So, for more details, we recognize several types of psychological disorders that can afflict children.
1. Mental Retardation
Mental retardation is a type of psychological disorder characterized by the inability of children to take care of themselves, difficulty communicating and the inability to distinguish between dangerous and harmless things. Mental retardation can be recognized before a child is 17 years old. Generally, the initial symptoms can be seen from the child’s low IQ level, which is usually under the IQ score of 70. Children who have mental retardation disorders are unable to bathe themselves, eat alone, have difficulty speaking and always need a companion in every activity they do.
Autism is a developmental disorder that occurs in children who experience closure conditions. Disorders like this result in children experiencing limitations in terms of communication, behavior and social interactions. Until now, the cause of the emergence of autism syndrome is not certain. Some experts claim this condition is caused by factiroal muliti, while some also mention it as a biochemical disorder. Symptoms of autism can be recognized since a child as an infant, such as recognized by focusing the eye on only one object, a very minimal response to impulses and not reacting to sound stimuli. Meanwhile, older children can usually be identified with difficulty focusing on one thing, namely when the child does not respond when called, has difficulty communicating and doing things repeatedly.
3. Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders are one of the most common psychological disorders that can affect children. The main symptom of this psychological disorder is the appearance of anxiety, fear and excessive restlessness in children. There are various types of anxiety disorders such as unconditional or unsupported fear of the situation which is known as a phobia. Generalized anxiety disorder which tends to make children worry, agitated excessively about unrealistic things, and often panic is usually caused by trauma the child has experienced.
4. Asperger’s Syndrome
Asperger’s syndrome is a behavior disorder in children that makes children withdraw from the crowd, become loners, don’t talk much and don’t like to play. Generally, children who have this syndrome will prefer to talk to adults with unusual topics. In addition, children with this syndrome also show a desire to have lots of friends, it’s just that they have a tendency to get bored easily so they stay away from the friends they already have. This is what makes it difficult for children with this syndrome to find friends to play with. Children with Asperger’s syndrome can be identified by their lack of sympathy for others, insensitivity and dislike of socializing and playing.
There are several types of psychological disorders that may occur in children. By knowing some of the types of psychological disorders above, it is hoped that it can add insight to your knowledge and if some of the symptoms of psychological disorders are recognized in children, you can take action by bringing therapy to children to overcome them.