Digestive system is a channel that functions to digest food, break down the food and change it into smaller parts and absorb these parts into the blood vessels.
The digestive system consists of certain organs, one of which is the stomach. The stomach is a pocket located at the bottom of the bulkhead of the body cavity. Which is the stomach has a function to digest food and absorb food juices.
The stomach is susceptible to disease, where one of the diseases that usually affects the stomach is gastric ulcers.
Gastric ulcer itself is a disease that is often experienced by society, where this one disease can affect anyone of all ages. But even so, usually people who have a higher risk of developing stomach ulcers are men and over 60 years of age.
In medical language, a stomach ulcer is called a peptic ulcer, which is a condition in which the mucosa or the inner wall of the stomach is injured because the lining is eroded by stomach acid. In addition, stomach acid will also cause injury to the esophagus or the main part of the small intestine.
Causes of gastric ulcers
Bacteria and the Use of Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
The stomach is lined with a wall that protects it from stomach acid. Increased stomach acid or the thinning of the protective membrane of stomach acid can cause gastric ulcers.
Protection of the stomach wall will decrease against stomach acid due to bacterial infection Helicobacter pylori and the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Bacterial infection Helicobacter pylori is a common condition that sufferers are usually not aware of. Prolonged consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs will cause stomach ulcers, especially for the elderly.
Cigarettes can trigger stomach ulcers, this is due to the influence of tobacco as the basic ingredient of cigarettes and the substances found in cigarettes. Someone who actively smokes can have stomach ulcers, so that the number of people with stomach ulcers from active smokers is quite a lot.
If you consume drinks containing alcohol too often and for a long enough time it can cause stomach ulcers.
Stress is not actually the cause of stomach ulcers, but stress can trigger stomach ulcers to recur. When the mind is stressed or dizzy due to certain problems, usually the stomach pain is caused by a severe stomach ulcer.
Characteristics and Symptoms of Gastric Ulcers
Stomach ache is the most prominent symptom when a person has stomach ulcers. Where the stomachache itself is a sign that the mucosa is eroded by stomach acid. Stomach pain as a symptom of a stomach ulcer has the following characteristics:
- When the stomach is empty, the pain will get worse
- Pain will appear at night
- Pain will be reduced temporarily if you take stomach acid-lowering drugs
- The pain will disappear within a few days, but will recur
Apart from stomach pain, stomach ulcers will also be accompanied by other symptoms such as:
- Weight loss
- Decreased appetite
- Nausea and vomiting, wherein the vomit is black
- The color of the stool turns black
Dangers or Complications of Stomach Ulcers
If not treated promptly and quickly, stomach ulcers will cause complications or other dangers. The dangers or complications of gastric ulcers that have serious potential include:
Although they are generally rare, gastric ulcers have the potential to perforate the walls of the stomach or intestines, causing serious infections in the abdominal cavity. This condition requires special treatment in the hospital, because if left untreated it will be fatal.
Bleeding inside the stomach
This condition is the most common complication caused by gastric ulcers. The bleeding that occurs can be mild or severe, requiring a blood transfusion.
Movement in the Digestive System is Blocked
Gastric ulcers can swell or even form tissue in the stomach, so as a result it will clog or block the digestive tract so that the food that enters it cannot pass. This situation will trigger a person to feel full quickly, lose weight, and vomit.
The patient’s age can affect a person’s risk of developing complications from gastric ulcers. Where the elderly aged over 60 years are the people who have the highest risk.
In addition, consumption of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can also increase the risk of complications. Complications of this type usually show no symptoms, so they often go unnoticed or cannot be treated.
Gastric Ulcer Treatment
Several treatment steps can be taken to prevent stomach ulcers from getting worse, such as:
- Eat regularly, eat small portions but regularly.
- Avoid some foods that can increase stomach acid production, the foods in question are foods that taste spicy, drinks that contain caffeine, and avoid smoking.
- Get enough rest.
- Eat casually or calmly, chew food until completely smooth in order to relieve the stomach when it works.
- Drink milk because milk can neutralize stomach acid. Apart from milk, milk-based products that can be consumed are cheese.
Apart from taking these simple steps, stomach ulcers can also be treated by consuming certain drugs according to the cause of the stomach ulcers being experienced. Where the drug consumption is adjusted to a doctor’s prescription. To get it you can go and consult a doctor.
How to Prevent Stomach Ulcers
Avoid spicy foods
You have to pay more attention to food intake to avoid stomach ulcers. You can eat foods that are neither too sour nor too spicy.
Not Eating Late
Too late to eat will cause stomach ulcers to recur, so it will make you sick. To fix this, you can bring snacks wherever you want to go, so that when it’s time to eat and you can’t go out to buy food, you can consume the food that is brought as a stomach booster for a while. This is important to do, in order to avoid neglected activities.
Maintaining health is not just physical, because from a psychological perspective it also needs to be maintained. When your mind is calm and your emotions are stable, you c
an be healthy and avoid various diseases. However, if the opposite disease can come, including stomach ulcers. Therefore, in order to prevent stomach ulcers from recurring, you should avoid stress.
Pay attention to cleanliness
Maintaining cleanliness can be done as a step to prevent stomach ulcers. Wash your hands often and make sure the food consumed is well and properly processed or until it is completely cooked. This step is taken to avoid bacterial infection.
The use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs must be considered, not to overuse the drug. Also, avoid smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages.
That is the explanation of stomach ulcers, symptoms, dangers and treatment. If the symptoms are getting worse, then immediately go to the doctor for further treatment. Hope it is useful.