Digestive system is one of the most important human organ systems.
The digestive system consists of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and anus. Where all the organs are a unity that cannot be separated.
The main function of the digestive system is to digest the body’s nutrients. But even so, it does not mean that the digestive system in the human body will always be safe because of the abundance of nutrients. The door or the entrance of substances from outside freely turns out to cause many disorders or diseases in the digestive system. Where the disease will disturb or threaten the people who suffer it. Diseases or disorders that attack this will inhibit the work systems of other organs.
Vigilance and knowledge are required to avoid disease or disturbances that will threaten, such as paying attention to the cleanliness of the food and drinks we consume, oral and dental hygiene, consumption of nutritious foods and many others.
There are several diseases that will threaten the human digestive system. To increase knowledge, below we describe what diseases can attack the digestive system.
Diarrhea is one of the most common digestive system disorders. Where this digestive disorder will make the stomach feel heartburn and the patient’s stool becomes runny. This disorder occurs because the lining of the large intestine of the sufferer is irritated. There are several things that cause a person to suffer from diarrhea, one of which is because the patient consumes food that is not hygienic or contains germs, so that the intestinal peristalsis becomes uncontrollable and water absorption in the large intestine does not occur. If the patient’s feces are mixed with pus or blood, then these symptoms indicate that the patient has dysentery, which is caused by a Shigella bacterial infection on the colon wall of the person suffering from it.
Gastritis is a disease or disorder in which the stomach wall becomes inflamed. This disorder is caused by too high levels of hydrochloric acid or Hcl. In addition, gastritis can also be caused because sufferers consume foods that contain lots of disease-causing germs.
Ulcer is a disease that is not strange anymore for all of us, because this disease is usually experienced by many people. Ulcer is a disease or disorder of the digestive system which is characterized by a burning feeling in the stomach wall, besides that the ulcer is also accompanied by a feeling of nausea and the stomach becomes bloated. This disorder occurs due to high levels of stomach acid. The main cause of this disorder is due to the patient’s poor or irregular diet, stress and so on. Helicobacter pylori, is a bacteria that causes ulcers in humans.
4. Constipation or constipation
Constipation is one of the disorders in the digestive system where the sufferer will pass hard fases. This disorder occurs because the colon absorbs too much water. Constipation is caused by consuming less fibrous foods such as fruits and vegetables or bad habits that always delay defecation.
5. Hemaroid or hemorrhoids
Hemaroid or better known as hemorrhoids is a swelling containing enlarged blood vessels. Blood vessels affected by this disorder are around or inside the buttocks, either in the anus or in the rectum. Usually most hemaroids are mild diseases and do not cause symptoms. If only someone has symptoms of hemorrhoids, then things that often occur are for example:
- There is bleeding after defecation, which is bright red in color.
- The presence of a lump hanging outside the anus. Usually this lump has to be pushed back into the anus after having a bowel movement.
- There is an itching feeling around the anus.
Hemaroid or hemorrhoids are usually experienced by those who sit too long or women who are pregnant.
Appendicitis is a digestive system disorder in which the appendix or appendix becomes inflamed. Appendicitis usually occurs when food debris is trapped and cannot get out of the worm’s tuft. So that over time the tuft of the worm will rot and will cause inflammation that spreads to the appendix. If the ends of the worms are not removed immediately, they will break apart over time. Where the inflammation of the appendix is usually marked by the presence of pus. If this disorder or disease is not treated, it will cause a high mortality rate.
7. Gastric ulcers
Gastric ulcer is a condition in which the stomach wall is injured. This disorder is caused by the erosion of the lining of the stomach wall itself. These sores that appear can also appear on the walls of the duodenum or small intestine as well as the esophagus or esophagus.
This one disease can affect anyone regardless of age. But even so, people over the age of 60 years have a higher risk of contracting this disease.
Symptoms that usually appear, namely, the patient will feel pain or burning in the stomach. The pain that appears will spread to the neck, feels even more sore when the stomach is empty, appears at night, will disappear and recur in the following week.
This one disorder or disease attacks the appendix. Where this situation occurs because the appendix is infected by bacteria. Appendicitis occurs because the opening between the appendix and large intestine is blocked by mucus or chili seeds.
As we know, thrush is a digestive system disorder that usually appears around the mouth. When we experience this disorder, when we eat it will feel sore. Thrush occurs due to heat in the tongue cavity or oral cavity. Where the most basic cause of this disease is a lack of vitamin C.
Colic is a pain that appears in the stomach, where this pain will disappear and arise. The pain that arises is usually caused by a blocked duct in the abdominal cavity, such as the intestines, urinary tract, bile and fallopian tubes in women. One of the causes of this disorder is consuming foods that are too spicy, sour or eating too much.
11. Malnutrition or mallnutrition
Malnutrition occurs due to impaired enzyme formation. This poor nutrition is caused by atrophic pancreatic cells losing too much of the endoplasmic reticulum.
Poisoning is usually caused by consuming wrong food. Where poisoning usually occurs due to the influence of bacteria such as Salmonella bacteria, which will cause typhoid and parasitic diseases.
Worms disease is certainly no stranger to Indonesian society, this is because nearly 80% of Indonesians experience this disease. Worms is a disease that attacks the human digestive system. This disease is usually experienced by children, but that does not mean adults will not experience it.
Those are some diseases that occur in the digestive system. Hopefully after knowing the various kinds of diseases above, you can be even more vigilant to maintain the health of your own digestive system.