In some cases, children who experience impetigo are characterized by wounds such as blisters. Although it is not dangerous, complications in children who experience impetigo may occur. This is the importance of the role of parents in prevention and treatment (if the child is already stricken with impetigo). In this article, we will discuss the types of impetigo, the characteristics of children affected by impetigo, the factors that cause children to develop impetigo, prevention that can be done and tips for treating children with impetigo.
Impetigo is a very contagious disease. Even if it hits a wound or object that is held, Impetigo can heal by itself but it is better to immediately do treatment so that it does not spread and the infection gets worse.
Impetigo has several types, the following are types of impetigo:
1. Impetigo Contagiosa
This type of impetigo has red sores on the face and often appears on the mouth and nose. In this type of impetigo contagiosa, the wound will quickly burst, water and have pus, even in dry conditions, it will be brown. Impetigo Contagiosa does not cause fever but swelling of the lymph nodes. Impetigo is contagious, making it easier for the infection to spread to other parts of the body.
2. Bullous Impetigo
This type affects many children under 2 years. Even impetigo is painful and blisters filled with fluid. Infected sores can become sores and take longer to heal than other types of impetigo. The body parts most commonly affected by bullous impetigo are the body, legs and arms.
The type of impetigo that can attack the skin dermis. Symptoms of a child who has this type of impetigo are painful, fluid or purulent sores. The scar will be difficult to disappear even though it has healed and can even cause swelling of the lymph nodes in the infected part of the body.
In addition, impetigo can cause complications, although rarely occur, such as Poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis (PSGN), which is inflammation of the kidneys that develops due to bacterial infection and often affects children aged 6-10 years. Furthermore, Cellulitis attacks the tissue under the skin and will spread to the lymph and enter the bloodstream. There are also those that cause infection with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) which is resistant to antibiotics. Lastly it can cause complications that cause skin tone to darken or lighten.
Characteristics of a Child Affected by Impetigo
Impetigo is not a dangerous disease related to the fatal system of children, but Impetigo will cause serious health problems if left untreated. Impetigo is a skin infection caused by the Staphylocovvus Aures bacteria that affects children of all ages. Whereas in children aged 2-5 years it is generally caused by streptococcoli. This type of germ is very contagious.
In children affected by Impetigo, they will experience red sores on the face area and around the child’s nose and mouth. It is even a common sign experienced by children who experience impetigo. If the child’s wound gets worse, the wound will burst and drain pus for several days so that it will form a yellowish brown crust or ulcer on the skin area.
Children who have the germs that cause impetigo can be concluded as having the following characteristics:
- The child’s skin has a red color accompanied by small spots on the face, head and hands.
- On the affected part of the skin it will blister so that the discharge has a honey yellow color and is getting wider.
- Children with impetigo will experience itching in red areas on the skin.
- If the pain will spread to other parts of the body so that the fluid will be blistered.
- There will be swelling of the infected lymph nodes in the surrounding area.
The factors that cause impetigo
Impetigo is a disease caused by a bacterial infection. Even so, impetigo in children can occur because of contact with sufferers. This disease is very contagious even on items or objects with previous impetigo sufferers.
The following are some of the factors that cause impetigo to spread:
- When your child interacts with friends who have impetigo to allow direct contact with impetigo sores and it spreads.
- In hot and humid weather, impetigo infection is easier to attack children.
- On skin that is injured, it makes it easier for the bacterial infection that causes impetigo to get into the injured skin.
- Children who suffer from diabetes due to more serious ecthyma, which is more serious than the type of impetigo.
Prevention of Impetigo in children
The spread of impetigo can be prevented by keeping the body clean, including:
- Washing hands and feet using shabu.
- If you have been in contact with a child suffering from impetigo, immediately clean your hands with soap.
- Cut your child’s nails regularly to avoid impetigo germs.
- Try not to touch the nose and mouth when your child’s hands are dirty.
- For impetigo sufferers, the items used must be separated, wash them with soap and hot water.
Impetigo treatment in children
To detect impetigo in children, the doctor will see the wound, there is no need to do laboratory tests. If a child has impetigo, antibiotics will be given to overcome the spread of this disease. In addition, creams and ointments are often given to children who have impetigo.
For wounds that do not heal, a sample of fluid will be taken from the wound to find out the type of antibiotic that matches the type of impetigo. Although basically impetigo will heal on its own, if it is not healed and left untreated, it will cause more serious complications.
Thus impetigo is a skin disease caused by germs, it is very easy to spread and even very often affects children. This disease is not dangerous, but if it is difficult to recover and complications occur it will be dangerous. This type of disease is very easily prevented by cleaning yourself from bacteria and always cleaning yourself when in direct contact with someone suffering from impetigo. Impetigo can be cured by using antibiotics according to doctor’s recommendations, drugs given in the form of creams or ointments. If it is difficult to recover, a laboratory test will be carried out to determine the type of antibiotic that matches the bacteria that causes impetigo in children.