Post Flood Disease – One of the problems during the rainy season is flooding. Water that overflows and inundates residents’ houses will certainly do a lot of harm. In addition, during a flood or after a flood there are usually many diseases that are susceptible to attacking residents. Therefore, during or after a flood it is very important to maintain cleanliness.
There are several diseases to watch out for after the flood. It is very important to know what diseases are usually experienced after floods so that you can prevent them. So, let’s look at some of the post-flood diseases below.
This is a Post-Flood Disease to Watch Out for
Maintaining health is very important to do, especially after the flood. This is because after the flood, residents who are affected by the flood are vulnerable to many diseases. Some of the diseases that are usually experienced are diarrhea, skin diseases and dengue fever. To find out more about what post-flood diseases are, you can see the discussion below.
Diarrhea is one of the diseases that must be watched out for after flooding. Diarrhea after flooding can be caused due to bacterial contamination of food, and after flooding the environment is not cleaned immediately. Symptoms of this disease can vary, sufferers can experience abdominal pain in a short time accompanied by defecation that is not too watery, even sufferers can experience stomach cramps with high intensity of bowel movements that are accompanied by blood and mucus discharge. Diarrhea disease should not be left alone. If not treated immediately, this disease will certainly be fatal for the sufferer.
As a way of preventing diarrheal diseases After a flood, you should wash all items or furniture properly and properly using a disinfectant. Also clean the walls of your home wardrobes, both inside and outside.
Before using cutlery, you must wash it until it is completely clean, even though the cutlery you are going to use is not flooded. Always wash your hands before eating.
The next disease that is often experienced after the flood is dengue fever or DHF. This disease is one of the diseases that must be watched out for. If not treated immediately, this disease can cause death.
The mosquito that causes dengue fever usually occurs in clean water. After the flood, this disease was experienced a lot because of the high rainfall which made many containers around the house filled with rainwater. In addition, after floods we often collect clean water.
One of the symptoms of this disease is the sufferer experiencing heat that does not subside. After taking a heat reliever, the fever will drop but the body temperature will rise again if the effect of the drug wears off and can last for several days.
To prevent this disease, the way is to remove all standing water around your house. You must regularly drain the water in the bathroom at least once every 3 days. Go to the doctor immediately if the fever persists or doesn’t go away after 2 to 3 days.
Skin disease is a common disease after floods. Skin disease caused by E. coli type bacteria. These bacteria are carried by flood water. Symptoms of skin diseases that appear are usually red patches on the skin that will feel very itchy. If these symptoms are not treated promptly, they can spread to other areas of the skin.
To prevent skin diseases, after you are exposed to flood water you must immediately clean yourself. If you already have this disease, then to overcome it you should not use drugs carelessly. Use the right medicine as directed by the doctor.
Cholera is caused by bacteria contaminated food and drinks. These bacteria namely Vibrio Cholerae, with almost the same symptoms as diarrhea. The symptoms are high intensity defecation. The difference with the symptoms of diarrheal disease is that the symptoms of cholera are accompanied by vomiting.
Leptospirosis is an infection caused by leptospira bacteria. These bacteria are usually transmitted through animals. In order to enter the body, these bacteria will enter through the skin, eyes that come into contact with dirty water, bruises and open wounds.
This disease will cause several symptoms such as fever, muscle aches, headache and bleeding in the lungs. If this disease is not resolved quickly, it will cause meningitis, respiratory problems, kidney damage, and even death.
To prevent this disease, the way is to avoid flood water, especially if you are experiencing skin wounds. When walking in floodwaters, you must wear shoes to prevent sharp objects or nails that can injure you.
Another disease that lurks after the flood is ARI. ARI or Acute Respiratory Infection is an infection that will attack the respiratory system such as the nose, throat, and lungs.
Generally, the symptoms of this disease are the same as flu, namely cough and fever accompanied by shortness of breath. Transmission of this disease is quite easy, which can be transmitted through blood, saliva and air.
Typhoid fever or better known as typhus is an infection of the small intestine caused by salmonella bacteria. These bacteria are usually found in animal waste. These bacteria can infect through food or water. Symptoms of this disease are nausea, headache, fever, diarrhea and loss of appetite.
Mosquitoes can breed in standing water when flooded, including mosquitoes that can cause malaria. This disease is caused by parasites of the plasmodium type. Due to mosquito bites anopheles female, parasites can enter the bloodstream.
This disease can be characterized by high fever accompanied by weakness. If this disease is not treated immediately it will be very fatal. The entry of parasites into the body will disrupt the blood supply to vital organs.
Many viruses and bacteria are carried by floods, so that many diseases can attack people affected by flooding. Hepatitis A is a disease due to flooding that can be experienced.
This disease attacks the liver caused by bacteria. This disease will cause several symptoms such as experiencing high fever, nausea, abdominal pain, impaired vision, yellowing of the skin and nails, and vomiting.
Those are some post-flood diseases to watch out for. If you experience some of the symptoms of the above diseases, you must immediately consult or visit a doctor so that the disease does not get worse. To avoid this disease, the key is to maintain cleanliness, both personal and environmental hygiene. Well, I hope the information we provide for you is useful.