other parts of the mouth. You must maintain regular oral hygiene. Dental care is highly recommended every six months.
Hope it is useful.