Likewise, when consuming water, drinking too much water will actually have bad effects on the body such as damaging the kidneys and even the most fatal effects such as death are not impossible if we drink too much water at one time.
Drinking Too Much Water Will Do Several Things
Actually consuming too much water doesn’t come on purpose, but because of a passionate drinking desire. So what will happen to our bodies when we drink too much water? There are 3 main things that can happen to the body when we drink too much water, namely:
1. Consuming water in an amount more than what the body needs can increase the volume of blood. If the volume of blood increases, it has an impact on the blood vessel system to be closed, which makes the performance of the heart and blood vessels increase along with the increased pressure on the closed blood vessel system.
2. The amount of fluid that is too much into the body can increase the performance of the kidneys than they should. The kidneys will filter any fluid that enters the body, this mechanism is different from a water pipe where the more water that enters the pipe, the more it will clean the pipe. Unfortunately this mechanism does not apply to the kidneys, on the contrary, the burden received by the kidneys will be even greater with the increasing water that must be filtered through the glomerulus. Even worse, if you filter too much fluid that is not needed by the body, the glomerulus can be damaged.
3. Apart from the two things above, consuming too much water can also cause a fatal condition in the body, namely hyponatremia. Hyponatremia is a condition that occurs in which the blood in the body lacks sodium levels (salt levels) which are considered abnormal. Sodium is an electrolyte that helps regulate the amount of water content in and around the body’s cells. And drinking too much water can cause sodium in the body to become diluted. Normally, the sodium concentration that should be present in the blood ranges from 135 to 145 milmol / liter, but in hyponatremia the sodium concentration is less than 135 milmol / liter. When conditions like this occur, the fluid levels in the body will increase and cells can experience swelling. The swollen cells will have no difficulty expanding due to the water they receive, because the cells still have space around these cells. However, these cells are different from the cells in the brain. The cells in the diotak are confined in the skull bones of the head which are so hard and do not have enough space to develop themselves like cells in other parts of the body. So that this swelling can cause many health problems, from mild to severe. A study revealed that sodium deficiency or hyponatremia conditions that occur slowly can cause sufferers to become drowsy. But if it happens quickly, this sodium deficiency can result in death.
For this reason, from now on, apply the Correct Water Consuming Rules. Namely by not consuming too much and not consuming too little. You may be familiar with the recommendation to consume 2 liters of water per day, but this does not mean you have to consume it all at the same time. In addition, the recommendation to consume 2 liters of water per day only applies to healthy people, people with health problems such as kidney sufferers, of course, have to limit the amount of water consumption so that it is not too much.