Lupus is a disease that is as dangerous as cancer, heart disease and AIDS. Lupus or the medical term Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic disease known as an autoimmune disease. In the article Recognize Lupus Disease, my team of staff will provide information about the conditions of lupus sufferers, symptoms, causes and treatments for people suffering from lupus.
Conditions for Lupus Sufferers (Odpus)
Initially lupus was used to describe abnormalities on the face known as ulcers. While lupus itself comes from the Latin which means wolf. Lupus itself is characterized by reddish patches on the face or a mallar butterfly that spreads on both cheeks and has a butterfly-like appearance.
The body is exposed to foreign objects every day (germs, viruses or chemicals). Even though we are exposed every day, the body does not experience anything because the body has an immune system that can neutralize foreign objects that enter the body.
When the body is exposed to a foreign object, the immune response will respond. The first response is a non-specific response (innate immunity) which responds to foreign bodies even though they are not exposed. While the second response is an acquired immune response, where the body has been exposed to the foreign object.
The immune system itself has a function to protect the body from foreign objects, especially germs that can cause infection. This condition is called tolerance, which is that the immune system will only react to foreign objects that damage the body, while the body itself will not react.
Under normal circumstances the immune system will produce antibodies that have a function to defend the body against foreign attacks. In situations where the immune system does not recognize itself, it is said to be autoimmune. This condition is experienced by people with lupus so that the antibodies will damage the body’s own cell tissues.
Lupus is a disease associated with autoimmune diseases. The immune system or immune system attacks the odpus. The immune system can attack tissues, cells and organs. In people with lupus, the course of lupus will be different from mild to severe and even recovers occasionally.
The occurrence of autoimmunity in the body is a condition where the body cannot distinguish foreign objects (germs or viruses) so that the immune system attacks cells and tissues in the body. Lupus disease has a variety of appearances and has another sign of disease known as a thousand faces disease because the symptoms are atypical and vague so that you cannot recognize lupus.
Most PLHAs are women aged 15-45 years. However, it does not rule out children and the elderly. In addition, if it is found that the examination is found for 90% of lupus, it must be known the symptoms that are applied to lupus sufferers. Consult with your doctor to find out the true lupus disease.
Symptoms of Lupus
The early symptoms of lupus are so diverse that it is difficult for doctors to diagnose lupus. To find out the early symptoms of different lupus, it will be recognized through various organs, including:
1. Muscle and Bone System
The muscular and bone systems experience pain in the joints, usually on the knees, hands and wrists. Sometimes even accompanied by weakness and muscle pain.
2. Skin and Hair
Lupus disease attacks the skin 90% and is even classically found to change color to red due to sunlight. Even sufferers experience discoid lesions on the skin. While hair often falls out, the symptoms on the skin and hair can be treated with medication.
Lupus sufferers mostly damage the kidneys if the damage is severe and requires treatment. Routine checks are very necessary to control kidney damage which is indicated by protein in the urine.
4. Heart and blood vessels
If the damage to the heart suffered by lupus is in the form of fluid found in the lining of the heart, calcifications, heart valve disorders and bluish white discoloration.
5. The nervous system
Patients with lupus will experience nervous disorders in the form of muscle weakness, seizures, anxiety, depression to stroke.
Experiencing shortness of breath experienced by lupus sufferers due to lung lining fluid and lung infection.
Lupus sufferers experience anemia who have low platelet and leukocyte counts. So that bleeding and easily get an infection.
Although eye damage is rarely experienced by people with lupus, several possibilities can occur including retinal damage due to lupus treatment.
Causes of Lupus Disease
The cause of lupus is the immune system attacking the body. Presumably due to a combination of environment and genetics. The main cause of lupus is not known, but the potential trigger is sunlight which can make odpus susceptible to lesions, which are symptoms of lupus that trigger an internal response.
In addition, it can also be caused by drugs that are triggered because several types of drugs include anti-seizure, antibiotics and blood pressure drugs. Even so, people who are caused by the type of lupus symptom medication will stop on their own.
For treatment depending on the weight and lightness of the organs affected by lupus. So that an examination by a medical expert is required. In addition, lupus is a chronic disease that requires long enough treatment so that it must be carefully considered the risks and benefits of treatment.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be used to relieve swelling, fever, pain medication or symptoms associated with lupus. Despite this it has side effects in stomach bleeding, the risk of heart problems and kidney problems.
Next is the malaria drug that can control lupus. As with other types of drugs, these also have side effects such as damage to the retina of the eye and upset stomach. Corticosteroid drugs are associated with fighting inflammation but have long-term side effects. Has the side effects of being overweight, bone loss, high blood pressure and increasing the risk of infection. While the latter is an immune suppressant drug that can help in severe cases of lupus.
Thus, lupus is a chronic disease that cannot be transmitted but is difficult to recognize because everyone is different. Symptoms in lupus sufferers will resemble certain diseases such as the organs they attack. So that medical experts must carry out further examination of the symptoms suffered. However, what is special about lupus is the rash on the face that resembles a butterfly shape as a sign of lupus.