According to a source from the World Health Organization (WHO), it is explained that children under five will be declared suffering from anemia (lack of blood) if their hemoglobin level is below 11 g / dl, while for children aged from 5 years to adolescence will be declared suffering from anemia if the level is hemoglobin is below 12 g / dl. WHO also said that the possibility of children under five suffering from anemia is in the percentage of around 39%, and 24% in children aged 5-11 years. This percentage figure is certainly not a small number, for that it is very important to be aware of any symptoms and complaints in children and toddlers, including when symptoms of anemia arise.
One of the biggest causes of anemia is a lack of iron intake from the body. Children who are deficient in iron will show several symptoms such as sluggishness, fatigue, pallor, lack of enthusiasm and decreased appetite. That is why children who have anemia will have an effect on the decline in their enthusiasm for learning which makes their achievement decrease. In addition, the immune system of children who suffer from anemia due to iron deficiency will become weak and make them susceptible to disease. An even more worrying condition is anemia due to iron deficiency if it occurs in children under five, because this will interfere with the child’s intelligence level.
Basically, from birth, babies have iron reserves in their bodies. It’s just that, the numbers are so limited. Iron reserves in babies born at full term are only sufficient to meet their needs until the baby is 6 months old. In contrast to babies born prematurely or not at term, babies with premature iron stores can only meet their needs until the baby is 2 to 3 months old.
Well, here are some ways to prevent anemia or iron in children.
1. Increase Exclusive Breastfeeding
Breast milk is the best food for babies. Although the iron content in breast milk is low, its absorption is relatively high. Providing sufficient breastfeeding at least until the baby is 6 months old will prevent the child from suffering from anemia.
2. Strive for Children not to be Affected by Mine Worms
Hookworm transmission can occur when children consume food that has been contaminated with hookworms through their dirty hands. For that, make sure that the child’s hands are always hygienic, especially when he is about to eat and drink. Ask the children to wash their hands with soap every time they touch food.
That’s the insight into the dangers of anemia in children. In addition, also provide food with complete and balanced nutrition to ensure the fulfillment of good substances for the child’s body, including iron to prevent children from anemia.