Cervical cancer or also known as cervical cancer is one of the most dreaded cancers for women. Based on existing data, of the many cancer patients in Indonesia, cervical cancer patients reach a third. And from WHO data it is recorded that every year thousands of women die from cervical cancer and it is a type of cancer that is ranked at the top as a cause of death for women in the world.
Cervical cancer attacks the reproductive organs of women, in the cervix or the entrance to the uterus, which is the narrow part of the lower part between the female genitals and the uterus.
Causes of Cervical Cancer
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the cause of cervical cancer. Meanwhile, the cause of many deaths in women is the HPV virus types 16 and 18. This virus is very mobile and spreads, not only through fluids, but can also be transferred through skin contact. In addition, the use of public toilets that have been exposed to the HPV virus can infect someone who uses them if they are not cleaned properly.
In addition, poor living habits can also cause cervical cancer. Like smoking, lack of intake of vitamins, especially vitamin C and vitamin E, and lack of folic acid intake. Other bad habits that can cause cervical cancer are frequent intercourse with changing partners, having sex with men who often change partners and having sex at an early age (having intercourse at age <16 years can even increase the risk of cervical cancer 2x ). Another factor that causes cervical cancer is the presence of hereditary cancer, the use of birth control pills for a very long time, too often give birth.
Characteristics of Women Suffering from Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer requires a very long process, which is between 10 and 20 years to become a cancer that originates from an infection. Therefore, during the early stages of development it will be difficult to detect. Therefore it is recommended that women take a pap smear test at least every 2 years, do an IVA test (visual inspection with acetic acid, etc. Although it is difficult to detect, the following characteristics can be an indication of whether a woman has symptoms of cancer. cervical or not:
- When having sex as feeling pain, it is often followed by bleeding.
- Experiencing vaginal discharge abnormal accompanied by bleeding and excessive amounts
- Often feel pain in the hip area
- Experiencing pain when urinating
- During menstruation, the blood that comes out is large and excessive
- When women have an advanced stage, they will experience pain in the thighs or swelling of one of the thighs, decreased appetite, unstable body weight, difficulty urinating, and experience spontaneous bleeding.
Cervical Cancer Prevention
- Live a healthy lifestyle by consuming foods that are nutritious and nutritious
- Always maintain a healthy body and environmental sanitation
- Avoid cleaning the genitals with dirty water
- If you are a smoker, immediately stop this bad habit
- Avoid having sex at an early age
- Always be loyal to your partner, do not change, let alone followed by intimate relationships.
- Do a pap smear examination at least once every 2 years, especially for those who have been actively having sex
- If you have never had intercourse, it is better to get the HPV vaccination
- Increase the consumption of vegetable foods that contain a lot of beta carotene, consume vitamins C and E.
However, if you have cervical cancer detected, there are several treatment methods that can be done. If early stage cervical cancer is detected, the treatment is done by removing the cervical cancer by means of surgery, either laser surgery, electricity or by freezing and removing cervical cancer tissue (cyrosurgery).
For cases of advanced cervical cancer, chemotherapy and radiotherapy will be treated, but if it is detected that it is severe enough, there is no other way than to completely remove the uterus (hysterectomy) so that the cancer does not develop.