Lack of blood or anemia is a condition caused by a decreased number of red blood cells. Red blood cells contain the composition of hemoglobin, which acts as a messenger for oxygen to all body cells. If the red blood cells are deficient, the oxygen and carbon dioxide transportation processes in the body are affected, resulting in symptoms or characteristics of lack of blood. Also read: Anemia in pregnant women
Here are some of the characteristics or symptoms of anemia or anemia that you can recognize.
Characteristics of Lack of Blood
Get tired quickly
One of the characteristics of lack of blood or enemia, one of which is getting tired quickly. Limp, lethargy, tired, limp and inattentive are common symptoms of anemia. This symptom is often complained of by almost all sufferers of anemia. This situation is caused by disturbed function of red blood cells to carry oxygen. Cells in the body experience an unhealthy metabolism, so as a result, sufferers will experience fatigue.
If this situation is allowed to continue, then as a result the sufferer will not be able to move as usual. If this is experienced by children, they will experience problems with growth and the learning process will experience problems because they have difficulty concentrating.
Headaches and Dizziness
Dizziness and headaches will be experienced by the sufferer when he is in a standing position for too long. This is caused by a lack of red blood cells that carry oxygen to the brain.
The brain is very sensitive to oxygen deprivation. If the red blood cells that function to carry oxygen are reduced, the cells in the brain will respond. The responses that will be given by the brain include headaches and dizziness. Even these dizziness and headaches are accompanied by lightheaded eyes.
Another characteristic of anemia that is commonly experienced by sufferers is pale. You can see this situation in the palms of the hands, eyes and fingertips of the sufferer. In people with serious anemia, the palms of the hands and the tips of the fingers can look very pale. In a number of cases, anemia experienced by sufferers is caused by the destruction of red blood cells by the antibodies themselves, sufferers often complain that their eyes and skin look yellowish.
Because the body is weak, it will cause the sufferer to lose appetite. So that as a result the situation deteriorated and further aggravated the situation.
Other characteristics of lack of blood include palpitations for no apparent reason, frequent tingling in the hands and feet, difficulty concentrating and difficulty sleeping.
The Most Effective Blood Enhancing Foods
To overcome or prevent anemia or anemia, one way you can do this is by consuming blood-boosting foods. Some foods are known to be very effective at increasing blood, so that the sufferer can quickly recover from this situation. Or for those of you who do not experience the problem of lack of blood, you can avoid this situation.
Here are some of the most effective blood boosting foods that are important to know.
Foods Rich in Iron
For healthy people, consuming foods rich in iron is useful for preventing blood deficiency or enemia and keeping the oxygen needs of body cells met. Meanwhile, for people with blood deficiency, especially in people with iron deficiency anemia, foods that are rich in iron, consumption of foods containing iron plays a role in helping increase blood so that the anemia they experience can be overcome.
Foods that are a source of iron include red meat such as mutton, beef and buffalo meat. Apart from red meat, organ meats are known to be rich in iron such as liver and kidney. Other iron-rich foods include leafy greens such as spinach and kale, nuts, egg yolks and dried raisins.
Foods Rich In Vitamin B12
Vitamin B12 in the body has a role to produce red blood cells in the spinal cord and for DNA synthesis. If a person is deficient in vitamin B-12, then as a result he will experience less blood. This condition is also known as megaloblastic anemia. Patients with megaloblastic anemia, the red blood cells are immature. As a result, it cannot store and transport oxygen in the tissue. Because like that, sufferers need blood-boosting foods rich in vitamin B-12. Foods that are a source of vitamin B-12 include red meat, fish, beef liver, eggs, milk, cereals, dairy products, and so on.
Foods Rich in Folic Acid
Folic acid, also known as vitamin B9, is a B-complex vitamin that helps the body make new red blood cells. The result of folic acid deficiency can cause anemia. Blood booster foods that are rich in folic acid are needed to increase blood. Foods rich in folic acid include bread and cereals, green leafy vegetables such as spinach and kale, peas, dried beans and other legumes.
Foods Containing High Protein
Cells in the body need protein as the main ingredient for their production, including red blood cells. To help increase blood, sufferers are advised to consume foods rich in protein. Foods that are a source of protein include, for example, meat, fish, eggs and nuts.
Age-Appropriate Blood Enhancing Foods
The decrease in red blood cells in the body is generally caused by a lack of iron. When iron is deficient, the body cannot produce enough hemoglobin or red blood cell substance which has a role to carry oxygen to body tissues.
The need for iron to increase blood itself varies with each age. If iron intake is adjusted to the needs, it will maximize iron absorption to increase blood. The following are blood booster foods according to the age group:
- To prevent blood loss in babies, you can give breast milk or formula milk that is fortified with iron. As much as possible, keep breastfeeding your baby until at least 12 months of age.
- If your little one is more than one year old, as much as possible avoid your little one from consuming too much milk. Consumption of milk will reduce the portion of the meal.
- Avoid giving cow’s milk. Because cow’s milk is not the best source of iron for children under 1 year of age.
- If your little one is 6 months old, you can introduce solid foods or complementary foods of breast milk (MPASI). You can provide foods that contain vitamin C, which can increase the absorption of non-heme iron.
- In a day, babies need about 11 mg of iron.
Toddlers and Children
- If your child is one year old, he can be given cow’s milk, soy milk or goat’s milk. However, the provision of milk should not exceed 0.2 liters per day. If your little one is 2 years old, you should give low-fat milk as a source of iron for your little one.
- You can offer lean meats, as well as cereals and breads that contain iron.
- Also give fruits that contain vitamin C to absorb iron.
- Children aged 4-8 years need approximately 10 mg of iron. Meanwhile, for ages 9-13 years, about 8 mg.
Adult Men and Women
- Eat foods that contain iron such as fish, red meat or poultry.
- Eat fruits and vegetables that are high in vitamin C.
- Boys need about 11 mg of iron and teenage girls need 15 mg per day.
- Adult men need about 8 mg and adult women need about 18 mg per day.