Symptoms of cervical cancer generally is the occurrence of bleeding in the genital organs that occurs after intercourse outside the menstrual period. Even though this happens, it doesn’t mean you have cervical cancer. To find out the cause of your condition, it is advisable to ask a doctor.
Stage 3 cervical cancer
This is a very serious problem for sufferers to accept, because the cancer has spread to the lower vaginal area. In certain cases, cancer has also been found in the lymph nodes in the cervix and other organs.
Stage 3 cervical cancer is generally found in women who have never had a Pap smear. This disease has attacked several important reproductive organs and the surrounding area without causing easily recognizable symptoms.
There are two categories of cervical cancer, namely:
1. Stage 3A
Stage 3A cervical cancer only shows spread to the area at the bottom of the female genitalia. Although it has spread to other parts of the tissue around the vagina, this disease does not cause spread to the pelvic area
2. Stage 3B
Usually stage 3B cervical cancer has spread to the urinary tract. The spread of cancer can also reach around the lymph nodes in the reproductive organs and other organs. Urine examination in patients with stage 3B cancer usually shows an indication of serious kidney problems.
Causes of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer begins when healthy cells undergo changes in DNA or genetic mutations that turn normal cells into abnormal cells. Normal cells will experience growth and reproduce at a certain speed, while cancer cells will grow and multiply uncontrollably.
Human Papillomavius or HIV as the main cause of cervical cancer. HIV is a collection of types of viruses that cause warts on the hands, feet and genitals. It is very commonly transmitted through sexual contact and can be the cause of cervical cancer.
Besides causes cervical cancer above, daily habits that do not maintain healthy habits can also cause cervical cancer. There are many examples, such as excessive smoking, lack of intake of vitamin C and vitamin E, frequent sexual intercourse with men who frequently change partners (especially at an early age), a weak immune system and use of birth control pills for a prolonged period of time. very long.
Characteristics of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is a disease that requires a very long process of about 10 or 20 years from the start of an infection. Therefore, cervical cancer during its early stages of development is quite difficult to detect. It is highly recommended for women to have a pap smear test at least every 2 years, do a visual inspection test with acetic acid.
The following is the characteristics of cervical cancer which can be a clue to women whether you have symptoms of cervical cancer or not:
- Experiencing abnormal vaginal discharge accompanied by bleeding that is more than normal.
- When having intercourse as feeling pain, sometimes it is followed by bleeding.
- Experiencing pain when urinating.
- Often experience pain or tenderness in the hip area.
- When you have an advanced stage, you will experience swelling or pain in the thighs, decreased appetite, instability in body weight, difficulty urinating, and experience spontaneous bleeding.
How to Detect Stage 3 Cervical Cancer
To find out the health condition by detecting stage 3 cervical cancer, it generally has similarities with other types of stage cancer. Screening for cervical cancer entering stage 3 is carried out using the Pap Smea method, this method is the earliest method and is one of the recommendations by doctors for people who have symptoms and signs such as cervical cancer. This method is used to determine the growth of cells in the neck of the vagina by taking a sample of the fluid that is examined under a microscope. Even so, medical experts usually recommend doing several other tests for cervical cancer patients who are entering stage 3. Medical experts perform tests to be able to find out cancer cells, namely the area of cells that have spread cancer so that it can help patients to determine the most appropriate type of treatment.
The following are some types of stage 3 cervical cancer screening.
1. Pap Smear
This type of pap smear examination is only performed to determine the type of abnormal cell growth that commonly appears on the cervix. Pap Smear is one of the measures taken for early examination and cannot be used to measure the stage of cervical cancer
2. Cervical biopsy
Meanwhile, for cervical biopsy, to determine the area of cancer spread, a biopsy or tissue collection in the cervix is required. Biospi usually will be done thoroughly to see conditions around the vaginal area, uterus, rectum and bladder.
3. CT Scan
A CT scan for cervical cancer patients is carried out using sophisticated equipment to be able to see the spread of cancer cells around the pelvis.
4. Pet-CT Scan
The next examination is using a Pet-CT Scan to determine the spread of cancer and the size of the cancer that has spread to the organs associated with the cervix.
5. Blood test
Doing a blood test is useful in knowing the patient’s overall health condition, so blood tests can also be done. Some important things to know are the health of the liver and kidneys, which can be measured by looking at the results of blood tests
One X-ray examination is performed only to monitor the condition of the lungs and see the possibility of spreading cancer cells in these organs.
Some types of examinations are only a recommendation to determine the type of cervical cancer spread. In addition, medical experts will look at test results to be able to determine the type of treatment that is most effective for sufferers so that they can help relieve symptoms and also pain for sufferers. However, not all types of examinations must be followed by people with stage 3 cervical cancer.
Cervical Cancer Treatment Stage 3
Treatment of stage 3 cervical cancer is an effort to provide opportunities for sufferers of this disease to be even better. In addition, another goal of this treatment is to control the rate of cancer growth, provide healing to sufferers and stop the spread of cancer cells. Treatment of stage 3 ce
rvical cancer can be done with the following procedures:
1. Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy
One of them is by using radiotherapy, which is a treatment that is done with the help of giving X rays which have a certain dose according to the procedure. Furthermore, the rays will be directed at several points in the pelvic area and vaginal cavity. This light will kill cancer cells and spread to several points.
Radiotherapy and chemotherapy using this method will be carried out on patients 20 to 35 times depending on the condition experienced by the patient. Treatment using this method will usually be carried out in conjunction with chemotherapy methods. This is done to reduce the growth of other cancer cells.
In radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatment procedures will usually cause uncomfortable effects for sufferers. So that some of these symptoms are usually indicated by abdominal pain or diarrhea, fatigue, lack of appetite, depression, vomiting and nausea. All these side effects will go away on their own after the therapy period is over.
2. Operation action
The operation needed to treat cervical cancer problems that develop into stage 3 is usually done by looking at the patient’s condition. The surgery most often recommended by doctors is a hysterectomy. This procedure is performed to remove the cervix and all parts of the uterus. Sometimes if there is spread of cancer in the ovaries and fallopian tubes, then these two parts will also be removed.
The most important thing that patients with stage 3 cancer who are undergoing treatment and medication must get is support from their family. During the therapy period, the patient will feel much more sick than the previous condition and the doctor will also usually give several types of painkillers