Diabetes suffered by a person will not only have a harmful impact on his body. Because in general, other effects will also be felt as a complication of this one disease. Diabetes will also cause various problems that arise on the skin, such as pain, itching, infection and even dryness. When this condition strikes, of course those who feel it will be uncomfortable with a situation like this. In fact, reportedly about a third of people with diabetes mellitus will have skin conditions and diseases at some point in their lives.
Meanwhile, there are also some skin conditions that seem strange and unique, but this is the reality and is found in some diabetics. Meanwhile, other occurrences are only more common in people with the same condition. High sugar levels in the blood can worsen the conditions of infection or disorders that occur in the skin, about 32 percent to 37 percent of diabetics often suffer from the same skin complaints.
However, it is a breath of fresh air for all of us that apparently the itching conditions and skin disorders suffered by people with diabetes can be cured or even prevented by controlling the sugar or glucose levels in the blood and taking daily skin care properly.
Well, below are some of the types and causes of skin diseases commonly found in diabetics and how to handle them. Want to know what it is like? Check it out below.
Types and Causes of Skin Itching in Diabetes Patients and Their Treatment
The skin is the outermost part of the human body, the beauty of the skin which is always well preserved will be able to increase your self-confidence to be greater. However, when skin problems arise, this condition will of course make the sufferer insecure about this condition. Including the appearance of skin disorders in sufferers diabetes. Well, for that it is very important to recognize what types of skin diseases will arise in diabetics, what are the causes and how to treat them. Check it out below.
Itchy and Dry Skin
The first skin condition that may occur or attack diabetics is an itchy and dry skin condition. Then is there a correlation between such skin conditions and diabetes? Of course there is.
When blood sugar levels reach high numbers, your body tries to get rid of the excess glucose by increasing urination. This condition will cause the body to lose a lot of fluids. And what happens next is the skin that becomes dry and is often accompanied by a feeling of itching which is quite disturbing.
In addition, dry skin can also be caused by neuropathy or nerve damage. This condition can affect the nerves that control the sweat glands. In this case, the neuropathy can cause a decrease or absence of the amount of sweat in the body causing the skin to become dry and cracked. Cold weather, dry air and bathing using hot water can worsen the skin condition in diabetics.
So how to deal with this condition? Dry skin in general can cause an itchy feeling which will automatically make you scratch, crack and then peel off. Every little scratching will generally leave an injury or infection. Therefore, it is very important for you to always maintain skin moisture properly. The best way that can be done to moisturize the skin is by applying lotion or cream after bathing.
When the amount of sugar in the blood increases and there is no effort to improve it, people with diabetes will tend to be more susceptible to the risk of infection. It is believed by a number of studies why there is a higher incidence of more serious and more serious bacterial infections in diabetes than in the general population. Well, here are some bacterial infections that cause itching in diabetes.
This condition is a contagious and itchy skin disease. Impetigo begins with skin that is blistered and filled with fluid or pus. Sometimes it looks like a pimple that breaks and forms erosions on the skin. Which of these erosions will then be covered by a crust that can cause impetigo infection or which may arise as a result of the skin problem, such as atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, psoriasis and many more.
While Ecthyma has many forms which are similar to impetigo and in fact this condition is the result of impetigo that is not treated immediately. It’s just that the difference between this condition and impetigo is that ecthyma enters the deeper layers of the skin and forms ulcerations, which are then covered with thick crumbs.
Folliculitis and Furunculosis
These two infections are all infections that appear in the hair follicle. Sweat and other conditions are triggers that cause moisture in the skin such as high temperatures and humid weather.
Cellulitis and gangrene are two of the more serious and common bacterial infections that occur in people with diabetes. Cellulitis condition that spreads through the deeper layer of the skin as well as the layer of fat directly under the skin.
This infectious condition will require medical care to treat it. For that, you should immediately consult this problem with your doctor so that you can immediately get a more serious treatment.
High glucose levels in the blood can predispose people with diabetes to developing common fungal skin infections from organisms such as Tinea and Candida. This infection can occur anywhere, including on the feet (Tinea Pedis), the hands (Tinea Manuum), the base of the upper legs (Tinea Cruris) and body parts (Tinea Corporis).
This medical condition generally does not require significant treatment from a doctor. You can apply anti-fungal ointment on the affected area with an infection. It’s just that, pay close attention when you apply the ointment so you don’t let the dirt or germs on the hands spread to the infected part. Because this condition will actually worsen the infectious condition you feel.
Those are some types of skin problems that are common in diabetics. In general, maintaining clean skin and caring for it properly is the key to preventing the above problems in diabetics. In addition, consult a doctor immediately if you experience a wound that persists or doesn’t heal within a few days. Hopefully it is useful and increases your awareness of all kinds of health problems that occur when you are a diabetic.