However, after checking, the patient’s condition is continuously monitored to ensure that the incubation process occurs within 21 days. The government’s protection against the Ebola epidemic deserves full attention because based on WHO records Ebola has reached 14,072 cases worldwide and 36.60 ended in deaths. (Read: Beware of Ebola, Threatening the World Population? )
The development of the Ebola virus has increasingly made people worried, even though in Indonesia there are no positive cases of Ebola but prevention must be done, considering that Ebola is a deadly disease.
The following are facts and myths that are circulating about Ebola that you don’t know about:
1. Ebola has a 100 percent mortality rate
Ebola has a very variable mortality rate. It’s just that until now there is no cure and vaccine for Ebola so there is a need for medical development to help alleviate Ebola sufferers and reduce the death rate caused by the Ebola virus. The way to reduce mortality is to dedicate active medicine, including the development of an effective vaccine to stop the spread of the virus.
2. Ebola cannot be controlled
In nearly 40 years, Ebola has occurred 25 times. In most of these cases, epidemiologists and doctors can get the disease under control very quickly. This virus can be controlled, as long as the health authorities are willing to play an active role in dealing with the Ebola virus. Even now Ebola has become the attention of world health organizations so that the spread of the Ebola epidemic can be stopped.
3. The patient will always experience bleeding
Many describe Ebola sufferers as prone to bleeding in fact, it started much more like a case of flu. As the infection progresses, the patient may experience diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, muscle aches, and fever. While bleeding occurs, it does not always result in external bleeding.
4. The victim is still contagious
The fact is that the Ebola virus can stay alive in sperm for three months, as well as for a long time in breast milk. So that mothers affected by Ebola must be put in isolation and separated from their children. Even until the mother is completely cured of the Ebola virus and is not allowed to give milk for up to three months from the process of curing Ebola disease.
5. Ebola will not be transmitted through the air
The risk of transmitting Ebola through the air is very low, perhaps the most important thing we know because it is not a very adaptive virus. Unlike the influenza virus which is in the air, Ebola infects patients who are close to each other and are exposed to fluids and blood directly. So you don’t have to worry that Ebola does not spread through the air when the patient coughs and sneezes, but you must remain vigilant, saliva can potentially transmit the virus.
6. Ebola is a concern of the World Health Organization
Did you know that 3,500 patients have died in West Africa and the World Health Organization estimates that about 1.4 million will be a threat. However, nearly 50,000 people die each year from the influenza virus, which can be prevented by simple inoculation. 14 people die of measles every hour around the world, despite the fact that it is also a vaccine-preventable disease. 760,000 children under five die from diarrhea each year, and many cases can be prevented with better hygiene, care and access to nutrition.
7. Cleaning and sanitizing the special materials needed to fight Ebola
In fact, washing hands with soap is one of the prevention of bacteria and viruses, as well as the spread of the Ebola virus. Whereas for those of you who want to be more practical, you can use alcohol-based hand sanitizers without rinsing with water, it’s just that it won’t be good if used by nurses or workers dealing with soil, blood and other dangerous liquids, you must still wash them using soap and water first first.
8. There is no specific food that can prevent Ebola outbreaks
Especially the myths that spread in West Africa, the beliefs about some special foods that are spreading in the community regarding the Ebola virus. Even some people there believe red onions can reduce the spread of the Ebola virus even though by consuming a balanced diet can help patients build a stronger immune system, which can help fight infection, there are no foods that can help to prevent Ebola. This is because Ebola is caused by a virus and until now a vaccine for Ebola virus has not been found. (Read: Can Ebola Infect Through Food? )
9. Ebola Becomes a Global Threat
Ebola poses a global threat, namely a threat to public health and world security, as well as instability in government. This is because several other countries have banned flights to countries that have had Ebola cases, this is one of the government’s steps to protect their citizens against the dangers of this deadly disease. Meanwhile Ebola is still a problem that requires global cooperation to exercise control, from aid supplies to vaccine development to stopping the Ebola spread and outbreak.
10. The research
Now research is being aimed at testing the ZMapp vaccine, which can cure the Ebola virus in monkeys. In fact, it can work up to 100% and the virus has entered its final stage.
The researchers conducted the ZMapp vaccine, which was developed to tame the Ebola virus and also cure it as a therapeutic method. In fact, the ZMapp vaccine has been injected using additional serum so that it can improve the performance of the vaccine so that it can be cured in late-stage viruses.
However, the number of these vaccines is limited and cannot meet the vaccine needs of about 20 thousand patients infected with the Ebola virus. Researchers must work extra to be able to reduce the spread of this virus in West Africa.
Thus, people infected with Ebola are difficult to cure because of the lack of development of drugs and vaccines for Ebola sufferers, it’s just that prevention can be done by using good and correct procedures for health service providers, especially nurses, doctors and laboratory workers. Even a very easy and often overlooked prevention is washing your hands with soap so you can avoid viruses or bacteria.
Ebola virus transmission from sufferers to other people is very easy, even for those of you who have direct interaction with people who have died with Ebola, you must be careful because it still has the potential to transmit the Ebola virus. In addition, patients who have been declared cured still have to undergo medical monitoring because they can still transmit the Ebola virus.