Immunization schedule baby better known by parents. By knowing this immunization schedule, babies are expected to get additional immunity to navigate their life in the future.
At the beginning of birth, the baby will get immunity or natural protection from his mother. This baby’s natural immunity is obtained when the early initiation process is carried out. However, this natural immunity or protection is only temporary and only applies to certain types of diseases for which the baby’s mother has immunity to the disease. These antibodies will not last long, so the baby is susceptible to various diseases, therefore this is where immunization functions to pass on natural immunity to the baby that has been given by the mother. (Also read: Baby Girl Names and Baby boy names)
As for how this immunization works, usually by injecting or dripping the vaccine into the baby’s body. The vaccine that is given is actually a kind of germ or bacteria that has been weakened. When these germs enter the baby’s body, the baby will react by forming its own antibodies to fight these germs. So by being given immunization, it is actually stimulating the baby’s body system to produce immunity, so that, when one day the baby is really attacked by real germs, the baby’s body already has antibodies to fight it.
Schedule for Infant Immunization
| Types of Vaccines|| Age of Vaccination|
| Month|| Year|
| LHR|| 1|| 2|| 3|| 4|| 5|| 6|| 9|| 12|| 15|| 18|| 24|| 3|| 5|| 6||7 ||10 ||12 || 18|
| BCG|| 1 time|
| Hepatitis B||1||2|
| DPT||1||2||3||4||5||6 (td)||7 (td)|
| Pneumococcus ||1||2||3||4|
| Influenza||Given once a year|
| Varicella||1 time|
| Typhoid||Every 3 years|
| Hepatitis A||2 times – 6-12 month intervals|
| HPV||3 times|
- BCG immunization: Aimed at giving babies immunity against tuberculosis bacteria (TB)
- DPT immunization: Provides immunity for babies against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus.
- Polio Immunization: Provides immunity for babies against polio (paralysis)
- Hib immunization: Prevent babies from getting infected with Haemophils influenza type b which can cause meningitis, throat infections and pneumonia. Hib immunization is very expensive, so it is not mandatory yet.
- Pneumococcal immunization: protect the baby from bacteria that cause ear infections. In addition, these bacteria can cause serious problems such as meningitis and blood infections (bacteremia).