Cervical cancer Increasing sufferers in Indonesia because cervical cancer is malignant and difficult to detect at the initial symptoms, new patients are found when they have advanced cervical cancer. In addition, most women do not understand the symptoms and signs of cervical cancer.
In this article, we will help provide information about cervical cancer. In stages, cervical cancer goes through an early stage, advanced stage and late stage process. In order to know what are the symptoms and the characteristics of cervical cancer at an early stage and take early prevention.
Definition of Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer is diseases related to the cervix, namely in the female reproductive organs as the entrance to the uterus. The main cause of uterine cancer is the human papilloma virus or HPV which attacks the cervix.
Cervical cancer is a dangerous disease in women, but not many women know about the signs of cervical cancer. This is what causes cervical cancer to be known as “the silent killer” because it is only known after entering an advanced stage.
Cervical cancer caused by the HPV virus (Human Papilloma Virus) is the top ranking of cancer deaths. The main cause of cancer is a virus that is spread through intercourse with different partners, relationship with a partner infected with HPV. In addition, the cause of cervical cancer can also be due to radiation or chemical contamination.
In addition, the risk factors for uterine cancer include infection with the HPV virus, sexually transmitted diseases, having sex at a young age, changing sex partners, use of contraception, diseases that store the immune system, unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking and alcoholic drinks and also can be triggered due to genetic factors.
Early Stage Cervical Cancer
The infected uterine cells take several years to change to cervical cancer. Abnormal uterine cells where cancer cells can develop into cancer is also called cervical intra-epithelial neoplasia (CIN). In CIN, what is known as precancerous cells is not treated further, it will be at risk for developing into cancer. Although not all women who suffer from CIN will develop cancer.
In general, cervical cancer has progressed including mild dysplasia for 5 years, moderate dysplasia for 3 years, severe dysplasia for 1 new year to stage 0 cancer.In the pre-cancer stage, women who are infected with cervical cancer do not cause symptoms, even when they are only discovered after entering at an advanced stage and the final stage. Cervical cancer or cervical cancer is divided into 5 stages based on the size of the tumor, the spread of cancer in and also the cervix and cervical penetration.
At stage 0 or known as pre-cancer, carcinoma growth occurs in the epithelial tissue of the cervix. Furthermore, it develops into stage 1, in stage 1 the cancer growth is limited to the cervix. Whereas in stage 1a, it microscopically invades the tissue and the size of the cancer has entered the initial spread process. Enter stage 1a2 where the depth of the invasion is more than 3 mm and less than 5 mm in width is less than 7 mm. Meanwhile, in stage 1b, the occurrence of large lesions that occur in stage 1a. Whereas 1b had a tumor size of less than 4 cm and in stage 1b2 had a tumor less than 4 cm.
Early Stage Cancer Symptoms
Cervical cancer is a disease related to conditions in which women experience health problems in the cervix. The main cause is HPV, although it is possible that it is caused by environmental and genetic factors.
Symptoms of cervical cancer are difficult to find, and can only be known when women have end-stage cervical cancer. This is what is dangerous and causes the risk of death. In the early stages of cervical cancer, sufferers can realize that it is pain in the cervix. Even though the pain is not so frequent, the more cervical cancer enters an advanced stage, the more pain it will be.
In addition, cervical cancer can also be characterized by abnormal bleeding. In women who have cervical cancer experience abnormal bleeding conditions in the genital organs, at a vulnerable time of one month there can be slight bleeding or severe conditions.
Women who experience cervical cancer are characterized by abnormal vaginal discharge. Women experience vaginal discharge that smells, is colored and is very slimy. So you should consult a doctor fearing reproductive health problems or early symptoms of cervical cancer.
In women who often experience severe pelvic pain even outside of menstruation, this is an abnormal condition. Pelvic pain at other times for hours and pain that is mild, sharp or very severe can be one of the reasons signs of cervical cancer. Likewise with bleeding that occurs after sexual intercourse, not menstruating or during a pelvic exam. This can be caused because the cervix is irritated. Checks must be done even though bleeding that is not always experienced by women after sexual intercourse is a sign of cervical cancer.
Cervical Cancer Prevention
Treatment for early stage cervical cancer is often overlooked. This is because the sufferer does not experience specific symptoms, some sufferers suspect that it is just an ordinary complaint.
Even though doing a pap smear test will help to find changes in cervical cells so that the risk of cancer can be determined. Regular Pap smears will help show changes before they turn into cancer. This is what is important to do to determine the presence or absence of cancer cells in the cervix. If an abnormal Pap smear is found, it can help to prevent cervical cancer.
In addition, cervical cancer treatment is carried out according to the stage experienced by the patient. As for the overall treatment it can be by surgery or surgery to remove the uterus or removal of both the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Then with chemotherapy and then radiation therapy. Even doctors recommend using a combination of medication so that it can help healing.
Thus, the early stages of cervical cancer, which often do not cause symptoms to sufferers, can be identified with changes that lead to women’s health conditions, one of which is when women experience bleeding outside of menstruation, abnormal vaginal discharge, hip pain outside of menstruation and experiencing cervical pain. To take precautions, a pap smear should be carried out to detect early cancer cells in the cervix.