When you hear the term asthma, you and all of us may already be familiar with this disease.
Yes, that’s right, asthma is the most common respiratory disease in society. You may often encounter this disease directly in your work friends, school friends, relatives or maybe even you yourself are a person suffering from this disease.
There are some people who consider asthma to be a mild respiratory disease and should not be considered a serious problem. However, when the disease recurs and shows symptoms such as tightness in the chest, difficulty breathing and so on. Of course, these symptoms will make it difficult for the sufferer to move. Not to mention, the panic condition will make anyone find it difficult to provide help to people with asthma.
Difficulty moving and the inability of the sufferer or the person who helps him to provide first aid to asthmatic patients are frightening things and cause great panic. In the end, the panic that dominates, hinders the patient’s help. As a result, sufferers will feel pain and even a few people faint due to not being able to withstand the symptoms they cause.
For this reason, knowing how to handle and first aid asthma sufferers is an important thing that must be known in order to determine the right action in dealing with asthma sufferers who suddenly relapse or have this disease.
In addition, asthma that affects each person, the treatment varies depending on the type of asthma one has. Thus, it is also important to know some types of asthma that can occur in a person.
Asthma is a respiratory disease that occurs due to narrowing of the air in the respiratory tract which makes it difficult for sufferers to breathe normally when this condition occurs. Asthma can be a genetic disease, meaning that it is a disease that occurs in patients whose family or parents have a history of the same disease. The symptoms that may appear in people with asthma are shortness of breath, cough accompanied by a wheezing sound but without fever (unless an infection occurs).
In general, this respiratory disease is divided into two types, namely asthma that occurs in children (child-onset asthma) as well as asthma that occurs in adults (adult-onset asthma). However, there are also several other types of asthma that are classified according to the situation and the triggers that occur. What are the types of asthma? Check it out below.
Types of Asthma
Allergic Asthma (Allergic Asthma)
This first type of asthma is an asthma disease that is most often found in almost all asthma sufferers in the world. Even the statistical data of this disease shows that children are more susceptible to suffering from this type of asthma with a percentage of less than 90% of children who have asthma in the world are allergic asthma. As for this type of asthma is caused by an allergic reaction. That is, this asthma disease will arise if the allergen enters the body of an asthmatic person, then this asthma will automatically recur or appear.
The allergens that can trigger this type of asthma to recur are pollen, mites, mold, dust, smoke, food, cold air and so on.
In addition, people with this type of asthma generally have problems with extreme conditions such as being too hot or too cold, they will also have problems with perfume, colognes and even animal hair.
Allergens like the ones above will generally be found everywhere and spread in the air to form small particles that are invisible to the naked eye. For this reason, the way to handle this type of asthma is to avoid suspected allergens. In addition, always keep clean so that dust and dirt that trigger asthma to recur occurs.
2. Exercise-Induced Asthma (EIA)
This type of asthma is a type of asthma that is triggered by excessive physical movement, in which people with this type of asthma are not allowed to do such physical activity, such as running, marathon, excessive exercise and so on. When a sufferer forces himself to do these activities, then at some point, the asthma attack will recur and cause wheezing (sound on exhalation), chest tightness and coughing that feels heavy.
As for avoiding this type of asthma, the sufferer must be able to adjust to his abilities. Do not force to do work or activities that are too strenuous is the best preventive measure.
3. Non Allergic Asthma (Non-Allergic Asthma / Intrinsic Asthma)
This type of asthma can occur as a result of polluted air that enters the body of an asthmatic sufferer, it’s just not included with allergens because the asthmatic sufferer has no history of allergies. The triggers include cigarette smoke, air pollution, perfume, dust in the house, vehicle smoke and all polluted air that can cause symptoms of difficulty breathing for the asthmatic sufferer.
To prevent and treat this type of asthma, of course, the sufferer must be able to avoid places where there are dust puffs containing dangerous particles and also use a mask or protector if you are forced to approach the area.
4. Occupational Asthma
As the name implies, this type of asthma is work-related. Many people with asthma experience attacks or asthma symptoms while they are at work. This is due to environmental factors at work that can trigger asthma. For example, cigarette smoke, dust or even stressful situations due to work location or too much pressure that they often receive.
To deal with this type of asthma is to channel your hobbies and calm your mind. In fact, sometimes, a worker needs a refreshing or a brief break from his job so that stress does not continue to haunt him.
5. Nocturnal Asthma
This type of asthma condition is asthma that often recurs or appears at night. The conditions that will result from asthma are quite severe. The symptoms themselves can appear at any time of the night, even when the sufferer is sleeping, this type of asthma attack is usually quite severe and makes the sufferer overwhelmed because of the dry cough that accompanies it. The symptoms that can be caused by this type of asthma are chest tightness followed by a dry cough which is quite painful. Nocturnal asthma that attacks can make the sufferer exhausted at night.
The symptoms caused by asthma are basically the same. So that, it is often difficult for someone to determine the type of asthma that is suffered. For this reason, it is hoped that the several types of asthma above are able to provide knowledge to you about the various asthma symptoms based on the trigger. So that, more appropriate treatment will be given to relieve the symptoms that are caused.