As a married couple, you certainly yearn for pregnancy. It’s just that, after getting pregnant sometimes things are not as expected. About 2% pregnancy worldwide are pregnancies outside the womb. Pregnancy outside the womb is a complication that will be fatal. Pregnancy outside the womb will be potentially dangerous for you. Therefore, it is important to recognize the early signs of pregnancy outside the womb.
Definition of Pregnancy Outside the Gynecology
Pregnancy outside the womb in medical language is called an ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs when the egg, which should stick to the uterus, instead sticks to another place. Usually pregnancy outside the womb occurs in the fallopian tube, therefore ectopic pregnancy is often referred to as tubal pregnancy. However, there are some cases where an ectopic pregnancy occurs in the ovaries or ovaries, abdominal cavity or cervix.
Pregnancy outside the womb is a dangerous situation because it can be life threatening. Usually this condition occurs during the first few weeks of pregnancy. In general, maintaining a pregnancy outside the womb is not easy. Apart from the uterus, the organs in the stomach are not specially designed for the embryo’s growth and development. Because of that, the fertilized egg in an ectopic pregnancy will not be able to develop properly as it should. This situation will usually lead to the death of the embryo or fetus.
Causes of Pregnancy Outside the Womb
After fertilization, the fertilized egg should travel from the fallopian tube to the uterus. However, if the tube is damaged or the passage is blocked, the fallopian tube will fail to push the egg towards the uterus. As a result the eggs will get trapped in the tube so that they will develop there. (Also read: How to Recognize the Characteristics of a Pregnant Person? These 27 Common Signs )
Although the exact cause is not known, several factors are known to increase the risk of pregnancy outside the womb. Here are some risk factors that will cause pregnancy outside the womb:
- Women have congenital fallopian tube disorders
- Have a previous history of ectopic pregnancy
- Have a history of endometriosis
- Pregnancy at 35 years of age or older
- Have a history of previous operations on the abdominal cavity
- Perform fertility treatment to stimulate ovulation
- Scar tissue appears after the appendix ruptures
- The appearance of scar tissue due to infection or surgery of the female organs
- Pregnancy occurs while using the IUD contraception
- Have a smoking habit
Out-of-the-Way Signs of Pregnancy
Some women who have an ectopic pregnancy do not usually experience any symptoms. Until finally he found out that he had an ectopic pregnancy after being examined by a doctor because of a disturbance in the fallopian tube accompanied by symptoms of abdominal pain.
If symptoms of pregnancy outside the womb appear, they will usually start to be felt at 5 to 14 weeks of gestation. For more details, you can see the discussion below.
Classic Characteristics of Pregnancy Outside of Gynecology
There are 3 main symptoms that indicate a pregnant woman outside the womb as follows:
- Not menstruation. Pregnancy outside the womb is generally the same as a normal pregnancy sign. In the case of pregnancy outside the womb, a woman is late or does not come for months. Then when the pregnancy check was done, the tests showed positive.
- Pain on one side of the stomach. You will feel intense pain on one side of the stomach, either the left or the right side, the pain will get worse over time. If this is the case, it is a sign that the ectopic pregnancy is disturbed, the place where the egg attaches to it can break and if left untreated it will cause internal bleeding. This bleeding will not be seen from the outside, but suddenly the patient’s blood pressure drops and even causes fainting.
- Bleeding. Vaginal bleeding can be a feature of pregnancy outside the womb. The bleeding that appears is of course different from the bleeding during your period.
Apart from some of the signs above, usually some other symptoms appear but less frequently, such as the following:
- Intestinal pain. Signs of ectopic pregnancy that do not usually appear include pain when passing stool or stool.
- Shoulder pain. The cause of pain at the tip of the shoulder is not known with certainty. However, this usually occurs when you lie down for too long, and indicates that an ectopic pregnancy is causing internal bleeding. The phrenic nerve is thought to be irritated due to bleeding, which is found in the diaphragm. When this nerve is irritated, pain will appear and can also be felt in the shoulder blades.
- Diarrhea and vomiting. Symptoms of pregnancy outside the womb can mimic those of gastrointestinal diseases such as vomiting and diarrhea.
Like normal pregnancy in general, pregnancy outside the womb will also produce hormones like a normal pregnancy. Of course, normal pregnancy symptoms will appear as follows:
- Feels pain in the breast
- Menstruation stopped
- Feel tired
- Urinating frequently
Dangers of Pregnancy Outside of Gynecology
Pregnancy outside the womb if not treated will cause emergency conditions or fatal complications. Here are the dangers of pregnancy outside the womb that you should know:
Rupture of the Fallopian Tube which Will Cause Death
The most dangerous condition is the rupture of an ectopic pregnancy which will cause internal bleeding, shock, pain in the pelvis and can even lead to death. The danger sign in an ectopic pregnancy is if the sufferer is weak, pale and has severe pain that appears suddenly. This symptom indicates that the fallopian tube has been torn due to a pregnancy outside the womb. The occurrence of a tear in the uterus or fallopian tube will cause heavy bleeding in the pelvic cavity. Because like that, the sufferer must get emergency treatment.
Recurrent Ectopic Pregnancy
An ectopic pregnancy will increase your risk of having an ectopic pregnancy again. In the case of an ectopic pregnancy, the fetus can grow in the fallopian tube, causing damage to the surrounding tubal tissue. This situation will allow the egg to be stuck back in the fallopian tube in the next pregnancy.
Pregnancy outside the womb can have an impact on fertility problems, maybe even reduce the chances of getting pregnant. If the other fallopian tubes are still in good condition, the chances of a woman getting pregnant again are around 60 percent. Some of the factors associated with an ec
topic pregnancy that can affect fertility include, other fallopian tube health after ectopic pregnancy, the degree of fallopian tube damage after ectopic pregnancy and a history of infertility.
Ectopic pregnancy can be a bad experience for women. Apart from having to give up your future baby, the treatment process will make you stressed, tired and worried about future pregnancies. (See also: Islamic Baby Boy Names )
Women who have had an ectopic pregnancy should do early evaluation of future pregnancies to ensure that they are normal or are in the uterus, not pregnant outside the womb. You can see your doctor right away if you experience some of the pregnancy symptoms described above.
This article is reviewed by Midwife Pevi Revina sTR. Keb