Here are the nutritional needs that you must fulfill according to your trimester of pregnancy:
1. First trimester
Generally occurs from the first week of conception to the twelfth week is the development of the fetus for the completeness of important organs. In the first month the nutrients needed are in the form of extra calories. Fetal development requires appropriate calorie intake so that it can form rapidly. Calorie intake is sometimes choked up due to nausea and vomiting experienced in the first trimester, as much as possible you beat it so that the disturbance does not hamper your intake of nutrients, especially carbohydrates. The required carbohydrates are 2000 kilo calories which can be obtained from rice, bread, wheat, cereals, etc. Calcium also has a role in the formation of the fetal skeleton when entering week 7, increase the consumption of calcium obtained from milk, yogurt and other types of food containing milk. Protein is needed in fetal development in the first trimester in forming brain cells. Add vitamins A, B1, B2, B3 and B6 in fetal growth and also B12 in the formation of blood cells. Vitamin D in bone formation and Vitamin E in metabolism which can be found in vegetables and fruits.
2. Second Trimester
In this trimester, the ability to develop rapidly so that it must be balanced with nutritional intake. At the 13th week to the 18th week there is a very important development of the fetal organs. At the beginning of entering the second trimester, calorie intake still needs to be increased considering the number of organs that will be composed. Don’t forget the intake of iron and vitamin C in optimizing the formation of red blood cells to support the developing fetal heart and circulatory system at week 17. Omega 3 fatty acids are needed in the formation of the fetal brain in the final second trimester. Avoid foods with high caffeine content, foods with excess salt content can trigger swollen feet to retain body fluids. Also consume enough water every day to avoid constipation and hemorrhoids that many pregnant women suffer.
3. Third trimester
To prepare for the birth of your baby, what must be prepared is sufficient energy in preparation for labor. For those of you who are entering this trimester, be prepared with calorie needs that will play a role in the growth of fetal tissue and placenta. You can increase your calorie intake from cereals, potatoes, butter, milk, eggs, avocado and vegetable oils. In addition, the vitamin needed is B6 to help metabolism in the formation of chemical compounds that are delivered to nerve cells. Vitamins B1, B2 and B3 help in enzymes to regulate the respiratory and energy systems. Iodine is no less important in development at this time for the process of fetal development and minimizes the possibility of inhibition of brain development and height. No less important role is fluid in regulating new cells, regulating body temperature and metabolic processes.