Prevention and treatment of pregnant women infected with the herpes virus can be done. This is to prevent the worst possibility of herpes on the health of the mother and fetus. This article will help you to find out how much negative herpes affects pregnant women and how the solutions are taken so that herpes does not harm the fetus and pregnant women.
Herpes disease can be divided into two, namely herpes simplex and shingles. Herpes simpelks generally attacks the mouth and lips and some are lodged in the genitals, while in shingles, the skin of the body will be attacked, usually attacking only one side of the body.
Herpes comes from the herpes virus which can be transmitted easily. Herpes virus is transmitted through contact with herpes pox or saliva, while genital herpes is transmitted through husband and wife relationship from a person with herpes.
Genital herpes disease in women generally does not show symptoms but must remain vigilant because it will be contagious. Genital herpes disease has a primary infection, viral replication, a latent stage and a recurrent stage. The growth of herpes simplex or genital herpes will take place faster, even growth can take 8-16 hours until the process is complete.
Meanwhile, transmission of herpes is through contact from a person with herpes to someone through food and drink at the same time, saliva and equipment contaminated with the herpes virus. Mouth is an infection that often occurs as a medium for spreading the virus from an infected person to those around him. (Also read: Signs of Pregnancy )
Herpes Disease In Pregnant Women
Herpes falls into the group TORCH disease is a disease caused by a virus to interfere with pregnancy. The virus that causes herpes is divided into two types, namely the herpes simplex type 1 virus which commonly attacks the mouth, while the herpes simplex virus type 2 generally attacks the genital organs.
Pregnant women often experience genital herpes, which is a herpes virus that is spread through the sexual activity of infected people. If a man is infected with the herpes virus, it can be transmitted through sperm fluids to the female genitals.
Even herpes virus type 1 can attack the mouth and is transmitted through the genital organs through oral sex. Similar to the herpes 2 virus, which is often found in the genital organs alone, it can be transmitted to the mouth with the same treatment, namely unhealthy sexual relations. Women have a greater risk of developing herpes than men. This condition is because women have a wider and more open genital surface.
The spread of the herpes virus is now commonly found in young women. The danger if left untreated will have the potential to recur and get infected so that the virus will forever be in the body. The most worrying thing would be to disrupt the pregnancy and childbirth of the mother and fetus.
Pregnancy planning checks are needed to determine the health readiness of the mother and fetus. In addition, herpes must be identified through the symptoms that occur in pregnant women. Although herpes disease cannot be completely cured, it can be detected early so that it does not pose too much risk to pregnant women and the fetus.
The following are the symptoms experienced by pregnant women who have herpes:
- Experiencing boils with a reddish color and resembling smallpox
- Women will experience unbearable pain
- Pregnant women have fever and flu
- Experiencing headaches and shaking
However, not every herpes virus can produce symptoms. Doctor’s examination before pregnancy is highly recommended so that it does not result in fatal problems for the health of the mother and fetus.
Effects of Herpes on Mother and Fetus
Herpes disease will endanger pregnancy, especially if pregnant women are infected with the herpes virus for the first time. Pregnant women who are infected with herpes for the first time will endanger the health of the fetus, this condition is because when they are first infected with the herpes virus they will experience a longer active period than recurring herpes diseases. This is what causes more herpes particles to develop in the body.
In addition, pregnant women who are first exposed to the herpes virus do not have optimal immunity to protect their babies. Even though when giving birth the baby’s body will come in contact with the mother’s genitals which can make it infected.
Herpes disease in pregnant women will increase the risk of miscarriage. A condition where the herpes virus will enter the placental tube and cause a miscarriage, however, cases of miscarriage in mothers who have herpes are rare.
Pregnant women who have herpes should be checked regularly to observe the development of herpes and also be given antivirals. Especially when pregnant women have a normal delivery through the birth canal. The baby will be infected and pass through the birth canal so that it can cause infection which will cause serious viruses when the baby grows up.
Prevention of Mother-to-Fetal Herves
Although babies born to mothers who contract herpes through normal delivery will have a 40% risk of neonatal herpes. Even though babies are not immediately infected by the herpes virus, if the sufferer is experiencing poor health conditions it will cause herpes to be easily transmitted to the baby.
This is what pregnant women should be aware of that the herpes virus can infect the fetus through the birth canal of normal delivery. The ways to prevent herpes include:
- Mothers can separate baby toiletries with personal equipment. For example a mother’s towel infected with herpes with a baby shower.
- Keep the baby’s eating utensils clean so you avoid viruses.
- Mothers wash their hands after touching wounds or from the toilet before touching babies
- If the herpes recurs in the mouth area, keep your distance from the baby
- Put a clean towel and blanket so that you limit the baby when it comes in contact with the skin
- Avoid touching the baby directly when the mother has herpes, especially if the mother has herpes in the mouth, avoid kissing the baby so that it increases the risk of getting herpes
Thus, women are more susceptible to infection with the herpes virus, herpes virus type 1 or type 2. The danger of the herpes virus in pregnant women is that if this is the first time pregnant women experience an infection, it makes the mother’s immune system compromised and will also be at risk of being transmitted to the baby. Babies with the herpes virus become infected from the birth canal when labor takes place. The baby will come in direct contact with the herpes virus suffered by the mother and check whether the baby is infected or not must be done immediately.