Lupus sufferers are usually difficult to diagnose because they experience signs and symptoms that are often the same as other diseases. It’s just that the symptom that is often found in people with lupus is a facial rash that resembles butterfly wings on the two cheeks.
Most people with lupus are women, so they must be vigilant because it is difficult to detect early. This article will help you recognize the facts about lupus.
Lupus Erythematosus or in medical terms Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), which is often known as lupus. Even simply, people who suffer from allergies to themselves are known as lupus erythematosus. While the term lupus itself comes from the Latin meaning wolf, this is because people with lupus usually experience a red rash that resembles a butterfly on the cheeks like a wolf.
Meanwhile, according to the term of immunology, lupus is the opposite of cancer. Lupus disease can be the body overacting to foreign stimuli, which causes antibodies to attack other healthy tissues or organs.
Lupus disease appears as if there are no known symptoms, it even attacks suddenly. Symptoms suffered by lupus develop slowly. It can be mild or severe, it can even be temporary or permanent. Some of them have episodic characteristics with worsening signs and symptoms.
Symptoms experienced by them include fatigue, fever, experiencing fluctuating body weight, skin sores that get worse when exposed to sunlight, experiencing hair loss, and even experiencing inflammation of the mouth. Then the patient can experience shortness of breath, chest pain, dry eyes and bruises easily.
The cause of lupus disease is the target immunity that occurs in the immune system into chaos and attacks the body itself. Until now, the disorder that occurs because the body’s system has no known cause, however, it can be triggered by viruses, bacteria or unhealthy tissue.
Treatment of lupus can be done according to the symptoms that appear in the sufferer. The disease is often called a thousand faces disease because it has different symptoms for the sufferer. Lupus is a chronic disease that requires long-term treatment and has signs that must be observed so that the risks that occur from treatment can be minimized.
Lupus disease that is often used includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, anti-malarial drugs, corticosteroid drugs and those who are given immune suppressant drugs. It means that the provision of immune drugs can help severe cases of lupus in suppressing the immune system. The potential side effects of this drug are liver damage, risk of infection, increased cancer and decreased fertility. In fact, each drug has different side effects.
Facts about lupus
Lupus is a complex disease that makes sufferers sometimes unaware that they have serious lupus. The following are some facts about lupus so that they can help you to find out knowledge about lupus.
Here are the facts about lupus:
- Lupus is a disease related to autoimmune, which is an immune disorder so that normal tissues and cells in the skin, joints, kidneys, lungs, heart, organs and nervous system are affected.
- Lupus is not a contagious disease. So that even sexual intercourse cannot transmit lupus. Lupus sufferers will not transmit lupus only by direct contact. So you don’t need to worry if family members have lupus, support from other family members is needed to help in the healing process.
- Lupus is a disease that is difficult to detect because lupus is often referred to as a thousand faces disease where the symptoms can resemble diseases related to attacks that occur on the body’s immune system.
- Lupus has nothing to do with cancer, lupus is autoimmune whereas cancer is associated with abnormal tissue that grows rapidly and spreads to the surrounding tissue.
- Lupus has nothing to do with HIV / AIDS which reduces the immune system whereas lupus makes the immune system overactive. Thus, lupus is the opposite of cancer.
- In everyone, lupus can disappear and arise. Some of them have arthritis or joint pain, experience swollen lymph nodes, chest pain and fatigue. Even the new signs of lupus that are seen and experienced by all lupus sufferers are experiencing a butterfly rash on the cheeks.
- Lupus disease can cause blood problems such as health problems anemia, low blood volume, blood clots, thrombosis and inflammation of the walls of blood vessels. With this condition, it is possible to cause fatal disorders such as problems with cells, tissues and organs and even bone death
- Lupus generally affects women of childbearing age, namely the age of 15-45 years, however, lupus can affect children and adolescents with lupus. Lupus does not know race or ethnicity, everyone can get lupus. It’s just that women with colored skin have a two to three times higher risk of developing lupus than Caucasians.
- Lupus disease can occur from mild symptoms to severe and life-threatening symptoms, even people with lupus must get medical care with good treatment so that people with lupus can lead a good life like other normal people.
- Lupus is classified as a type of flare, which is the symptom that gets worse and the patient experiences illness. In addition, lupus is included in the category of symptom remission and will get better. In fact, there is no specific laboratory test to determine whether someone has lupus or not. Research has shown that 5 million people worldwide have lupus.
- Treatment of lupus varies from patient to patient. Conservative treatment of lupus patients with NSAIDs, namely by using anti-inflammatory drugs for example by using ibuprofen and plaquenil will be suitable in patients who experience symptoms of joint pain, fatigue, muscle pain and skin rashes. Even more advanced treatments involve high doses of immunosuppressive drugs and corticosteroids.